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Kingdom of Bayau
Fanyakaang i Bayau
Fanjakan'Ivezo
Flag of Bayau
Coat of Arms of Bayau
Flag
Motto: Te ali-ali akung isayang wa ali-ali akung sa andaw.[1]
Anthem: Kalu Raya[2]
Capital
and
Ivuhi
Official languages Bayau, Malagasy
Recognised regional languages French, Tamil, Hindi-Urdu, Kreyaol Vez
other English
Ethnic groups (2010) Bayau : 60%
Malagasy : 28%
Indians : 14%; European: 4%;
Asians:2% (Europeans, Asians)
Demonym Bayau
Government Absolute Monarchy
• King
Anakimarayan III
• Prime Minister
Onivelona Rakotomavo
Establishment
• Fanyakaan Bayau
May 8th 1794
• Recognised
August 12th 1837
Area
• 
142,329 km2 (54,954 sq mi)
Population
• 2012 estimate
40,442,800 (30th)
• 2010 census
39,110,234
• Density
284.15/km2 (735.9/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$201.4 billion (52nd)
• Per capita
$4,980 (120th)
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$153.1 billion (53rd)
• Per capita
$3,790 (109th)
Gini (2011) 39
medium
HDI (2012) 0.621
medium · 122nd
Currency Riyal (BYL)
Time zone Far East Africa (UTC+4)
• Summer (DST)
not observed (UTC)
DST not observed
Date format DD/MM/YYYY
Drives on the left
Calling code +271
Internet TLD .vz
Map of Bayau

Bayau (Malagsay: Ivezo) or the Kingdom of Bayau (Malagasy: Fanjakan' Ivezo; Bayau: Fanyakaan i Bayau) is an island nation in East Africa. Its spans an archipelago of 4 main islands in the Indian Ocean, at approximately 500 km north of Mauritius and 1,100 kilometers east of the island of Madagascar. His capital, Ivuhi, is located in the center in the west of Nusebisa, and is the most populated city of Bayau with more than 2.7 million inhabitants.

The Bayau archipelago has been settled by Austronesian seafarers, probably the same as the people that have colonized the island of Madagascar. These people, has been isolated from other influence until the 12th century when the Arabs landed in Nuse Lawa and introduced the use of the Arabic script called Surata, this script is known by very few people and has been replaced by the Malagasy Sorabe in the late 18th century.

Bayau has the greatest Malagasy community living outside Madagascar (11.3 million). Most of these people immigrated to Bayau in the 17th century to work as slaves in sugarcane plantations led by French colonists. In 1793, a slave revolt led by Andrianiandevo got all the European settlers out of Nuse Lawa. Eight years later, the Kingdom of Bayau (in Malagasy: Fanjakan'i Vezo) has been proclaimed and Andrianiandevo had been designed as King.

History

The archipelago of Bayau was first inhabited in the 9th century by settlers from the Indonesian Archipelago. Population present there speak a Austronesian language from which current Bayau language is. The name "bayau" itself seems to be a cognate of Bajau an autonym of sea nomads (gypsies) currently living in South East Asia.

It is generally admitted that the Arabs and the Bayau have had by the past a cultural exchange. Even if Arabs failed to convert most of the population to Islam, they have let the knowledge of the Arabic script and astrology. The oldest text written in Bayau is the History of Kings (in Bayau : Papat Raya) which is written at the Payan Raya I reign around 1125 CE.

The First European to discover the Bayau Archipelago was the Portuguese sailor Diogo Fernandes Pereira visited Nuse Lawa in 1507, naming that Island Grã Cirne.

Geography

Geology

The Bayau Archipelago covers 90% of the Mauritia microcontinent, which is a fragment resulting from the separation of India from Madagascar some 90 million years ago. Other parts of Mauritia includes the Island of Mauritius (where 2 billion-year-old zirconia have been pulled up by the magma which has contributed to form the island), and the Seychelles.

Demographics

Economy

Politics

Culture

References

  1. It is not only my duty but my duty and yours
  2. Song of the Ancients
  3. People aged 15 or older

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