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The Bijani National Council formation of 1949 refers to the process by which the members of the National Council, the upper chamber of the bicameral National Assembly of Bijan, were selected.  Unlike its counterpart, the Chamber of Deputies, which is directly elected, the National Council's membership is chosen through a variety of methods.

Technically, the six ex officio members of the National Council took office with the entry into force of the Constitution of Bijan on January 1, 1949.  The twenty-four elected members were chosen between April 6, 1949, and April 23, 1949.  With 30 of its 40 members, the National Council convened for its first session on Tuesday, April 26, 1949.  The ten appointed members were announced by Presidet Veki Hajasi on June 14, 1949, and took their seats for the first time on June 15.

Background

Ex officio members

Six members of the National Council are members by virtue of their holding a separate, unrelated office:

  • the Commander-in-Chief or the Commander of the Armed Forces;
  • the heads of the two largest and most important religious communities in Bijan;
  • the records of two autonomous higher institutions of science and learning;
  • the president of the bank of issue.

Elected members

Twenty-four members of the National Council are elected, though not by the people, but rather by various interest groups:

  • three members are elected by the councils of the rural municipalities;
  • one member is leected by the councils of the urban municipalities;
  • five members are elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent agriculture and fishing;
  • five members are elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent industry, trade, commerce, shipping and cooperation;
  • three members are elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent labour;
  • one member is elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent owners of urban real estate property;
  • one member is elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent the free professions;
  • one member is elected by autonomous professional corporations to represent the domestic economy;
  • one member is elected to represent the Armed Forces;
  • one member is elected to represent education and culture
  • one member is elected to represent the cultural boards of ethnic minorities; and
  • one member is elected to represent the interests of public health.

Appointed members

Ten members of the National Council are appointed by the President of the Republic.  As the President of the Republic would not be elected until after the first Council would be formed, these seats were vacant until after the Presidential election.  President Veki Hajasi was inaugurated on June 13, 1949, and announced his ten appointed members the next day.


Members by special right

The Constitution provides that former Presidents of the Republic and former Commanders-in-Chief in times of war on or after January 1, 1949, are entitled to be members of the National Council.  As there were no such officeholders as of the 1949 formation, this constitutional provision was ignored.

Membership by party

  BNP   KDP   ANV   BPP   SDP   PFF   KPB   NON
Commander of the Armed Forces 1 1
Heads of Religious Communities 2 2
Rectors of National Universities 2 2
Head of the Central Bank 1 1
Rural Municipalities 3 2 1
Urban Municipalities 1 1
Representatives of Autonomous Professional Corporations 16 4 2 2 1 2 4 1
Armed Forces 1 1
Education and Culture 1 1
Ethnic Minorities 1 1
Public Health 1 1
Appointed by the President 10 10
Members by Special Right 0
TOTAL 40 16 3 3 2 2 4 1 9
Elections in Bijan
Presidential 1949195519611967197319791985199119972003
2009next
House of Representatives 1949195319571961196519691973197719811985
19891993199720012005200920132015next
Local 1950195419581962196619701974197819821986
19901994199820022006201020142016
Referenda 194519461947





 

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