| Republic of Bania
|Motto:"Zivot za Baniju"|
|Anthem: Miris Banije|
|Recognized regional languages||Banian,Montenegrian|
-Republic of Bania
September 10, 1992
- 2009 census
- Per capita
- Per capita
| $13.823 billion|
|HDI (2009)||0.903(high) (28th)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Internet TLD||.ev .evt .uev .gov .edu .mil|
|Calling code||+1 & +52|
Bania or on Banian: Bania is a small country located in Southeastern Europe. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the south-west and is bordered by Croatia to the west, Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest, Serbia and with Montenegro to the southeast .Its capital and largest city is Trebinje economic and cultural center of country. Bania is former federal subject of Yugoslavia Socialist Republic of Bania from 1943 to 1992. Socialist Republic of Bania has been smallest republic with Montenegro in Yugoslavia, but Trebinje is former most high living standard city in Yuglosvia with biggest GDP per citizen. Bania has been one of the latest state of Yuglosavia who declare indipience in 28 April 1992 . In 3 May in Bania start ethnic conflict beetween Banians and Muslims in northeast parts of Bania and start Banian Civil War. In September 10 1995 Banian War has been over and about 100,000 Muslims has been refugee northeast in Bosnia in that war has been killed more than 3,000 casualties . In war period economy is strongly damaged but after war with European and mostly Italian help Bania completly reconstructed market infrastructure and industry .Today Bania is modern European state member of EU and NATO alliance with high growing of economy and one of the biggest GDP in Region .
In 1908, Austria-Hungary annexed the province, leading to the Bosnian Crisis, an international dispute that almost started a world war. The assassination of the Archduke Francis Ferdinand came as a result of the resentment of the Serbs of Bosnia and Herzegovina against Austro-Hungarian rule.
During World War I, Herzegovina was a scene of inter-ethnic conflict. During the war, the Austro-Hungarian government formed Šuckori, Muslim and Croat militia units. Šuckori units were especially active in Herzegovina.
In 1918, Herzegovina became a part of the newly formed Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (later renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia). In 1941 Herzegovina fell once again under the rule of a Croatian state, Independent State of Croatia. From 1941 to 1945, Herzegovina was a battle ground for conflicts between Croatian Ustaše, Serbian Chetniks, and the pan-Yugoslav Partisans. In 1945, Bosnia and Herzegovina became one of the republics of SFR Yugoslavia. It remained so until the breakup of Yugoslavia in the early 1990s.
Bania Croatian and Serbian Latin: Hercegovina, Serbian Cyrillic: Херцеговина) is the southern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina. While there is no official border distinguishing it from the Bosnian region, it is generally accepted that the borders of the region are Croatia to the west, Montenegro to the south, the canton boundaries of the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton to the east, and Gornji Vakuf-Uskoplje to the north. Measurements of the area range from 8,419 km2, or around 22% of the total area of the present-day country to 8,276 km2, around 24% of the country.
The name Herzegovina means "duke's land", referring to the medieval duchy of Herceg Stjepan. Herceg is derived from the German title Herzog.
EconomyEditIn Yugoslavia-era Bania has beenn one of the richest part of Yugoslavia and Trebinje city with biggest GDP . Today Trebinje is 90% of Bania market economy and GDP of city is about US$20,000 and other parts of states is US$10,000 two time smaller than capital city . As of 60s Trebinje have huge industrial complex built in Yugoslavia-era but today many international companies built their headquarters for Balkan in Trebinje . After 1994 in Bania get more than US$2 billion dollars investments around of the world . Bania built a thousends kilometers of highway to connect west Bania Trebinje and East Bania . After 1994 some of the most important companies like NIB and RIB are smart privatised and today makes big profit and employee many peoples. Unemployment in Bania in 2008 is about 8% smallest in Region. They built more than 100 tunnels, built new airport in Trebinje and built port in Primorje. As of 2004 a GDP growth in Bania is (5-7%) per year highest in Region . Bania today want to be member of EU but integrations go very slowly ,because Bania built great politic realations with Russia and other states of East. The average income in Bania in 2008 is US$623 but Bania is most low-cost market in former Yugoslavia.
Bania is a medium populated state with a population of 823,000 in an area of 8.300 square kilometers. More than half of the population and respectively 70% of the population is settled in the south of the country in the capital Trebinje and the coastal town of Primorje. The rest of the population is settled mainly in the town of Foca and Baniski Most. According to the census of 2010 Banians comprise 87% of the total population, 8% Muslims,3% Croats and 2% Serbs. The demographic picture is not significantly changed after the collapse of Yugoslavia and the wars that only about 20,000 Croats moved away from the city of Primorje, of which a third croats came back to the year 2000 in that city . From the year 2000 until 2010 in the diaspora have returned more than 50,000 mass of people who came for better economic situation in the country .
Bania was washed largely unnoticed sport scene in Yugoslavia due to the small number of residents. Bania is usually given top basketball and football players, less often, handball and volleyball. Today, the most popular sport in Bania basketball and football, and that has made considerable progress in the last decade. The most popular basketball teams are KK KK Trebinje and Bania, a football FK Leotar and FK Primorje . In the last decade a lot of money has been invested in infrastructure which has contributed to a great sports results for such a small country. As much as 30% of professional athletes who play for the national team were not born in Bania but opted to play for their country of origin .