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The Bijani Chamber of Deputies election of 1953 took place on Saturday, February 21, 1953, to elect the 80 members of the Chamber of Deputies of Bijan.  It was triggered by President Veki Hajasi issuing the order for on Monday, February 2, 1953, for early elections, less than eighteen months into the four-year term of the 2nd Chamber of Deputies, which was chosen in the 1951 general election.  The election coincided with the formation of the 2nd National Council, the upper house of the National Assembly.

Background

Seven parties were represented in the 2nd Chamber of Deputies.  A further fourteen parties took part in the 1951 election but failed to cross the national threshold of four percent.  Like in the 1st Chamber that preceded it, the members of 2nd Chamber never managed to form a firm, stable majority caucus.  The Bijani National Party and the Christian Democratic Party, which together held 37 of the 80 seats, managed to form an informal alliance and was the closest thing to a minority governing coalition throughout the life of the 2nd Chamber.


Parties

Smaller and regional parties, unable to cross the threshold on their own, continued to coalesce into larger, broader parties through mergers and cooperation agreements.  Some of the more notable political realignments that took place between the 1951 and 1953 elections are noted below:

In total, 13 parties contested the election:

Party Abbrev Leader Ideology
  Alliance of Dutch Voters Alianco de Nederlandaj Voĉdonantoj ANV
  Bijani Family Biĵana Familio BF
  Bijani National Party Biĵana Nacia Partio BNP
  Bijani Youth Biĵanaj Junuloj BJ
  Communist Party of Bijan Biĵana Komunista Partio BKP
  Country–Farmer–Labour Kamparo–Farmisto–Laboro KFL
  Equality Party Partio Egaleca PE
  New Bijan Party Nova Biĵana Partio NB
  Pensioners Party Partio por Pensiuloj P
  Rise! Leviĝu! L
  Social Democratic Party Socidemokratia Partio SDP
  Traditionalist Party Tradiciisma Partio TP
  Unity Party Unueca Partio UP



Districts

Bijan 1951 Electoral Districts

Map of the 7 electoral districts contested in the 1953 election

The same seven electoral districts created for the 1951 election were used again for the 1953 election.  Each of the districts was allocated a number of seats in proportion to its population, for a total of 64 district seats.  The remaining 16 seats were compensatory or top-up seats, awarded to the parties to ensure the overall composition of the Chamber was proportional to the nationwide vote.  To gain representation in the Chamber, a party had to secure at least four percent of the national vote.


Results

For the full results of the election, see Bijani Chamber of Deputies election, 1953/Full Results.

The Bijani National Party further increased is share of the vote and won 30 seats in the Chamber, five more than at the previous election.  The election resulted in the first ever formal coalition established between two parties in Bijan, between the BNP and Bijani Family.  Together, the parties held a majority, 41 of the 80 seats, in the Chamber, which allowed the executive to pursue a legislative agenda without interference from opposition parties.  The 3rd Chamber of Deputies began its term on March 10, 1953, the day on which the official results were published.   The new Chamber convened a week later, on March 17.

Bijani Chamber of Deputies election, 1953: Summary
Party Votes  % ±% Seats +/-
District List Total
  Bijani National Party 843,842 32.9 Green Arrow Up Darker 9.1 24 6 30 Green Arrow Up Darker 5
  Bijani Family 325,532 12.7 Green Arrow Up Darker 1.7 8 3 11 Straight Line Steady 0
  Alliance of Dutch Voters 318,973 12.4 Red Arrow Down 0.2 9 2 11 Red Arrow Down 2
  Social Democratic Party 277,737 10.8 Red Arrow Down 0.2 9 1 10 Red Arrow Down 1
  Traditionalist Party 206,214 8.0 Green Arrow Up Darker 0.3 5 2 7 Red Arrow Down 1
  Country–Farmer–Labour 192,546 7.5 Green Arrow Up Darker 0.2 6 1 7 Red Arrow Down 1
  Rise! 103,885 4.0 Green Arrow Up Darker 4.0 3 1 4 Green Arrow Up Darker 4
  Bijani Youth 67,296 2.6 Red Arrow Down 1.4 0 0 0 Red Arrow Down 4
Others 230,678 9.0 Green Arrow Up Darker 1.9 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady 0
Valid Votes 2,566,703 88.7 Red Arrow Down 1.3 64 16 80 Straight Line Steady 0
Invalid Votes 326,858 11.3 Green Arrow Up Darker 1.3
Total Votes 2,893,561 100.0 Straight Line Steady 0.0
Electors/Turnout 3,466,498 83.5 Red Arrow Down 2.4
Elections in Bijan
Presidential 1949195519611967197319791985199119972003
2009next
House of Representatives 1949195319571961196519691973197719811985
19891993199720012005200920132015next
Local 1950195419581962196619701974197819821986
19901994199820022006201020142016
Referenda 194519461947

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