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Canada
Flag of Canada
Flag
2000px-Canada (orthographic projection)2
Location of Canada
Capital Ottawa
45°24′N 75°40′W
Largest city Toronto
Official languages English and French
Government Federal parliamentary republic with a consitutional monarchy
• King
Albert I
• State-General
Alexandra Laval
Legislature Parliament
Senate
Representatie Chamber
Formation
• 
July 1, 1867
• Current Consitution
September 11, 1911
Area
• Total
11,702,524 km2 (4,518,370 sq mi) (2)
• Water (%)
22.69
Population
• Estimate
39,916,800
• Census
2012
GDP (PPP) 2012 estimate
• Total
$1.9 trillion
• Per capita
$47,599
GDP (nominal) 2012 estimate
• Total
$2.898 trillion
• Per capita
$72,601
Gini (2012) 37.6
medium
HDI (2012) 0.910
very high
Currency Canadian Dollars(C$) (CAD)
Time zone Various (UTC-3.5 to -8)
• Summer (DST)
 (UTC-2.5 to -7)
Date format mm-dd-yyyy, mm-dd-yyyy, and yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Calling code +1
Internet TLD .ca
Canada is a North American country consisting of 14 provinces and a special capital area. Canada covers 11.7 million square kilometers, which makes it the second largest country in the world.

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