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Administrative Draguan Territory of Leade Island
Native name: Akoni Kapena
Nickname: Leade Island
Leadeislandflag
Leadeisland
Map of Leade Island
Geography
Leadeislandlocation
Location Southeast Pacific
Coordinates 4°30'2.14"N, 172°34'27.44"O
Total islands 15
Major islands Leade Island
Highest point Casabonne Peak ()
Government
Capital city Huntington Bay
Largest city Huntington Bay (pop. 53,284)
Governor Denice Langley
Administrator Daisuke Ueda
Demographics
Demonym Leadan
Population 187,946 (as of 2012)
Ethnic groups Dutch, American, Japanese, Afrikaners

The Administrative Draguan Territory of Leade Island (alternatively: Leade Island) is an island in the Southeast Pacific, between the Marshall Islands and the islands of Tarawa, Kiribati. The island measures approximately 31 km by 29, and is mainly covered by meadows, marshes and tropical forests. Small cliffs and broad beaches cover the coastline of the island, along with a lagoon in the South. The island is divided in four municipalities, with Huntington Bay as the island's capital and largest city.

History

Leade Island, or Akoni Kapena in the Akonii language, was colonized by the Polynesians around 4.000 years ago, and proved to be a perfect location to settle. The native people soon became an offshoot group and developed an own culture primarily centered around agriculture. Casabonne Peak is also marked as a sacred place by the native Akonii.

Akoni Kapena was discovered by Thomas Gilbert on the 18th of April, 1788, as the Charlotte sailed around a cape that was later to be known as Marshfield Neck. However, she ship continued to sail on toward Tarawa. It wasn't until 1826 that the islands were visited by Francis Leade, captain of the merchant vessel Nieuw Krommenie, which was on a trade mission from Batavia to Auckland.

The aboriginals of the island, which called themselves the "Akoni", were very friendly toward the Draguan merchants and provided them food, water, gifts, and eventually stick charts which the Draguans developed into a map of the Polynesian Pacific. In 1831, a trading post with a small port was build on the shores of Moon Cove to create a stable gateway to the Polynesian islands, with merchantman Edward Huntington serving as Chief Merchant until 1840.

Geography

Administration

Culture

2953668 orig

Nodo Shrine in Kawashiri.

The island is a blend of Japanese, western and Polynesian cultures. Different styles of buildings dot the island, as well the monuments and shrines. Most of the east and north of the island is dominated by a western culture, while the western part of the island is mainly Japanese, and the southern part (including Pember Island) mainly Polynesian.

Climate

Climate data for Huntington Bay
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.4
(84.9)
29.6
(85.3)
30.1
(86.2)
30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
30.4
(86.7)
30.8
(87.4)
31.1
(88)
30.6
(87.1)
30.4
(86.7)
29.8
(85.6)
29.4
(84.9)
30.16
(86.29)
Daily mean °C (°F) 27.9
(82.2)
28.3
(82.9)
28.5
(83.3)
28.7
(83.7)
29.1
(84.4)
29.4
(84.9)
29.4
(84.9)
29.7
(85.5)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.4
(83.1)
28.2
(82.8)
28.78
(83.8)
Average low °C (°F) 24.7
(76.5)
24.9
(76.8)
25.2
(77.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.3
(77.5)
25.5
(77.9)
25.7
(78.3)
25.8
(78.4)
25.6
(78.1)
25.3
(77.5)
25.1
(77.2)
24.9
(76.8)
25.28
(77.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 210
(8.27)
200
(7.87)
195
(7.68)
190
(7.48)
190
(7.48)
180
(7.09)
150
(5.91)
140
(5.51)
145
(5.71)
160
(6.3)
180
(7.09)
190
(7.48)
2,130
(83.86)
Source: Leade Island Weather Control

People

Language

Tourism

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