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Conservative Party
Leader Madeline Woods
Founded 1891
Headquarters Baynes House, 106 Constitution Drive, Topstad, FD
Membership International Democrat Union
Ideology Conservatism
Market liberalism

The Conservative Party of Georgeland is the largest and oldest political party in the United Islands of Georgeland. It is the largest by far of any of Georgeland's centre-right parties. The Conservatives are usually referred to, both by themselves and others, as "The Tories". The Conservatives have governed Georgeland numerous times, most recently from 2007 to 2010. The Conservative government of Luke Macaulay was defeated at the 2010 election; no Conservative government has been re-elected since 1966. They hold 124 seats in the House of Commons and 30 seats in the Senate The party's present federal leader is the Hon. Madeline Woods MP, who has been leader since January 28, 2015. Woods is presently Leader of the Opposition. At the state level, the Conservatives govern four states; Bradmarch, Capitalia, Delmago Island and West Mainland). The Conservative Party is a member of the International Democrat Union.

The party's official colour is blue, and is represented by blue on electoral maps and in electoral graphics.

History

Prior to about 1875, Georgeland did not have a formalised party system in its colonial Assembly. Instead, members formed into several 'factions', largely but not entirely divided around the issues of trade, independence and financial matters. The two largest of these factions came to be known as the 'liberal' and 'conservative' blocs but were largely based upon the personal leadership of individual politicians.

In 1868, Philip Cooper became Chief Minister at the head of a government drawn largely from the conservative faction, with trade policies advocating free trade. Cooper's opponents in the Assembly were largely protectionists, and the distinct two-party divide dates from roughly this period. Though Cooper is generally considered to have been a Conservative Chief Minister, he was never formally the leader of the Conservative Party as a formal organisation.

The foundation of the Conservative Party was the joint effort of Richard Manor, Cooper's protege, and Alexander Newman. Both men had come to admire the distinct partisan system present in the United States and the United Kingdom and, at the general election of 1879, led between them a united Conservative Party, with all candidates pledged to follow a united platform. The electoral rules at the time being somewhat different, the party did not have 'members' as such and candidates themselves chose to be known as Conservatives. The party won the election and chose Manor as Chief Minister, with Newman as Colonial Secretary and Treasurer (effectively Manor's deputy).

It soon followed that the non-Conservative members of the Assembly formed their own united party, the Liberal Protectionist Party, though it would be decades before they enjoyed significant political success. Just two years after coming to power the Conservative administration collapse (it did not have a full majority in the Assembly) and Manor resigned, but in 1885, under Newman, the party returned to power. One of Newman's acts as Chief Minister was to table the first Electoral Act which formally established political parties.

Though 1879 is generally given as the year the Conservative Party was founded, technically speaking it was not until the Electoral Act of 1886 that the party became formally registered and adopted its Constitution.

Modern period

Today

Image

The Tories have tried hard to shake the 'blustering' image of the 1980s and 1990s. Prime Minister Campbell Rhodes once described them as 'the party that writes angry letters to the paper'. The party has a reputation for railing against change and social ills but offering little as an alternative. Due to a series of scandals in the 1990s, the Tories have also been plagued by charges of corruption and misdemeanour, much as their British counterparts, though this attitude is changing. In recent years, the Liberal Democrats and their predecessors on the left have tried to paint the Tories as dangerous extremists, who will trample on civil liberties and abolish unions. This message resonates with many due to Tory actions in the past and key elements of the party manifesto. The influence of the Roman Catholic Church on the Conservative Party has also not helped their image, with their opponents painting them as puppets of the Church. While this message is popular with non-Catholics, it only strengthens support among Catholics. With the recent LDP infighting, however, the Conservatives have come to be seen as the inherently stable party and the party with the most discipline and consistent policies. This has won over some voters. The Conservatives have suffered also for their support of the Iraq War to oust Saddam Hussein. Though initially popular among many for this support, as the war dragged on and evidence of Weapons of Mass Destruction in Iraq evaporated, the Tories came to be seen as little more than the Georgeland mouthpiece of the Bush Administration. This image has been reinforced somewhat by Richardson's visits to Washington and meetings with George W. Bush.

Policies

The Conservatives are a party of the right-wing, or possibly centre-right depending on your definition. In general, the Tories believe in small government, a strong military, a pro-U.S. foreign policy, 'traditional family values' and increased security to combat terrorism.

Leaders

No. Name Entered office Left office Born-died
1Sir Robert Pearce1 July 189118 August 190313 March, 1835 - 21 September, 1912
2Sir Norman Calloway25 August 190311 March 191213 January 1843 - 4 November 1921
3Gregory Green 11 March 191217 April 191915 Fetduary,1860 - 13 November, 1938
4David Turner 17 April 19193 December 19214 January 1848 - 3 December 1921
5Frederick Eccles 3 December 19216 October 19321 May 1851 - 6 October 1932
6James Gray 6 October 193221 April 19377 July 1870 - 21 April 1937
7Bertram Powell 21 April 193724 June 193821 September 1880 - 4 October 1964
8Harold Knight 24 June 193819 March 194416 October 1885 - 30 September 1956
9Henry Baker 19 March 19441 September 194811 November 1890 - 3 May 1977
10Bradford Smith 1 September 19481 October 19535 April 1895 - 6 June 1960
11Stanley Baynes 1 October 19534 August 19655 September 1903 - 17 January 1974
12Thomas Hunter 4 August 19657 May 196614 Fetduary 1914 - 16 September 1983
13Zachary Tamworth 7 May 196613 April 19671 December 1900 - 15 March 1995
14Thomas Richardson 13 April 196710 September 19701 May 1909 - 7 July 1984
15Robert Fisch 10 September 197028 December 19836 July 1929 - 17 May 1993
16Eric Edge 28 December 198316 May 19879 Fetduary 1932 -
17David O'Reilley 16 May 19879 April 199218 June 1940 -
-Eric Edge 9 April 199220 October 19959 February 1932 -
18Shawn Hedges 20 October 199516 April 199717 December 1941 -
19Michael Fisch 16 April 19972 August 199916 March 1954 -
20Benedict Ingram 2 August 199923 July 200113 July 1940 -
21Mary Byrne 23 July 200116 October 2002May 15 1949 -
-Michael Fisch 16 October 2002October 1 200316 March 1954 -
22Sam Richardson October 1 200316 April 20063 January 1951 - 16 April 2006
23Luke Macaulay 16 April 200612 August 2010May 16 1963 -
24James Bradford 12 August 20106 December 201112 December 1960 -
25Matthieu Solberg 6 December 20118 August 20131 February 1958 -
26Lisa Chan 8 August 201328 January 2015 6 May 1964 -

<tr bgcolor="#FFE8E8"><td>27</td><td>Madeline Woods </td><td>8 August 2013</td><td>28 January 2015 </td><td>3 October 1977 -</td></tr> </table>

Deputy Leaders

The position of deputy leader dates only from 1966, when the party constitution was changed to allow the existence of an official deputy leader. Prior to this, individual members of the parliamentary party had been considered as unofficial deputies in government or opposition, or had been designated as the "number two" person in the Cabinet or Shadow Cabinet, but held no official party position as such.

Prior to 1966

The following people were considered as de facto deputies to the Conservative leader.

No. Name Entered office Left office Born-died
-Edward Hollows c. 1891c. 189415 March 1840 - 7 December 1911
-Norman Calloway c. 1898c. 190327 October 1847 - 11 January 1915
-John Frost c. 1903c. 19106 October 1855 - 18 December 1942
-Frederick Eccles c. 19153 December 1921May 1 1857 - 6 October 1932
-James Gray c. 19246 October 19327 July 1870 - 21 April 1937
-Harold Knight c. 193424 June 193816 May 1881 - 19 March 1966
-Henry Baker c. 194019 March 194419 October 1888 - 2 February 1956
-Stanley Baynes c. 19501 October 19535 September 1903 - 17 January 1974
-Jack Grady 1 October 195317 April 196010 March 1909 - 17 April 1960
-Arthur Leyton c. 19623 July 19661 June 1898 - 15 May 1973

Since 1966

No. Name Entered office Left office Born-died
1James McKinney 3 July 19661 March 197019 August 1910 - 17 October 1990
2George Prentice 1 March 197023 January 197520 May 1922 -
3John Staples 23 January 197514 April 197910 September 1930 -
4Gordon Freeman 14 April 197916 July 198218 December 1933 -
5Frank Kearney 16 July 198228 December 198317 April 1934 - 17 August 2007
-John Staples 28 December 19831 October 198710 September 1930 -
6Peter Briers 1 October 198716 May 199023 June 1938 -
7Shawn Hedges 16 May 199020 October 199517 December 1941 -
8Matthew Tulley 20 October 199516 April 19976 January 1942 -
9David Shore 16 April 199719 March 200020 November 1948 -
10Peter Cranbourne 19 March 200023 July 20017 May 1951 -
11Nick Sheridan 23 July 200119 October 200415 May 1961 -
12Luke Macaulay 19 October 20046 May 200616 May 1963 -
13Martin Higgins 6 May 200612 August 20106 May 1949 -
14Mary Byrne 12 August 20108 August 2013 15 May 1949 -

<tr bgcolor="#FFE8E8"><td>15</td><td>Michael Armstrong </td><td>8 August 2013</td><td>Incumbent</td><td>30 September 1956 -</td></tr> </table>

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