|Motto: Obzoxillivihiaq Efells Axehjalania (Unity Through Milleniums)|
South Callynian (extinct)
- Total sq km
- 5000 BC
- 2000 BC
- 1000 BC
- 300 BC
The Protocallynians (13000 BC - 9000 BC)
The earliest Protocallynians were believed to have emerged around 13000 BC on the Kola peninsula. Around that time, there were around one million of them. The Protocallynians were divided into five main subtribes: the Ferrans, the Ijulicans, the Heliaqians, the Yverans (ansestors of modern Callynians) and the Filanians. All of them pretty much had the same culture, religion and food sources; however, each of the 5 subtribes had their own "subculture". For example, the Heliaqians, which lived on the eastern shore of lake Onega, ate more herbs and large animals, unlike the Yverans and Ijulicans, which satisfied themselves with fish from the Barents Sea. Filanians ate mostly small tundra animals.
The Heliaqians were the only Protocallynians to make permanent settlements. Most others, depending on their food source or sharp climate changes, for example, moved from one place to another. But, some moved more often or more rarely than others. The Ferrans, living in the "middle regions", where the winters are too cold to set up felt tents and summers are too warm to build igloo-like homes (such as the Yverans and Ijulicans), usually dug caves (called hjuikolia, literally winter home) in the ground. Each person dug a hjuikolia for himself, since the permafrost wouldn't let you go too deep and dig one for the whole family or clan. The entrance in the hjuikolia was an opening just large enough for a person to get through. The clan's hjuikolias were usually not to far away from each other, and this whole system was protected by guards. The role of human guards was substituted by a row of really sharp rocks or with strings tied around them leading to the chief defender's hjuikolia; this way, any intruder trying to sneak in would get tangled up, and later get his head chopped off and used (sorry for being so descriptive) by the chief defender himself and fed to watchdogs. It was always a horrible scene.
During late spring and summer, the ground thaws and becomes muddy, which causes the Ferrans to move out of their homes. The clan leader choses wether to go south, where "summer" is already in progress, or north, where spring never comes. If they chose to go south, they set up tents, just like the Heliaqians.
Yverans and Ijulicans
As mentioned above, the Yverans and Ijulicans both lived in igloo-like homes called riulud