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The Bjiani House of Representatives election of 2005 took place on Sunday, March 6, 2005, to elect the 245 members of the 15th Bijani House of Representatives.  The incumbent coalition government, consisting of the Liberal Democratic Party and One Nation, sought a third term in office against and opposition consisting of the Social Democratic Party and Together for Bijan.

Background

At the time of the 2005 election, the Liberal National Party had governed Bijan either alone or in coalition with One Nation for twelve years.

Electoral system

The Bijani House of Representatives is elected using open party-list proportional representation, whereby electors vote for individual candidates in multi-member constituencies.  The total number of votes for all candidates of a particular party in each constituency are totalled, and the seats are apportioned out to the parties using the Sainte-Laguë method.  The number of members each county elects is determined by the ratio of its population to the population of the whole country.

Since 1997, the House has had 245 seats, 199 of which are filled using the procedure outlined above.  The remaining 46 seats are allocated, two per county, to parties which have received at least four percent of the nationwide vote.  This measure is to ensure that the overall composition of parties in the house is proportional to the number of votes each party received.

Constituencies

Every eight years, the number of seats each constituency is allocated must be recalculated, to account for changing demographics in the country.  The following changes were made to the 1997 distribution:

Results

Bijani House of Representatives election, 2005: Summary
Party Votes  % ± Seats ±
County Leveling Total
  Liberal National Party 2,642,519 40.3 0.0 Straight Line Steady 87 15 102 0 Straight Line Steady
  Social Democratic Party 1,991,315 30.3 3.8 Green Arrow Up Darker 62 15 77 10 Green Arrow Up Darker
  One Nation 735,097 11.2 2.4 Red Arrow Down 22 6 28 6 Red Arrow Down
  Together For Bijan 651,816 9.9 0.6 Green Arrow Up Darker 19 6 25 2 Green Arrow Up Darker
  Bijani Greens 268,775 4.1 0.2 Red Arrow Down 6 4 10 1 Red Arrow Down
  Progressive Centre Party 66,138 1.0 1.0 Green Arrow Up Darker 1 0 1 1 Green Arrow Up Darker
  Christian Heritage Bijan 59,405 0.9 0.5 Red Arrow Down 1 0 1 2 Red Arrow Down
  Western Bijan Hospitals Party 54,488 0.8 0.0 Straight Line Steady 1 0 1 0 Straight Line Steady
  Education for All 28,399 0.4 1.2 Red Arrow Down 0 0 0 3 Red Arrow Down
  Coastal Party 20,032 0.3 0.3 Green Arrow Up Darker 0 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady
  Reform Party 17,233 0.3 0.3 Green Arrow Up Darker 0 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady
  Abortion Opponents' Party 14,525 0.2 0.2 Green Arrow Up Darker 0 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady
  Libertarian Party 8,876 0.1 0.4 Red Arrow Down 0 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady
  Coalition of Independents 3,732 0.1 1.3 Red Arrow Down 0 0 0 1 Red Arrow Down
  End Homelessness Party 1,977 0.0 0.3 Red Arrow Down 0 0 0 0 Straight Line Steady
Valid Votes 6,563,327 95.8 0.1 Red Arrow Down 199 46 245 0 Straight Line Steady
Invalid Votes 288,019 4.2 0.1 Green Arrow Up Darker
Total Votes 6,851,346 100.0 0.0 Straight Line Steady
Electors/Turnout 8,816,593 77.7 1.5 Red Arrow Down



Elections in Bijan
Presidential 1949195519611967197319791985199119972003
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House of Representatives 1949195319571961196519691973197719811985
19891993199720012005200920132015next
Local 1950195419581962196619701974197819821986
19901994199820022006201020142016
Referenda 194519461947

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