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Empire of Brazil
Império do Brasil
Flag
Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: "Independência ou Morte!"
"Independence or Death!"
Anthem: Hino Nacional Brasileiro
Brazilian National Anthem
Orthographic map of Brazil (Empire)
Brazil - Location Map (2013) - Brazil (Empire) - UNOCHA.svg
Capital Rio de Janeiro
22°54′S 43°11′W
Largest city São Paulo
Official languages Portuguese
Ethnic groups 47.73% White
43.13% Pardo
7.61% Black
1.09% Asian
0.43% Amerindian
Demonym Brazilian
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
• Emperor
Luiz II
Júlio Campos (C)
Legislature Parliament
Chamber of Peers
Chamber of Deputies
History
• Colony
April 22, 1500
from United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves
September 7, 1822
Area
• Total
8,696,801 km2 (3,357,854 sq mi) (5th)
• Water (%)
0.64
Population
• 2013 estimate
203,768,987 (5th)
• 2010 census
196,609,188
• Density
23.43/km2 (60.7/sq mi) (192nd)
GDP (PPP) 2013 estimate
• Total
$3,531,927,851,671 (5th)
• Per capita
$17,333 (67th)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
• Total
$2,811,400,713,639 (5th)
• Per capita
$13,797 (54th)
Gini (2010) positive decrease 48.6
Error: Invalid Gini value
HDI (2013) Green Arrow Up Darker 0.767
Error: Invalid HDI value · 64th
Currency Real (\mathrm{S}\!\!\!\Vert) (BRR)
Time zone BRT (UTC−2 to −5)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2 to −5)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy (CE)
Drives on the right
Calling code +55
Internet TLD .br
Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil), officially the Empire of Brazil (Portuguese: Império do Brasil), is the largest country in both South America and the Latin American region. It is the world's fifth largest country, both by geographical area and by population. It is the largest Portuguese-speaking country in the world, and the only one in the Americas.

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