The Bijani House of Representatives election of 1965 was held on Sunday, March 7, 1965, to elect the 173 members of the 5th Bijani House of Representatives. The incumbent Bijani National Party government, which had ruled on its own from 1949 to 1961, and as a minority government from 1961 to 1965, sought a fifth term in office against collection of parties including the centre-left Social Democratic Party and the Alliance of Dutch Voters, and the centre-right Liberal Democratic Party, the Country Party and the Christian Democratic Party. Other parties that contested the election only in certain counties were the New Bijan Party, the Communist Party, the Pensioners Party, the New Hospitals Party, the Students Party and Bijani Future.
This was the first election to take place following the amendments to the House of Representatives (Elections) Act, which increased the size of the House from 150 to 173 members. The 23 new leveling seats were a mechanism to ensure the overall composition of parties in the House better reflected each party's share of the national vote. Prior to 1965, Bijan's constituency-based proportional system often yielded unexpected and counterintuitive results, such as a party experiencing a decrease in overall support nationwide, yet ganing additional seats. The system of leveling seats was implemented to counter the irregularities in county voting patterns.
Bijani election law requires that the apportionment of seats in the House to the counties be recalculated every eight years, or after every second ordinary election. Based on changing demographics since the 1957 apportionment, the following seats were transferred between counties:
- Sunrise County went from 5 seats to 4.
- River Valley County went from 5 seats to 4.
- High Tide County went from 6 seats to 5.
- Milikaf County went from 6 seats to 7.
- Silver County went from 6 seats to 7.
- Crownland County went from 7 seats to 8.
The result further loosened the grip of the Bijani National Party on national politics. With 78 seats, the BNP was nine seats short of a majority in the House. The BNP initially looked to form a coalition with the Christian Democratic Party, but its underwhelming performance in the election led to the KDP winning only 10 seats, which was too fragile a majority for the BNP to accept. The BNP also rejected an alliance with the Liberal Democratic Party out of fears that the LDP would seek a disproportionate amount of influence over the new government. Finally, the BNP and the Country Party agreed to form a coalition, with a working majority of 96 seats in the House. In exchange, the parliamentary leader of the Country Party would become the Deputy Chief Minister, and ministerial appointments would be divided between the BNP and the Country Party according to their respective numbers in the House.
|Bijani House of Representatives election, 1965: Summary|
|Bijani National Party||1,816,970||42.9||3.1||71||7||78||4|
|Social Democratic Party||645,089||15.2||0.7||25||3||28||5|
|Liberal Democratic Party of Bijan||548,334||12.9||1.1||23||1||24||4|
|Christian Democratic Party||229,236||5.4||0.4||4||6||10||2|
|Alliance of Dutch Voters||185,633||4.4||1.4||4||4||8||2|
|New Bijan Party||86,702||2.0||1.4||2||0||2||0|
|Communist Party of Bijan||60,629||1.4||0.3||1||0||1||1|
|New Hospitals Party||50,722||1.2||1.2||1||0||1||1|
Allocation of leveling seats
The 23 leveling seats were allocated in the following order:
|Elections in Bijan|
|Presidential|| 1949 • 1955 • 1961 • 1967 • 1973 • 1979 • 1985 • 1991 • 1997 • 2003|
2009 • next
|House of Representatives|| 1949 • 1953 • 1957 • 1961 • 1965 • 1969 • 1973 • 1977 • 1981 • 1985|
1989 • 1993 • 1997 • 2001 • 2005 • 2009 • 2013 • 2015 • next
|Local|| 1950 • 1954 • 1958 • 1962 • 1966 • 1970 • 1974 • 1978 • 1982 • 1986|
1990 • 1994 • 1998 • 2002 • 2006 • 2010 • 2014 • 2016
|Referenda||1945 • 1946 • 1947|