Eastern Sahara Armed Forces
الصحراء الشرقية للقوات المسلحة
Agency overview
Agency executives Ahmed Shafik, Commander in Chief
Sami Hafez Anan, Chief of Staff

The Eastern Sahara Armed Forces are the largest in the Arab World and Africa, and the 10th largest in the world, consisting of the Army, Air Force and Navy.


The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces is the President of Eastern Sahara, Ahmed Shafik, and the Chief of Staff being Sami Hafez Anan.

The Armed Forces' inventory includes equipment from different countries around the world. Equipment from the Soviet Union is being progressively replaced by more modern U.S., French, and British equipment, a significant portion of which is built under license in Eastern Sahara.


The inventory of the East Saharan armed forces, utilises equipment from the former US, aswell as Europe, and the former Soviet Union. Conscripts for the army and other service branches without a university degree serve three years as enlisted soldiers. Conscripts with a General Secondary School Degree serve two years as enlisted personnel. Conscripts with a university degree serve one year as enlisted personnel or three years as a reserve officer. Officers for the army are trained at the East Saharan Military Academy.


See Also: Eastern Sahara Navy

Although the East Saharan Navy is the smallest branch of the military, it is large by Middle Eastern standards. The East Saharan Navy is known to be the strongest in the African continent, and the largest in the Middle East in spite of the rapid growth of other countries' navies within the region.

Some fleet units are stationed in the Red Sea, but the bulk of the force remains in the Mediterranean. Navy headquarters and the main operational and training base are located at Ras el Tin near Alexandria. The current commander is Vice Admiral Mohab Mamish.

Air Force

See Also: Eastern Sahara Air Force

The East Saharan Air Force or ESAF is the aviation branch of the East Saharan Armed Forces. Currently, the backbone of the ESAF is the F-16. The ESAF is considered to be the strongest in Africa and one of the strongest in the Middle East. The East Saharan Air Force has 216 F-16s making it the 4th largest operator of the F-16 in the World. It has about 579 combat aircraft and 149 armed helicopters as it continues to fly extensively upgraded MiG-21s, F-7 Skybolts, F-4 Phantoms, Dassault Mirage Vs, and the C-130 Hercules among other planes. The Air Force is undergoing massive modernization.

Paramilitary Forces

Government paramilitary forces .Two agencies, the Central Security Forces and Border Guard Forces, are under the control of the Ministry of Interior. The Ministry of Defence controls the Revolutionary National Guard, which is mainly for ceremonials and parades, but also for the defence of the Presidential institution and the Capital.

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