Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó
Official language Mandarin Chinese
Capital Beijing
Largest city Shanghai
Area 7,987,103 km²
Population 1 429 010 000
Density 179/km²
Independence Succeeded Republic of C.
October 1, 1949
General Secretary of the Communist Party
Communist one-party state
Xi Jinping

China is the world's most populous country and the second greatest economy. This equatorial country borders (counterclockwise from Sea of Japan) Siberia, Mongolia, Altai, Kazakstan, Uighurstan, Pakistan, India, Tibet, Myanmar, Laos and Vietnam.


Central China is mountainous, otherwise China is generally flat. Northern parts are rainforest.


China of more than billion people has many cities of over million inhabitants. The biggest are:

  • Shanghai, 36 million
  • Beijing, 16 million
  • Guangzhou, 9 million
  • Chongqing, 9 million
  • Xianggang, 8 million
  • Nanjing, 7.2 million
  • Taipei, 6.9 million
  • Dunhuang, 6.7 million