- This country is part of the Altverse universe.
Motto: "One and Indivisible"
Royal anthem: Yellow Rose
|Capital||Austin, Greater Austin|
|Largest city||Houston, San Jacinto|
|Official languages||English, Spanish, German|
|Ethnic groups (2010)||
58% White |
|Government||Federal constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary system|
|John Charles II|
|Independence from Mexico|
|March 2nd, 1836|
|February 2nd, 1848|
|1,191,570.65 km2 (460,068.00 sq mi) (25th)|
• 2015 estimate
• 2010 census
|28.085/km2 (72.7/sq mi) (189th)|
|GDP (PPP)||2015 estimate|
|$1.776 trillion (14th)|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2015 estimate|
|$1.988 trillion (10th)|
• Per capita
Error: Invalid Gini value
very high · 13th
|Currency||Dollar ($, B$) (BAZ)|
|Time zone||BST (UTC-6)|
• Summer (DST)
|Drives on the||right|
|Patron saint||Saint Mary of the Annunciation|
|ISO 3166 code||BAZ|
The Kingdom of Brazoria is a sovereign state located in central North America, composed of 18 provinces. Brazoria is bordered to the north by Missouri, to the east by the Confederate States to the west by Sierra, to the south by Mexico, and to the southeast by the Gulf of Mexico. Alongside its contiguous territory on mainland North America, Brazoria holds overseas possessions in the Brazorian Antilles and Brazorian Guyana. Overall, Brazoria has a total land area of about 460,068 square miles, making it the world's 25th largest country by land area. Brazoria also has an estimated population of 33,465,561 as of 2015, making it the 39th largest country in the world by population.
Brazoria is a federal constitutional monarchy with a democratic parliamentary system. The 18 Provinces which make up the vast majority of Brazoria share power with the national Crown Government. The sovereignty of the nation is rested with the Monarch, who is the embodiment of state power and the foremost representative of all Brazorians. For this reason, the Monarch, who is the primogenial head of the House of Carlotte, is a neutral, ceremonial figure in governance, and true power lies with the elected, bicameral Parliament. The Parliament is called into power by the Monarch every four years through national elections; the lower house, the Diet, is composed of representatives who are based in number upon each province's population, and the upper house, the Senate, is composed of an equal number of representatives from each province. Brazoria has no single constitution: instead, the structure of national governance is defined through legally binding cases of the Royal Court, which, through landmark, case-based decisions, creates the legal foundation for the application of services to the citizens of the realm. Therefore, the functionality of the realm comes from a synthesis of law-making in the Parliament with the right-making in the Royal Court. This form of government is due largely to the Brazos Compact of 1836, in which Juan Carlos de Carlotte was declared King-on-the-Brazos in defiance of the Mexican colonial administration.
The earliest inhabitants of Brazoria were various indigenous tribes scattered across the country, with hundreds of different cultures and languages flourishing in the period before European exploration. Spain was the first European nation to enter into and explore Texas, doing so as early as 1526 with the expedition led by Pánfilo de Narváez along the Gulf Coast of the country. The most prominent of early Spanish settlers was John of Austria, a bastard son of Charles V who was escaping the increasingly demanding rule of his half-brother Philip II. John's role in the early settlement of Texas saw the rise of the Carlotte family as the predominant political power in the region. Despite strong initial claims by Spain, the French would attempt to challenge them with the establishment of Fort Saint Louis in 1685, and although this attempt failed it only led to the formal creation of the Spanish claim in 1690. With the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War, the Carlotte family began the decentralize organization settlement through Anglo empresarios. The empresarios would see their successes increase with the creation of the Intendancy of Texas in 1787, and later, with the outbreak of the Mexican War of Independence in 1810. The new, locally unpopular Mexican administration attempted to crack down on Anglo settlement, causing a revolt which would lead to the outbreak of the Brazos Revolution in 1835 and see the creation of the Kingdom-on-the-Brazos the following year. While the Kingdom was victorious, the Mexicans would continue to see the region as a province in rebellion until the end of the Mexican-American War in 1848 with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. The same year, the Royal Decree of Parliament transitioned the realm into its current political organization.
Although initially a country with a heavy agricultural focus, both economically and culturally, Brazoria would eventually undergo intense economic growth which would culminate in the spread of industrialization to the country. The thrust of the country into prosperity initially gave it grand colonial ambitions, culminating in the Brazorian-Dutch War, the Brazorian-Spanish War, the Panama War, and the Hispaniola War. Progressivism would come to the realm as a result of monopolistic business practices, and the discovery of oil at Spindletop ushered in an era of prosperity that became characteristic of the turn of the century. Brazoria took an active role as a strong ally of the United Kingdom by coming to its side in the First World War. The Great Depression and the Dust Bowl both caused massive economic and societal discord for the country, especially in more rural, agricultural areas. Thousands would migrate away to neighboring countries, prompting the government to introduce stricter economic controls that would ultimately see the end of true lasseiz faire economics. Brazoria joined the Second World War in 1939 alongside the Allies, permanently solidifying the bond between itself and other Western nations. Brazoria would help found NATO in 1949, signalling the nation's opposition to the Soviet Union during the Cold War. Brazoria was a foremost participant of many of the conflicts caused by the war, and economic growth throughout the later half of the twentieth century would lead to a strong economy into the next. Brazoria was only moderately affected by the Great Recession, and the nation recovered quickly from any economic abnormalities.
The economy of Brazoria is considered to be a developed free market with generally high standard of living and a moderate cost of living. The economy is considered to be very free in terms of small enterprise, while restrictions from the government are more intensive the larger a company is. As corporate taxes are generally low, many multinational companies are attracted to Brazoria for its central position in North America and its historical access as a railroad and shipping center for the continent as a whole. A resource rich country, Brazoria has a diverse economy that is largely based upon a mixture of services and manufacturing. Agriculture has played a significant role in the history and culture of the country, and continues to do so in the contemporary period, yet over time, the importance of agriculture as an economic facet has dwindled with the growth of the urban industrial economy. Standards of education, sanitation, health, and general livability are high, while mortality, disease, and crime rates are generally low. Brazoria is considered to be politically and economically free.
Brazoria enjoys warm relations with most other western country, and the nation has held a strong, lasting alliance with the neighbouring Kingdom of Sierra since the Mexican-American War. Other nations with which Brazoria holds an amicable relationship with are Canada, Rainier, Britain, France, and Germany. Brazoria was a founding member of the League of Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the Caribbean Realm, and the Conference of American States, and it is also a member of the Organization for Cooperation and Economic Development, the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the Organization of American States.
The word Brazoria comes from a combination of the word Brazos, a river of certain importance to the history of the country, with that of the Latin suffix -ia, meaning land or country. The name for the kingdom came from the title held by the nominal monarchs before the Royal Decree of Parliament in 1848, whence beforehand the nation was known as the Kingdom-on-the-Brazos. Another early name for the country was Texas, which stems from a Caddo word meaning friendship. The name Texas is still sometimes used to refer to the country in a poetic manner, especially when drumming up a love for one's homeland from the audience. The name Texas was eventually discontinued as a formal name for the kingdom because of its association with Spain, and even more so, Mexico, which the government wished to distance itself from in order to establish a sentiment of validity in the individualism of the realm.
The lands now making up Brazoria were originally inhabited by various bands of Native American peoples who arrived over the Bering Land Bridge approximately 20000 years ago. While the vast majority of the native peoples in the pre-Columbian period were related to the Clovis culture or the Folsom culture, the Pueblo culture in the far west of the country are believed to have been apart of cultures which existed to the west or even south of contemporary Brazoria. The most eminent tribe in the region shortly before the arrival of Europeans was the Comanche people, who spread out across a vast part of the plains making up contemporary nation-state. While no certain group of native cultures had an effective hegemony established over the country, the Comanche were the most powerful and the largest inhabiting the greatest area with the arrival of the Spanish in 1526.
Early colonial period
The first Europeans to explore the lands now making up Brazoria were Spanish conquistadors, the first being under an expedition originally led by Pánfilo de Narváez in 1526. While Narváez did not make it to the end of the journey, among the men was Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, responsible for the first identifications of the tribes and landscape of the region which was to become known as Texas. This original expedition was followed by that of Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, who searched across the western and central portions of the contemporary nation of Brazoria in order to find the fabled Seven Cities of Gold in 1540. Although these explorers claimed all the lands of the region for Spain, the area was largely ignored by early Spanish colonial authorities and settlers.
The first major settlement by non-missionaries in Spanish Texas was undertaken by John of Austria, a bastard son of Charles V, who came to the territory with his family and many retainers in 1571 in order to escape the continuously increasing tyranny of his brother Philip II. John of Austria would establish the town of Villa-de-Nobia and establish the fort at Port Velasco, both of which would remain the only Spanish civilian, non-missionary settlements in the territory until the 18th century. The prominence of the early township and its importance to the administration of the region served the rise of the Carlotte family as the most prominent political force in the region, with its members deriving their legitimacy through their founding patriarch John of Austria. Rodrigo Pacheco, 3rd Marquis of Cerralvo, then Viceroy of New Spain, would come to recognize this in 1628, appointing prominent members of the family into honorary positions of the local administration, an honorary gesture which would be continued by all Spanish viceroys to come.
The first challenge to Spanish control over the region occurred in 1684, when a group of French settlers led by René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle settled at Fort Saint Louis near Matagorda Bay, although they originally intended to settle at the mouth of the Mississippi River. While the fort was destroyed by disease and native attacks by as late as 1689, the Spanish would see the settlement as the sign of encroaching French interests into what they had claimed as Spanish territory, and began to fund further expeditions and missionary settlements throughout the region, also returning to the territory of the Pueblo indians from which they had been ousted. Alonso de León founded the first Spanish mission in the more eastern part of the Texas region, near present day San Antonio in 1690. The mission was at first unsuccessful with the priests leaving after a year, and after twenty years of Spanish disinterest, Spain would only charter further settlement when the missionary Francisco Hidalgo and the Carlotte patriarch threatened to ask for French help in building new settlements in 1711. The second Spanish settlement composed of mostly civilians was San Antonio, serving as a way station between New Spain proper and new immigrants to the area.
The War of the Quadruple Alliance in 1718 saw brief tensions between the French and the Spanish in what was to become San Jacinto, but overall, no blood would be shed because of the conflict in the Texan heartland. The Spanish fought with the Lipan Apache because of their alliance with the Hasinai, but later, in 1749, negotiated a peace with the Apache that angered the larger Comanche. While preoccupied with the Comanche in the west, the end of the Seven Years' War saw the leave of the French in the east in 1763. Though the Spanish government ordered a relocation of many settlers to San Antonio, many remained in the east flocking to Villa-de-Nobia in the southeast and founding the town of Nacogdoches around an older mission in the northeast. The raids came to an end, when in 1785, the Comanche agreed to a peace treaty, and soon after, they would form a lasting alliance with the Spanish.
The Spanish colonial authorities created the Intendancy of Texas in 1787, after many requests by the Carlotte family, which had grown extremely wealthy due to the necessity of their protection by settlers over the past decades due to consistent native raids. With the creation of the new political unit, the power of the Carlotte family was cemented, and they began a policy of intense settlement by inviting English-speaking Anglo settlers into the territory instead of attempting to encourage Spanish settlers to migrate to the literal edge of the Spanish Empire. By 1790, native raids on Spanish settlements came to an end with Comanche assistance, and in 1793, the mission at San Antonio was secularized. Both developments further encouraged white, English-speaking protestants to migrate to Texas, albeit in small numbers and rarely at a rate of more than five families every month. Nonetheless, immigration to the territory was at it highest level ever, but despite such high growth, the Spanish central colonial administration continued to overlook the domestic governance of the intendancy.
In 1799, Spain returned Louisiana to France, but neither properly defined the border between Louisiana and Texas, and as a result the Louisiana Purchase would lead to a border dispute between the United States and Spain. The dispute would continue until 1819, with the Adams–Onís Treaty, which defined the Sabine River as the Spanish-American border. While Spain retained de jure control of New Spain following the 1808 transfer of power to Joseph Bonaparte, the colony as a whole would begin to fall into disorder. The chaotic nature of New Spain during the Peninsular War of the mother country only encouraged the intendant government of Texas to become even bolder in its attempts to bring settlers to the territory. Colonial authority had become nominal, and the Carlotte family exercised a high degree of autonomy, and in commanding a great deal of respect from locals, they had begun to act as monarchs of the area in all but name. If the Spanish colonial authority had its way, the entirety of the new English-speaking population of Texas would be expelled, but almost all local power rested with the Carlotte family and the administration of the intendancy.
The increasing population of the territory would almost be completely isolated from the Mexican War for Independence, and while the government of the intendancy was technically royalist, there existed no support for the Spanish crown beyond that of a de jure recognition of where the Carlotte family had been allowed to acquire its power from. As a result, the territory would continue to be overlooked by the changing authorities of the times, as the Spanish control of New Spain eventually shifted to autonomous Mexican control as the war moved on. There would be no serious attempt to establish any real control over the intendancy until the Mexican victory in 1821, when the Mexican government merged the local government with that of a neighboring territory, a move which was met with extreme resistance from locals.
After the independence of Mexico in 1821, the lands of the contemporary country of Brazoria legally became a part of that country. In particular, Texas became apart of the state of Coahuila y Tejas in 1824, although the region could opt to become its own state when it deemed such an action feasible. The same year, the new government implemented the General Colonization Law, allowing for foreigners to settle in Mexico without hindrance in order to bolster immigration and population, especially in the more sparsely populated areas of the nation in order to protect from constant Comanche raids which had flared in reaction to the loss of Spanish authority in the region.
The Mexican government aimed to continued the Carlotte-backed colonization of the region by targeting immigration from the United States. While there was still general resentment of the Mexican government among locals, the Carlotte family used the opportunity of central government backing to begin grant huge parcels of land to new settlers from the United States. The first such empresarial grant was given to Moses Austin, whose son, Stephen Austin, commonly considered to be the Father of Brazoria, followed through with his fathers plans and brought three thousand families to settle in Texas along the Brazos River. Twenty-three other empresarios would bring tens of thousands of settlers to the territory, and the vast number led Anastasio Bustamante, then President of Mexico, to outlaw any further immigration from the United States in 1830, and furthermore, to implement stricter tax and custom laws via the construction of many new presidios and military fortifications in the territory. The measures, which many new immigrants considered reactionary, led to widespread civil unrest in Texas, with one notable revolt, the Anahuac Disturbances, becoming the prelude to outright rebellion against Mexican rule in 1832. Mexican troops would flee Texas after the Nacogdoches Revolt that same year, and at the Convention of 1832, settlers, supported by the Carlotte family, demanded that Mexico grant Texas statehood. Stephen Austin was sent to Mexico City in 1833, where he was jailed on suspicion of treason. When Antonio López de Santa Anna began reforms of centralization, colonists in Texas gave up attempts to negotiate, signaling the beginning of the Brazos Revolution in 1835.
The first full-scale, armed revolt against Mexican authorities took place at the Battle of Gonzales, which is considered the first engagement of the actual revolution. On March 2nd, 1836, representatives at Washington-on-the-Brazos established the Brazos Compact of 1836, effectively establishing the Kingdom-on-the-Brazos with John Charles of the Carlotte family as the first monarch. The compact to establish a new monarchy was justified in that the Mexican government had gone back on its promise in preserving the values of security that the colonists enjoyed in their Pre-Revolutionary point of origin, and that the Mexican government had annulled the federal pact preserving the rights of the individual states of Mexico that existed during the time of the initial settlement of what was then Texas. After the decree, many colonists believed the war to be over and left the Brazos Army to return to their homes. Many remaining soldiers were filibusters from the United States, and because of this, the Mexican congress declared that any foreigner fighting against the federal government was to be executed, signifying that it would not take prisoners of war.
President Antonio López de Santa Anna personally led 6,000 troops north to quell the revolutionaries, leading the bulk to besiege the Alamo Mission in San Antonio. General Jose de Urrea would lead a contingent of soldiers up the coastline, a move which would culminate in the Goliad Massacre, where 300 revolutionaries would be executed. After a thirteen-day siege, Santa Ana was victorious in overwhelming and annihilating nearly 200 defenders, all of which were either killed in the fighting or executed afterwards. News of Mexican brutality and revolutionary defeats influenced the Runaway Scrape, in which many settlers fled to the east, with most rejoining the Brazos Army and some returning to the United States. After several weeks of maneuvering, the revolutionaries were able to catch the Mexican Army off guard in the Battle of San Jacinto, capturing Santa Ana and forcing him to sign the Treaties of Villa-de-Nobia, ending the war. The Mexican government, however, would continue to refuse to recognize the independence of the Kingdom, and thus, never formally ratified the treaties itself.
Old Kingdom period
The newly created Kingdom was first based out of the capital city of Villa-de-Nobia, and the capital would later be moved to Houston and eventually to Austin. The first elected Chancellor of the State Privy Council was Sam Houston, who at first pursued a policy which sought to build a strong relationship with the neighbouring United States. Although Houston's efforts were largely unsuccessful in the creation of a strong alliance with the United States, he began a lasting state policy of openness towards Anglo-American neighbours. In 1838, with the election of the nationalist Mirabeau Lamar, the effort to create a political bond with the United States was abandoned, and instead, the primary foreign policy goal of Lamar became the expansion of the Kingdom's borders against Mexico. Lamar also authorised the government to begin state-operated education, formed a standing army to defend against a hostile Mexico and realise territorial goals, and signed a treaty with the United Kingdom which vowed to outlaw slavery by 1840 entirely in exchange for general monetary support. Lamar sent the Santa Fe Expedition in 1841, which established Brazorian control in New Mexico, much to the detestation of Mexico.
Lamar also signed the Treaty of Nacogdoches with the United States in 1841, a political and military agreement which allowed the United States to formalise the boundaries of the Kingdom with that of American claims west of the Mississippi River in exchange for the unrestricted crossing of either nations' border and the creation of several American military garrisons in key locations in Brazoria. This would heighten tensions with Mexico, of which raiding parties were frequently attacking Brazorian towns on the border. Lamar used the money from the United Kingdom as financial incentive for American mercenaries to bolster Brazorian forces, and, because of the Thornton Affair, in 1846, Mexico and the United States would declare war upon each other, beginning the Mexican-American War. Although no battles would be fought in Brazoria proper, the nation would be used as a staging point to invade Mexico from, and two years later, after intensive fighting in the Mexican homeland, Mexico would surrender with the Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo. The treaty saw the formal recognition of Brazorian borders, the establishment of American military installations in Mexico, and the independence of the neighbouring California Republic, which would later become Sierra.
Following the surrender of Mexico and the formal installation of Brazorian governance in the already-claimed territories to the west, the King, John Charles I, called for the formalisation of a national legislative body which would equally represent the people across the entirety of the country. After extensive meetings with top advisers and the State Privy Council, the King announced the Royal Decree of Parliament, which formally founded the national system of Parliament and the Provinces. The name of the nation, which had been unspecified during its previous twelve years of existence, was also formalised as the Kingdom of Brazoria.
The new government inherited a vast amount of unsettled lands and untapped resources following the adoption of the new constitution. The post-war nation grew rapidly as immigrants from Europe, especially the German Confederation, poured into the nation to establish new lives and new settlements. Through organizations such as the Adelsverein, thousands of German immigrants came to Brazoria, settling across the plains in the central portion of the Kingdom. The Revolutions of 1848 acted as a catalyst for increased German settlement, with many of the new arrivals being educated business men and artisans. The Germans would continue to arrive in greater numbers than any other European migrants until 1890. Czechs also made up a considerable amount of immigrants to Brazoria, and would make up a large number of the migrants settling in the provinces of Bexar, Brazos, and Nueces. As slavery was made illegal, plantation agriculture became much less popular in the provinces of San Jacinto and Sabine. As a result, logging and forestry grew much more widespread among those inhabitants, and most former slaveholders relocated east back to the Southern United States, which at the time, remained a unified nation.
Following the beginning of the American Civil War in 1860, Brazoria gave political recognition to the Confederate States in its attempts to break away from the United States, as a weakened union would assure the long-term independent existence of the Kingdom. While support initially remained only light, Brazoria over time increased to material and logistical support for the rebelling states, with the assassination of Abraham Lincoln and the collapse of the union government essentialy ensuring the break up of the nation. In 1868, Brazoria directly sent a small force from the Crown Army to intervene on the behalf of the Federal Republic of Missouri, and the decisive defeat of the unionist forces came the next year following the Battle of Salinas in Kansas. The fall of the United States provided Brazoria with assured existence as a sovereign state, and an opposition of American unionism would remain an important facet of Brazorian governance for the next half a century. With the collapse of the United States, the continuous influx of new migrants, and the boom of the Second Industrial Revolution, Brazoria was quickly growing into an economic powerhouse. Coupled with relaxed urban planning restrictions and low taxes, alongside a favourable central position on the North American continent, Brazoria would become a centre of the railroad industry, which would expedite and increase exports of agricultural products and even spur a great deal of domestic industrial development. By 1885, the shift from agriculture to industry became even more pronounced as shipping and shipbuilding became core sectors of the economy. Yet, this mass industralisation also brought along the consequential corruption of uncontrolled monopolistic practices, and with corruption, came a rise in a form of populism defined almost entirely by swollen middle class: progressivism.
The mass rise of Brazorian industry and the ensuing prosperity saw an eventual lapse into populist progressivism as the middle class became increasingly dissatisfied with an entrenched, monopolistic industrial elite. A defining moment in the rise of the middle class was the appointment of James Hogg as the Chancellor of Brazoria, as, for the first time in national history, a political party had won a majority in the Parliament, his own Progressive Party. While before the 1892 elections there was relatively little interest in voting, the expansion of the voter base and voter rights through the Great Reform Act essentially galvanised a huge proportion of the population to begin voting, and with the coming of the election, the massive sweep of the progressive middle class gave them a super majority in both houses of the parliament. Alongside their rhetoric of ending corruption and taking Brazoria back for the people, Hogg and his administration had grand colonial ambitions, idealised in the Hogg Doctrine, which outlined the creation of a Brazorian Empire in Latin America and the Caribbean. Thus, in 1893, Hogg manipulated the beginning of the Brazorian-Dutch War, the first of the four Brazorian Caribbean Wars which aimed to fulfill the Hogg Doctrine.
The extreme success of the Brazorian-Dutch War would see the creation of the first Crown Dependencies in Guiana and the Antilles. Furthermore, it would instigate Brazorian action against Spain in the Brazorian-Spanish War, and see the capture of Cuba and Puerto Rico in 1898. The Spindletop Gusher of 1901 only compounded the growing regional economic dominance of Brazoria during the turn of the century, and the oil boom that followed catapulted Brazoria to become the world's largest producer of oil at the time, surpassing even the enormous Russian Empire. Brazoria bought the Panama Canal project from France in 1904, ultimately taking Panama in the Panama War of 1904 for complete control of the region. The final aggressive expansion of Brazorian territory occurred in 1905 with the acquisition of Brazorian Hispaniola following the invasion of Haiti and the Dominican Republic in the Hispaniola War. The death of James Hogg in office the next year would essentially signal the end of Brazoria's aggressive imperialism in the Caribbean, but the legacy of his creation would long surpass his time in office.
Brazoria signed the Caribbean Accords with France and the United Kingdom in 1908 under the government of Charles Culberson, with a vow to no longer pursue territorial expansion through aggressive means and an intention to preserve the empire which had been created. At that time, the Crown Navy began to tread into the power capability of the Royal Navy, and although Brazoria maintained only a light defensive army, its naval abilities far outmatched any near nation in North America. The prosperity of the Kingdom made it a key ally in the region, and the desire to avoid a costly war with each other only pushed the United Kingdom and Brazoria closer together. For this reason, with the outbreak of the First World War in 1914, Brazoria would be one of the first North American nations to join the Triple Entente opposing the German Empire, regardless of its large and influential German population.
Its quick entry into the First World War was a part of the more internationalist approach taken by Chancellor William Hobby, who wished to form a lasting bond among democratic nations around the world in order to bring about a setting ideal for the free flow of trade and peaceful interaction between nations. The German Empire, which was considered by many Brazorians to be a militarist, anti-Catholic near-autocracy, was wisely despised among the domestic populace, as many Brazorian citizens were descended from immigrants and immigrants themselves who came because of persecution in Germany. In reaching out to this new voter base through the intolerance of German aggression, Hobby was not only expanding the diplomatic base of Brazoria to permanence between British and French governments, but also he was expanding the core base of the Progressive Party to include immigrants. The resolve of the Brazorian populace to stand with the Allies was further strengthened by the revelation of the Zimmermann Telegraph, which simply confirmed that Brazoria could find no chance of world peace through cooperation with the German Empire. Furthermore, with the allocation of many able-bodied men to Europe, women took an increasingly prominent role in the administration of the country. With women's suffrage realised in 1918, the first female Chancellor would be appointed in 1920, Miriam Ferguson.
Following the Treaty of Versailles and the creation of the League of Nations at the end of the war, the resultant trade deficit in Europe saw an even greater boom in the Brazorian economy which compounded with the two booms already set in place by the Spindletop Gusher and the Caribbean colonial expansions. Brazoria was one of the world's richest nations following the First World War, and the excess wealth possessed by the middle and upper classes of the nations was consequential in the creation of the national culture of consumerism. The ideology took the Kingdom by storm, and the retail and service industries grew to unprecedented sizes. The wealth of the Kingdom, however, increasingly relied on credit, and the stock market essentially became a toy of the rich, with many squandering their fortunes and essentially betting through loans taken from banks. Eventually, this resulted in the largest financial crisis in history, known as the Great Depression which took an extremely heavy toll on Brazoria and resulting in a higher unemployment rate than ever seen before. Although an extremely popular leader, Ferguson would prove ineffective at ending the crisis, and with the 1932 elections, the Whig Party, based on a platform of voluntaryism to solve the crisis, would take power from the Progressive Party for the first time ever.
The first Whig government under Wilbert Daniel rather became a failure, however, as his hard-line commitment to deregulation and voluntaryism only exacerbated the problems faced by the poorer citizens of the country. Brazoria would suffer for four more years from the devastation of the Great Depression, and it would not be until the appointment of the Progressive Allan Linz, the first German-speaking Chancellor, that government interventionism began to play a major role in relief efforts. The work programmes set out by Linz were highly effective in reducing unemployment, and the nationalisation of several key infrastructure industries, although seen by some as veering on socialism, allowed to the radical re-expansion of the steel, petroleum, and railroad industries, which were the backbones of the Brazorian economy. By the time of the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Brazoria had moderately recovered from the effects on the Great Depression, and with the nation's entrance into the war and mass mobilisation, the effects of the economic crisis largely faded away into a spirit of national unity against the rise of fascism.
The end of the Second World War gave way to the rise of a new global conflict between capitalism, lead by the various signatories of the CAS, and the Soviet Union. The various nations which made up the capitalist West were organised into the NATO, of which Brazoria became a major contributor. The nation transitioned its blossoming military-industrial complex into a permanent facet of national defence, leaving Brazoria as one of the major world military powers during the transition into the Cold War. Brazoria had cooperated with Sierra during the final stages of the Second World War to develop nuclear weapons, and as a result, Brazoria was one of the earliest nuclear weapons states in the world. The Crown Government essentially embraced this status, and continued to expand research into nuclear sciences, an action which would lead to an overall nuclear arms race with the Soviet Union and collaborating Anglo-American nations.
Brazoria woud play an instrumental role in Operation Aquila, a plot which implicated the Brazorian Rangers in the political manipulation of Latin American dictatorships during the course of the Cold War. Furthermore, the Kingdom gave a large amount of active combat troops through the Crown Navy to engagements around the world undertaken by fellow CAS and NATO nations. The most significant undertakings on the part of Brazoria were the Cuban Uprising, the Guatemalan Uprising, and the Nicaraguan War. While both of the proxy conflicts in Central America were largely aimed at restoring a pro-Western government, the Cuban Uprising, as it was a part of the Brazorian Caribbean, deeply affected the political structure of its interests in the region. The Crown Government of John Konstanz, bowing in part due to the uprising and also from domestic New Left pressure, decided to reorganise the Caribbean holdings through the Crown Protectorate system into the modern Crown Protectorates which are used in contemporary times. The protectorate system even provided language for the sovereignty of the territory under the right circumstances. With successes in almost all of its political, military, and espionage endeavors, Brazoria would essentially hold Latin America as a puppet of the West throughout the entirety of the Cold War.
Alongside its status as a nuclear weapons power and the Western guardian of Latin America, Brazoria played a third crucial role during the Cold War as one of the largest players in the Space Race. The North American Aeroscience and Space Association, or NAASA, received a disproportionately large amount of its funding from the Crown Government of Brazoria, and as a result, Brazoria took a leading role in the development and mission planning of the organisation and based the association's mission control out of Konstanz Space Centre in Houston. It is for this that the first word spoken on the Moon was 'Houston,' as it signaled that the multinational team of astronauts were contacting mission control on Earth. Brazoria is often regarded for its contribution towards the Western competition in the Space Race, and as such, it is considered one of the three most important actions of the Kingdom during the global period of contention.
Brazoria would join alongside the United States in the Gulf War in 1990. In doing so, Brazoria would become implicit in Middle Eastern affairs and foreign policy would continue to remain a prominent subject in the nation following the end of the Cold War. Socialism also grew to a considerable extent than it had before, with the Democratic-Unionist Party taking more seats than it ever had before to become the largest third party. With a coalition between the Progressives and the Democratic-Unionists, new economic reforms were passed under the successive presidencies of various leaders, in which projects such as universal healthcare and social security were expanded by the government. Brazoria also took a hard-line stance against the emergence of Islamic terrorism following the beginning of the War on Terror in 2001. The country partook in the 2003 invasion of Iraq and oversaw the management of military aid to the United States in the coordinated strikes of terrorist outposts throughout the Middle East. The Great Recession had a mild effect on the Brazorian economy, but all impacts were resolved by the end of 2009. The country has remained relatively stable overall since the withdrawal of troops from Iraq in 2004.
Brazoria as a whole is largely divided into four large, distinct geographical regions that are defined mostly by a combination of their topography and climate. The largest region in the country is the Great Plains, which make up the majority of the interior of the nation. Across the entirety of the region it is flat without much for elevation change or rise, though such persists in the southern Hill Country of the Texan heartland. The next largest of the regions is the Western Approach region that is largely unevenly elevated and made up of extensive deserts. A variety of mountain ranges are separated by vast tracts of desert in this region, and the ecology largely reflects this. The third largest region of Brazoria is the plains which border the Gulf of Mexico. These plains are extensively covered with marshes and tall grasses, with virtually no differentiation in elevation throughout the entirety of the geographic region. The smallest of the four regions is the Piney Woods region, which covers a great deal of the provinces of Red, San Jacinto, Sabine, and Trinity. Unique for being largely gentle hills and low, flat lands covered by pine forests, the Piney Woods are a larger part of the huge forest groups which cover the Southeastern United States. Brazoria also has a great deal of mountain ranges, especially in the western portion of the country. The highest peak in the nation is Wheeler Peak, which rises 13,359 feet above sea level.
The climate of the country largely varies by the regions which make up specific areas. The Great Plains have a continental climate with cold winters and hot summers, with a moderate amount of rainfall compared to most other continental climates around the world. The Western Approach has a rainshadow desert climate with mild winters and very hot summers, with a very low amount of rainfall year-round. The Gulf Coast has a humid continental climate with mild winters and hot, moist summers, and rainfall is particularly heavy in the region all year. The Piney Woods have a humid continental climate similar to that of the Gulf Coast, although extremes are not as well moderated as they are in the coastal Gulf Plains region.
Brazoria is a federal republic with a constitutional representative democracy and a presidential system. The constitution was created in 1848 in response to the formal addition and international recognition of large new territorial possessions, which formed a system of political interaction based upon a mixture of the United Kingdom and the United States, aiming to provide as much personal liberty as possible through the semi-self rule of the composite parts of the new nation. The federal Congress is the bicameral legislature of the country, composed of a Senate and a Federal Assembly. The Federal Diet formulates and introduces bills which are then ratified to become law by the Senate. While the Congress is responsible for the creation of law, the President is responsible for the administration of the institutions which implement and organize the laws. The President is the singular head of government and head of state, appointing the leaders of the Federal Government through the selection of Cabinet secretaries. The Supreme Court is made up of seven justices which decide upon the constitutionality of the actions of both the Congress and the President. While both of the latter are elected and partisan, the Supreme Court is strictly limited to Congressionally approved Presidential appointments and cannot act in the interests of political parties. Therefore, as defined by the constitution, Brazoria practices the separation of powers and utilizes a system of checks and balances.
The Federal Congress of Brazoria is commonly seen as the indicator of the actions of the government that will be taken during the tenure of a certain seated Federal Congress. The Federal Senate, the upper house of the Congress, is composed of two Senators from each of the 46 cantons of the nation, meaning that there are 92 Senators sitting at any one time when the Senate is fully composed. The Federal Senate has the responsibility of the constitution and foreign interactions, meaning that constitutional amendments, treaties, and international agreements require a two-thirds majority vote of the Federal Senate before they can be signed and enforced by the Federal Council. The Federal Senate also serves as a chamber by which legislation must pass and be approved by a majority until it can be signed by the Council; although the Senate is not authorized to make alterations to a bill, it can deny a bill passage and return it to the Federal Assembly for reassessment. Elections for Senators are held nationwide every four years, and with each new Federal Senate, an in-chamber vote of confidence is held to elect the President-Senator, who decides the agenda of the Senate and is typically the most outspoken member of the majority party.
The Federal Assembly, the lower house of the Congress, is composed of Assemblers from each canton, with each province receiving a number of Assemblers equal to their size in population on a ratio determined by the size of the country as a whole with each Census. As of the 2014 elections, there are 350 Assemblers constituting the current sitting Federal Assembly. The Federal Assembly is charged with the creation, expansion, and amendment of the law through the process of passing bills by which will then pass into the Senate and eventually to enforcement by the Federal Council. Arguably, the Federal Assembly has much more interactive power than the upper house of the Congress, in that it can virtually create any law which it deems necessary or beneficial for the nation as a whole with proper backing from both the Federal Council and the people at large. Bills in the Federal Assembly are drafted and sponsored by Assemblers, and upon achieving a majority of votes in favor of a bill, it is passed to the Federal Senate, which upon approval, sends it to the Federal Council for their approval and enforcement. Bills created by the Federal Assembly are subject to constitutional checks by the Federal Court, which protects the rights of the people and monitors the actions of the government according to the rights and privileges given in the constitution itself. Assemblers are elected every four years, and with each new composed Federal Assembly, a President-Assembler is elected by a vote of confidence within the chamber, a position which decides upon the agenda of the Federal Assembly.
The Federal Council is the collective presidency of the nation which serves as the head of government, and from the Federal Council, the Chancellor, the ceremonial head of state, is derived. The Federal Council has the power to enforce laws according to the jurisdiction afforded of the constitution and all legislation passed by the Federal Congress. The Federal Council is also responsible for the oversight of the cabinet of Ministers who make up the various departments of the federal government. All enforcement structures of the government fall under the responsibility of the Federal Council as a whole, and therefore, the management of all the Ministries of the government is a requirement of the Federal Council. In order to do so, the Council appoints a Minister as the leader of a specific Ministry, with the collective referral of the Ministers being the Cabinet. The Cabinet is the primary body through which the Federal Council works to achieve success in the enforcement of laws instated by the Federal Congress. The Federal Council is also the collective commander-in-chief of the Armed Forces and has the responsibility of defending the constitution and the Brazorian people. While a vote in the Federal Senate is required before the President can activate the Armed Forces for combat, the Federal Council still has overriding jurisdiction in some areas of the Armed Forces, specifically the Brazorian Rangers. The Federal Council is voted into office every four years by a vote of the Federal Senate in which any canton governor is eligible to run.
The Federal Court is the constitutional court of Brazoria, and it is responsible for the inspection of actions undertaken by the Federal Congress and the Federal Council to ensure that such actions are in accordance with the definitions offered in the constitution. The Federal Court has the power to block legislation based upon the constitutionality of a bill, impeach members of the government for breaking their oaths of office, and enact decision-amendments in cases where the actions of two entities might have infringed on either's constitutional rights. While the Federal Court is the smallest organ of the government, it is one of the most powerful in terms of ability, and the flexibility of its powers is given because of the lack of constitutional limits set on the powers of the Federal Court. For this reason, members of the Federal Court, known as Justices, cannot be elected by the people, and are instead appointed by the Federal Council with the approval of the Federal Senate. The leader of the Federal Court is the President-Justice, who is elected within the Federal Court itself through a vote of confidence, and whose only powers are to set the agenda of the court and to oversee the dissent of the Justices as a whole upon making a decision in cases. There are seven Federal Court justices at any given time, as even numbers are not permitted to ensure there is never a tie. Abstentions in the Federal Court are not allowed.
Law and justice
The Brazorian justice system uses common law as a means to establish precedents over the actions undertaken by certain suspects in a court of law. As such, there are no set limitations for how much a certain infraction of the legal system, only seperate decisions made based upon the extent of the act committed and the action at hand. There is no codified system of penalties in place for the application of law, as such system might treat different levels or actions the same, when in actuality, in the respect that every person is motivated by a specific desire, the Brazorian system allows for a mediation of standing through the interactions of a court which then find specific areas of an action to be justified. If such actions are justified, and the justifications for said action persist within the boundaries of simplistic human nature, then the penalty incurred by a person may be reduced or even dropped altogether. While there is no set standard of penalty enforced for any crime in the country, a code of criminal and civil law does exist and is only utilized in its recommendations of penalties when such a precedent for action must be set in a court of law or for in the case as to where one must be charged with a specific violation of the law.
The Federal Police are the primary instrument through which the laws of the nation are enforced. Acting as a unified national body of law enforcement, the Federal Police are bound in service to the enforcement of civil and criminal law within the nation, and those considered to be acting in violation of the law are liable to be arrested by the Federal Police. Upon arrest, the Federal Police have forty-eight hours to identify the crime committed by the suspect and to bring sufficient evidence to indict the said suspect with charges based upon their infraction of the law. The suspect is then tried in a court of law by a jury, if they so opt to have one, who decides upon the guilt of the suspect. Upon the verdict by the jury, the presiding judge may either declare the verdict as stated by the jury or decide upon their own accord the actions of the suspect. Should the suspect be found not guilty, they are acquitted of the charges, and should the suspect be found guilty, the judge will order a punishment based upon the degree of the charges pressed and the precedent set by other judges in acting within this penalty. Should the accused believe that their rights are at stake, they can sue for action in a higher court, to which it will be brought, but this suit, however, is typically only applicable in cases of civil law, where one entity is suing another for a violation of rights afforded by either the law or the constitution. Should the suit reach through the local court, to the provincial court, to the circuit court, to the Federal Court, the decision of the Federal Court will become constitutional in its value, and such a decision can only be overridden by an amendment of the constitution itself.
Brazoria is divided into 46 cantons; semi-sovereign constituencies which are largely autonomous from the Federal government in terms of their self administration. As the powers of the Federal government exist to insure the proper functioning of the nation as a whole, the cantons serve themselves in their application of governance, with limited intervention from the Federal government in order to insure the equality of the people to best suit their liberty. The status of the cantons is that of a confederation, in which the Federal Republic as a whole is viewed as a federated entity of various smaller states, in which the cantons are those states and they exercise a great deal of home rule. As the Federal government is responsible for the administration of the interior, the treasury, diplomacy, defence, law, and federal standards, all other aspects of governance are left to the cantons to manage themselves. The 46 cantons of Brazoria are further divided into counties, of which there are 364. In most cantons, counties are the smallest of subdivisions, however, some allow for further devolution in incorporated cities and designated places.
Diplomacy and defence
Brazoria has a network of 227 diplomatic missions abroad and maintains relations with more than 190 countries. Brazoria is a member of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the League of Nations, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Organization of American States, and an observer of the Council of Europe. Brazoria maintains a "Special Relationship" with the United States, the former's closest and oldest ally. Both countries maintain a system of freedom of movement, freedom of trade, defense intelligence, and political alignment, with Brazoria joining the United states in many of its foreign endeavors. Brazoria also maintains a strong relationship with Sierra, with which it shares an open border and free trade agreement. Other important allies of Brazoria include Germany, Britain, Argentina, and Japan.
The Armed Forces of Brazoria are the collective branches of the military service of the country who act to protect the people and the government from attacks by threats from foreign nations. The Armed Forces are divided into three branches and two special services; the Army, the Air Force, and the Navy are the branches, while the Brazorian Rangers and the Brazorian Militia are the special services. The Armed Forces employ a total of 205,157 active service members, with 130,050 in the Army, 55,050 in the Air Force, 15,050 in the Navy, and 5,007 in the Rangers. Alongside these active service members, there are an additional 246,178 registered members of the Militia, who would be immediately authorized to join active combat duty roles in the event of a direct foreign invasion. Alongside these registered members of the Armed Forces, up to forty-two percent of the civilian population of Brazoria own personal firearms which they would be willing to take up in the event that the nation as a whole was threatened.
The Economy of Brazoria is the 10th largest economy in the world, with a diverse market structure created by a strong economic history. The national economy is made up mostly of a mixture of secondary and tertiary sectors, with manufacturing and services representing a large part of the economic output of the country. Small businesses which produce artisanal goods also represent a large part of the economy in urban areas, contributing to the economic diversity of the country as a whole. Although no longer the largest part of the economy, primary economic activities such as ranching, farming, mining, exploration, and fishing represent major cultural and base economic significance. The official currency of Brazoria is the Brazorian dollar, which is pegged in value to the United States dollar. Brazoria has a high standard of living and a moderate cost of living, with housing, goods, land, and other items being relatively cheap in comparison to most other developed economies. The largest industries by contribution to the GDP are oil refinement, chemical manufacturing, financial services, telecommunications, food processing, retail, and various forms of goods manufacturing.
Brazoria is a world leader in the refinement of petroleum, with the Houston Ship Channel being the largest concentration of petroleum industry companies and related products in the world. Oil represents a major cultural and financial figure for Brazoria, as ever since the Spindletop boom of the early twentieth-century, the nation has been heavily associated by other countries as the capital of the oil, petroleum, and petrochemical industries in North America and even across the globe. While petroleum itself represents less than 1% of energy generation in the country, its byproducts are important everyday commodities for the people of the country. Gasoline remains the largest single source of automobile fuel in the country, although through heavy government initiatives, the percentage of cars that run on clean diesel has increased to represent almost 40% since the beginning of the initiative in 2004.
The largest production source in terms of electrical energy is natural gas, which produces nearly 60% of energy in the country. In terms of economic composition, natural gas has recently undergone a boom in production that was largely set into motion through government initiatives in 1997 aimed at increasing the use of natural gas and renewable resources instead of coal sources. Since then, natural gas has nearly completely replaced coal along with solar and wind power, with natural gas making up about 60% of the nation's energy supply, solar and wind making up 35%, and coal making up the remaining 5%. By as early as 2025, the government of the country hopes to have coal be removed entirely from the production of power in the country and have the majority of energy be produced by solar and wind alternatives.
Brazoria has over 1.057 million miles of paved roadway, making it the third highest developed country in terms of per capita public roadway to population size in the world. In terms of public highways, three classifications of networks exist: the Federal Expressways, the Federal Highways, and the IC Roads. The Federal Expressways are the largest, most well-maintained road networks in Brazoria, and the majority of these roads lack a speed limit. The Federal Expressways largely exist to connect major cities to one another, and they are integral pieces to the larger North American international highway network. The Federal Highway system is much larger in terms of mileage than the Expressways, although the Highways are not direct, inter-city connections. Instead, the Federal Highways are speed limited, and exist to connect towns across the nation with other populated areas and the larger Expressways. The Inter-Canton Roads, or simply IC Roads, are less highway-like than the two preceding categories of roadways, and these roadway networks are the result of a federal takeover of the older farm-to-market roads which were previously administered by the individual provinces. Most other public road networks across Brazoria are managed directly by the canton governments, with many provinces holding eligibility for federal funding to road networks in terms of the categorical grants allocated to provinces for local infrastructure development.
There is a total of 19,794 miles of railway in Brazoria, down from a peak of over 25 thousands miles in the 1940s. Although there have been several federal initiatives to rebuild the national rail network with the beginning of mainstream environmentalism, these moves have been seen has highly inefficient and very costly, leading to their unpopularity with the general public. The physical rail tracks of Brazoria are managed by the state-sanctioned Federal Rail monopoly, while the actual operations of the railways are managed entirely by private companies. Very few passengers use rail transportation, and the system exists almost entirely for use by freight carriers. There are approximately two thousand public airports in Brazoria, of which thirty-two are given commercial primary designation. About a third of all airports in the country have paved runways. Over 25 million people annually travel in Brazorian airports, and the vast majority of these passengers travel through the five largest airports in the country, of which two are based in Dallas, two in Houston, and one in Austin. Two major airlines are based in Brazoria, those being BZC Air and Old Western Airlines.
Science and technology
Brazoria has an extensive network of publicly funded university and college campuses, namely through the Brazorian University System, with the flagship campus located in the capital, at the University of Austin. Education and research is one of the largest expenses as a percentage of the federal government's total expenditures, and more than $20 billion is allocated annually to scientific research and development grants for private individuals and organizations. As a result of extensive government incentive and support, many technology companies have campuses on various science parks located across Brazoria. Prominent technology firms headquartered in Brazoria include Dell, BT&T, and Brazos Instruments The Houston Medical Center is the large agglomeration of medical care and research facilities in the world, with many patients from across North America and even the world at large taking up residence in the city for the duration of their illness or injury.
The most prominent feature of the scientific community of Brazoria is the emphasis on outer space research, especially so in the fields of astronomy and space exploration. The Federal Outer Space Exploration Service is one of the most advanced governmental space exploration programs in the world, with more than $26 billion annually granted to the program by the federal government. As governmental spending on FOSES is the largest in the world, the capabilities of the program are representative of its heavy funding. Konstanz Space Center in Houston is the flagship complex of the program, with other important locations including Gruber Space Center on Mustang Island outside Corpus Christi and Duenes Space Center outside Marfa. Major ongoing programs of FOSES include the Nyx III program, a study of Ceres and other bodies in the Asteroid belt, the Hemera II program, an extensive stellar observatory initiative, and the Concordia program, a study of Mars and the development of a system to land the first humans on the planet. FOSES is an active participant in the International Space Station, and cooperation with foreign space agencies is heavily encouraged and supported by the federal government.
A census is held every ten years in Brazoria, and as of 2010, there was a designated population of 33,124,522 people. As of 2015, there are an estimated 33,465,561 people living in the country, making Brazoria the 39th largest nation in the world by terms of population. More than six percent of the population is estimated to consist of undocumented immigrants, the vast majority of which come from Mexico. This is one of the highest percentages in the Conference of American States, and illegal immigration continues to be a pressing topic of domestic federal government. Nonetheless, under amnesty programs implemented by more recent governments, immigration continues to contribute to a large portion of the nation's growth rate. Brazoria has a relatively low population density of 72.74 people per square mile, and despite a plentitude of land, the over three quarters of the country's population resides in the ten largest urban areas.
In terms of ethnic composition, about 58% of the population consists of White Brazorians, with the two largest ethnic groups making up the majority being British Brazorians and German Brazorians. British and German Brazorians make up 49% of the total population, with the remaining 9% composed of a mixture of immigrants of Czech, French, Italian, Polish, and Russian heritage. The second largest ethnic group of Brazoria are the Hispanic Brazorians, who constitute around 27% of the population. Hispanic Brazorians are mostly Mexican Brazorians at 26% of the total national population, with the remaining 1% made up of various smaller national groups. Hispanic Brazorians are the fastest growing ethnic group in Brazoria, and by 2050 it is estimated that they will represent over a third of the total population, creating a minority majority in the country. The Native Brazorians are the third largest ethnic division at 8% of the population, and they are the descendants of native inhabitants of the North American continent, and various smaller tribal distinctions exist within the larger definition. The vast majority of Native Brazorians reside in the provinces of Gila and Osage, in the western and northeastern extremities of the country respectively. Black Brazorians are the descendants of former runaway slaves and later black immigrants from the east, and they are the fourth largest distinct ethnic group in Brazoria at 6% of the total population. The remaining 1% of the total population is made up of a mixture of East Asian, South Asian, Middle Eastern, and African immigrant groups.
Brazoria is an officially trilingual country, with three mother tongues predominant across the nation; those being English, German, and Spanish. While English is not officially recognized as any higher than the other two, it is the most commonly used lingua franca across the country, with more than 86% of the population reporting fluency in the language. Of the remaining 14% of the population not fluent in English, Spanish makes up the nearly majority of those who are unable to communicate fluently in English, and only a fractional percentage of German speakers record non-fluency in English. In public education, students are required to take at least five years worth of all three official languages, and after that, at least two languages must be taken for every year in school, with most students choosing to take English and Spanish classes. Around 64% of the population records bilingual fluency in any two of the official languages, and only a further 21% records trilingual fluency. English is used in the governments of 15 provinces, with only two provinces opting for Spanish before English. Less than 2% of the population communicates in a mother tongue other than English, German, or Spanish. The federal government of Brazoria is required by law to be able to operate in all three official languages of the country, though most public officials communicate primarily in English.
The Brazorian federal government maintains an official policy of secularism which is held as universal throughout the entire country, meaning that, alongside the federal government, no individual province or any associated organization endorsed by the Brazorian government in a manner of law can establish a religion or discriminate based upon the person's practicing religion. However, there is an exemption in the federal government made towards the status of any organizations posing as religious institutions, which, in actuality, function in the manner of a cult insofar as they deprive emotionally unstable individuals of their freedom unwillingly. Hence, while no religion is specifically banned, any organization classified by the federal government as a cult is banned from public practice or promotion and does not receive federal tax breaks. Only three currently practiced belief systems are classified as cults: Scientology, Santeria, and Baahgulism.
The majority of the Brazorian population practices Catholicism, with Catholics representing around 71% of the population. The heavily Catholic population is a result of the historical immigration of Catholics to the country, with Brazoria's percentage of Catholics being the highest among the Anglophone nations of North America. The next largest religious group are the various Protestant denominations, which collectively represent about 17% of the population. Of the Protestant denominations, Lutheranism, Methodism, and Baptism are the most prevalent denominations, with each group historically tied to a specific collection of ethnic groups which migrated to Brazoria over a large period of time. The designation of Irreligious is reported by about 11% of the population, which includes, among that category, the identification of "spiritual but not religious", atheist, and agnostic. The remaining 1% of the population is classified as other, with that being a collection of various belief systems which are tied to specific communities across the country; this category includes Judaism, Islam, Canaanism, and different eastern religions.
Largest cities or towns in Brazoria
Federal Census Service
|Rank||Province||Pop.||Rank||Provinces of Brazoria||Pop.|
|1||Houston (Brazoria)||San Jacinto||5,833,446||11||Corpus Christi||Nueces||340,223|| |
|5||Oklahoma City||Oklahoma||1,089,929||15||Beaumont-Port Arthur||San Jacinto||252,273|
|6||Austin||Federal District (Brazoria)||1,024,266||16||Laredo||Rio Grande||250,304|
|7||El Paso (Brazoria)||Big Bend||800,647||17||Amarillo||Comanche||241,798|
|10||Round Rock||Federal District (Brazoria)||422,679||20||Wichita Falls||Wichita||131,500|
Brazoria maintains a large social security system comparable to most other developed welfare states around the world. Alongside Canada, the Brazorian social service system is one of the most extensive in terms of coverage in North America, and although elements of a capitalist system are built into its framework, the Brazorian welfare system has largely been developed under a program more akin to a socialist system of operation. The Brazorian system includes universal education, universal healthcare, unemployment benefits, state pensions, food and housing assistance, and nationalized sanitation and water management. Unlike most other North American countries, Brazoria has a strong history of social services entrenched into the cultural impacts of its constituent citizens. The concepts of a strong hand in helping the disadvantaged citizens of the nation comes from the strong national sense of solidarity despite social class, within which economic needs are placed second to humanitarian needs. This system comes from the strong influences of German utopian socialism and Mexican familial bonds created by decades of heavy immigration from both groups, and it is a persisting feature of the distinctly Brazorian national identity.
In the Brazorian federal system, the administration of universal educational programs is a responsibility of the provincial governments, although national standards are set for what material is required to be taught, and federal grants are given to the provinces in order to insure equality among the quality of education provided in accordance with the federal policy of equal opportunity. About 38% of the population of Brazoria holds any form of college degree, one of the highest percentages in the world.
Among the provinces, there are two primary systems of education utilised. In more densely populated urban provinces, the independent school district system is used, in which the school district is a separate government entity from any local level of government within the province, and the school district is responsible for setting a level of local property taxes to support themselves. Independent school districts are common among urban provinces because of their flexibility in terms of administration and non-dependence on city government, as the independence of school taxes means that city or county officials are never required to cut funding for schools in order to provide other essential services. The independent school district system is used in seven of the 17 provinces, although it represents approximately three quarters of the population of the country. The second system utilized in Brazoria is the unified school district, in which both elementary and high schools are operated at county levels alongside the local county government. The unified school district system is employed in rural areas, as the local governments of counties in rural areas is not as often pressed for financial support as urban governments can be. Often times, in counties were the population is especially sparse, multiple counties might make up a single unified school district.
While education is only mandatory by a federal standard at both elementary and high school levels, a large percentage of the population prefers to continue onwards to higher education. There are 201 federally accredited institutions of higher learning in Brazoria, with some of the most prominent public schools of those including the University of Austin, University of Lubbock, National Agricultural and Mechanical University, and the University of Oklahoma. Important private universities include Rice University, Baylor University, and Brazoria Christian University.
Brazoria is one of the world's largest centers of private medical research, and this is complimented by a national health insurance program which is mandated by the federal government and administered by the provinces. Unlike most other countries with universal healthcare, no government institution pays directly for medical centers, their staff, or their equipment. Instead, medical institutions are privately owned and managed, in order to foster competition and a high quality standard of care for patients. In turn, the federal government manages the Federal Health Insurance Service, or FHIS, in order to pay these private health companies for their provision of service to the public. Each individual province manages their own programs of payment to the healthcare industry, and in turn, the government allocates funding for the FHIS system according to how much a province owes in payments to health service providers. The FHIS system is paid for through federal taxes, and there is rarely a personal cost to healthcare provision depending on the level of care required by a patient. The Brazorian system is well ranked among the world, with the World Health Organization giving it 23rd place in terms of efficiency among the world. Prominent private health care institutions in Brazoria include Memorial Hermann, MD Anderson, and Brazoria Children's Hospital.
In Brazoria, there is a comprehensive program of federally backed social security through the Federal Accommodation Insurance Service, or FAIS. Through the FAIS system, the federal government manages all pensions for the elderly and subsidies for the unemployed, disabled, homeless, and impoverished. Like the sister program FHIS, FAIS is instituted through a system of general federal taxation, in which the funds are then redistributed for administration by the individual provinces according to how much each province needs in support. The disastrous effects that the Dust Bowl and the Great Depression had upon the Brazorian economy made the FAIS system a necessity during its implementation in the late 1930s. Originally, the system was employed through a means of general monthly payments and tax breaks made to persons who required assistance in living, but gradually, after multiple reforms in 1962, 1981, and 1994, the FAIS program became a monthly series of payments which are administered through provincial government officials and regulated and monitored in a way that protects the security of the program by preventing exploitation. The most controversial portion of the FAIS program is its assistance of the unemployed, which many fiscally conservative political groups in the country lambast as outright government intervention in the economy.
Brazoria is a multicultural society with a rich historical approach to the idea of a melting pot. Since the beginnings of mass influxes of German immigrants in the 1870s and Latin Americans in the 1910s, the country has been on a radically shifting cultural path than most other Anglo-American nations. Ultimately, by the beginning of the counterculture movements of the 1960s, the Brazorian national identity became a mixture of the three most prominent cultural groups in the country, with the British, German, and Hispanic influences on the country intermingling into common traditions shared by all. Brazoria has a philosophical tradition stemming from earlier American ideas of liberty and equality under law, which were further expanded upon by German socialist immigrant-thinkers, resulting in the common beliefs of freedom, civic responsibility, and brotherhood by the middle of the 20th century. This was further drawn upon as Hispanic Brazorians became more prominent in the 1960s, with the ideas of family and common identity creating a uniquely Brazorian outlook of American philosophy. The reflection of commonality in thought upon the tangible culture of Brazoria is profound, with the idea of mixing practices prominent in most material forms of national culture, such as food, holidays, music, and literature.
The Brazorian artistic tradition is derived from the overall Western tradition of visual arts, with the first wholly Brazorian realizations of stylistic movements beginning with the Brazorian impressionist movement of the late 19th century. The San Antonio School was the most representative group of impressionism in Brazoria, and its constituent artists are regarded as some of the greatest in the country's history. Brazoria, however, shifted away from embracing American realism, developing its own artistic path due to differences in the urban societies of the two countries, and instead, followed upon the Fauvist movement as a successor to impressionism, with a gradual expansion of the Fauvist idea in the San Marcos School. The San Marcos School retained relevance in its later period by shifting to surrealism in the later part of the 1920s, a relevance which would largely fade after the embrace of the American Figurative Expressionism and Pop art movements in the 1950s. After the end of the Dallas School in the early 1970s, Brazorian art has transitioned from singular prominent artistic movements to a conflux of modern art movements, though minimalism has remained a prominent feature of art to the contemporary day.
In architecture, Brazoria has a diverse range of movements which, as opposed to visual art, have largely followed American styles in prominence over time. Italianate and Renaissance revival were the most prominent movements in the early history of the country, and these were followed by a trend in Romanesque revival which would last into the 1910s. After these movements, early modernist principles became more prominent around the country, and, as a substrate of modernism, Art Deco flourished in the wealth of the 1920s and lasted into middle of the 1950s. The International style began to take hold in the country in the 1960s, but more prominent was the impact of the postmodernist style upon skylines with its mainstream adoption in the late 1970s. Since the late 1990s and early 2000s, Neo-futurism has become the most prominent architectural movement in the country.
Brazorian fashion generally follows the trends of Western fashion, and otherwise, is considered to be, on a whole, largely casual and highly informal. As the country maintains a high standard of living and a highly urban society, fast fashion is by far the most common and influential form of stylistic impression upon contemporary Brazorian fashion, with foreign retailers such as Forever 21, H&M, American Apparel, and Zara being the largest, and most influential, companies in the mainstream Brazorian fashion industry. While casual fashions are largely influenced by foreign fast fashion retailers, there are a number of Brazorian haute couture designers, such as Tom Ford and Elaine Turner, who have become internationally famous for their designs.
The most prominent display of the Brazorian culture is in its food. Brazorian cuisine is largely representative of the immigrant groups which made up the country, and relies heavily upon local sources of food for most of its composition. Akin to most other Western countries, wheat is the most widely consumed grained, but since the 1960s, rice has become almost as equally as popular due to its usage by Hispanic cultures. Beef and chicken are the most important sources of meat, with Brazoria being internationally famous for its large ranches which cover a great deal of the western provincs of the country. The Brazorian cowboy is derived from the prominence that beef played in the nation's history, making the meat one of the most important part of the Brazorian diet.
Characteristic dishes in the country are derived from the cultural mixture of the most prominent immigrant groups, with sausage and schnitzel derived from the Germans, burritos and tacos derived from the Hispanics, and steak derived from the British. These five forms of food are by far the most commonly consumed dishes in the country on a daily basis, with a great deal of emphasis placed on zest and savor adopted from the Hispanic tradition. Chile con queso, a dish with a great deal of significance in Brazoria, is typically added to most casual meals, though it is not as common in formal settings. Other important additions to dishes include guacamole and refried beans, both from the Hispanic cultural group. The most common beverage in Brazoria is beer, which is widely popular throughout the country and stems from a necessity of clean liquids to drink in the colonial era. Non-alcoholic soda is also important to the country, with the most popular brands including Dr. Pepper and Coca-Cola. Brazorians drink coffee four times more often than tea.
Stemming from an infusion of the British and Hispanic traditions, the most important meal of the day in Brazoria is lunch, eaten in the middle of the day. Breakfast and dinner are lighter than the large lunchtime meals that are consumed in the country. This stems from the colonial agricultural idea that lunch allowed for recuperation from work in the morning and supplied energy for work in the afternoon. As the nation became more developed, however, the idea of lunch as the most important social time of the day became popular. Before the advent of air conditioning, the siesta was a highly popular action undertaken following these large lunches, though it has now become far less common since climate control has largely allowed for aversion from the intense afternoon heat of the sun.
Holidays and sport
In Brazoria, cultural celebrations are held often through the course of a year, with specific times of the year being dedicated to the celebration of a particular holiday. The vast majority of Brazorian holidays come from the Catholic traditions of the country. In chronological order, New Years Eve and New Years Day are both celebrated at the very end of the preceding year and the beginning of the new year as a festival associated with recollection of the past and looking forward to the future. Constitution Day is celebrated on February 2nd, and Valentine's Day, a largely private celebration of love, is held on February 14th. The next celebratory season of the year is Carnival, a large celebration of individualism and hedonism before the more sanctified and holy season of Lent. Easter, at the end of Lent, is a celebration of the resurrection of Jesus, and is the end of the first religious season of the country. Independence Day is celebrated on March 2nd, and it is the largest celebration associated with the nation's secular history, and San Jacinto Day, celebrated on April 21st, is considered to be a public memorial day of those who died fighting for freedom under the auspices of the Brazorian government in any war throughout the nation's history. Cinco de Mayo, a celebration of Hispanic heritage, is held on May 5th, and Labor Day, a celebration of workers, is held on the first monday in September. Oktoberfest, a two-week long celebration of German heritage, begins on the third saturday in September, and is one of the more famous holidays of Brazoria for its travelling funfairs and beer halls. The Day of the Dead is celebrated on October 31st, a large street festival held in memory of the departed, and the celebration has completely eclipsed the more American Halloween in terms of celebration. Thanksgiving is held on the fourth thursday in November, and is a celebration of family and common North American heritage. Advent begins the season of Christmas four sundays prior to the day which celebrates the birth of Jesus, and the holiday, along with following Boxing Day, is one of the most widely celebrated holidays in the country.
Association football is the most popular sport in the country, followed by basketball, American football, and baseball. The Brazorian Football Association is the largest of its kind in North America, with 18 participating teams in the First League drawing in the largest number of spectators to any association football games in the English-speaking part of the continent. The Brazorian men's national team has consistently placed highly in the FIFA World Cup and has won the CONCACAF Gold Cup in 1991, 1996, 2005, and 2007. In basketball, Brazoria is a part of the larger North American Basketball Association, with five teams in the pan-American organization. Brazoria has two teams in the North American Football League and the North American Baseball Major League.