FANDOM


Kingdom of Equestria (en)
Flag of Equestria
Coat of arms of Equestria
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Harmony in Friendship
Anthem: Glory to the Sun Queen
Map of Equestria
Map of Equestria in North America
Capital
and largest city
Canterlot
Official languages English
Ethnic groups (2010) 98.6% Equestrian
1.4% Other
Demonym Equestrian
Government Unitary popular monarchy
• Queen
Lucy II
John Heartwood
Legislature Parliament
Unification
19 May 1484
7 February 1815
Area
• Total
2,206,677 km2 (852,003 sq mi) (12th)
Population
• 2015 estimate
48,271,390 (27th)
• 2010 census
48,106,390
• Density
30.94/km2 (80.1/sq mi) (185th)
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate
• Total
$1.988 trillion (13th)
• Per capita
$41,184 (24th)
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate
• Total
$2.263 trillion (8th)
• Per capita
$46,881 (24th)
Gini (2011) 0.25 (low)
Error: Invalid Gini value
HDI (2011) 0.897
very high · 13th
Currency Crown (£) (EQC)
Time zone EST (UTC-8)
• Summer (DST)
EDST (UTC-7)
Date format DD-MM-YYYY
Drives on the right
Calling code +696
ISO 3166 code EQU
Internet TLD .eq

The Kingdom of Equestria is a sovereign stage in western North America composed of 30 provinces and one city-province. Equestria borders the Pacific Ocean to the west, Mexico to the south, the United States and Canada to the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. The country has a population of 48,271,390 people as of 2015, making it the 27th most populous nation in the world. Equestria has a total area of 2,206,677 square kilometres, making it the 12th largest in the world.

The early Equii peoples first settled in the region around the year 1190, having migrated across Eurasia from Northern Europe to live in the land where the sun rises from. After several decades of warring, the four major principalities unified into the contemporary nation-state in 1484 after the War of the Long Night. Following encounters with the Spanish Empire in 1542, the nation underwent a period of reform that led to the First Equestrian Civil War in 1561 and the Peace of Milkmouth in 1607. The nation became increasingly hostile to foreign control for the next two centuries, although the Lousiana Purchase by the United States in 1803 led to the American-Equestrian War in 1812 which saw the formalisation of the nation's eastern and northern boundaries in 1815. After only three decades of peace, the Second Equestrian Civil War would erupt in 1842 and nearly tore the nation apart, but the Peace of Canterlot in 1855 ended the conflict and kept the nation as a single polity. Equestria would modernise with the Second Industrial Revolution, becoming a prominent regional power by the turn of the century. Although neutral in the First World War, Equestria joined the Allied powers in the Second World War at the request of the United Kingdom, solidifying the national association with the Western world in the following Cold War. The end of the proxy conflict ushered in an era of stability and prosperity, with progressivism becoming a major part of politics and society by 2000.

Equestria is a unitary popular monarchy in which the Monarch is the head of state and the Prime Minister is the head of government by virtue of the unicameral Parliament. The monarchy of the country is one of the oldest surviving such regencies in the world, with the line of the royal family dating back to at least the year 900. Although the Monarch still exercises a large amount of power, most of the authority of the government is vested into the democratic Parliament, which was formed in its current state in 1855. The Parliament elects the Prime Minister through a vote of confidence, and the Prime Minister then appoints the members of the government with the consent of the Monarch. There are no constitutional limits to the powers of the Monarch, although power is generally held by the Parliament and the Prime Minister by virtue of approval from the Monarchy. The continuous Monarchs of the nation have allowed for parliamentary sovereignty since the creation of the Parliament in 1855.

The economy of Equestria is highly diverse and considered to be a post-industrial, developed free market. The geographic nature of the country permits for a wide range of agricultural practices, with a large number of crops grown throughout the Kingdom primarily for domestic consumption. Mining and logging also have an importance in the economy, while fishing and oil exploration remain minor in comparison of the four. Manufacturing is also based primarily for domestic consumption, as Equestria is one of the most protectionist economies of the modern globalised world. As a result, trade with foreign countries is highly restrictive and limited to special products, making Equestria one of the most self sufficient nations in the world. Services and contemporary technologies are widespread, and the entirety of the population has access to electricity, indoor plumbing, and other forms of modern infrastructure. Equestria maintains a high standard of living and a moderate cost of living.

Equestria is highly restrictive on an international stage, and diplomatic relations are maintained with countries considered to be most prominent in global affairs. The closest aligned states of Equestria are the United Kingdom, Canada, France, and Japan. Despite being heavily associated with the West, Equestria is largely neutral in most global conflicts, and commonly only participates in diplomatic actions which directly involve the nation as a whole. Equestria is a member of the United Nations and associated organisations.

Etymology

The word Equestria comes from from the Latin term for the ancient Equii peoples, whose name in turn was given by the Ancient Romans for their horse worship, coming from the Latin equus. The Equii peoples were collectively referred to as Equia during their nomadic habitation of Northern Europe, and gradually, along with the development of Equestrian English, the name Equii became the name Equestrians. Thus, the land of the Equestrians was to be known as Equestria, which was first formally used with the unification of all the Equestrian peoples following the War of the Long Night in 1484. The name Kingdom of Equestria is a reference to the monarchical government of the nation-state, which is taken from the English word kingdom in reference to the regency of the monarch over the state.

History

Pre-migration period

The ancient Equii peoples were a group of various tribal clans that lived in an inexact location in Northern Europe that was first identified by the Roman Empire. Nomadic and warlike, the Equii were feared by many ancient European peoples for their skill with horsemanship, a cultural trait which was reflected by their practice of horse worship. Although there was no written language, the Romans recorded that the Equii spoke a Germanic tongue similar to that of Frisian, and that their culture was extremely regimented by a caste system that divided the members of each individual tribe. It is believed that the Equii migrated into England sometime around 550, and that they became highly legendary in their existence within the British Isles. Over time, the Equestrians were subjected to the linguistic and cultural practices of the Anglo-Saxons, with Old English becoming the primary language of the people. Over time, this would develop into Equestrian English, and by 900 the Equii people remained a culturally distinct portion of Old English society.

Although it is unclear what exactly caused the Equii migration, the collective Equii tribes of England began to leave starting with the conquest of England by William the Conquerer in 1066. Most believe that the Equii left England because of their association with the Viking elite of the country, which had held closer lineage to the Equii than the Anglo-Saxons that had migrated before them. Although the exact motives are unclear, the Equii left with the assistance of the Danish, and by 1077 the last Equii band is believed to have left the country entirely.

Migration period

The Equii migration began sometime around 1080, when the Equii peoples began to travel eastwards following their expulsion from the idyllic British Isles. Believing that following the sun to the land from which it rises would bring them closer to their solar horse deity, the Equii sought lands far to the east. Beginning in Central Europe, the Equii traveled east across Eurasia, encountering many different cultures along the war. By 1100, the Equii had reached the Kievan Rus, from which they took away an understanding of organised religion. The Equii arrived in the city of Almaty by 1135, encountering the society of a Silk Road city and becoming antiquated with various mercantile practices. The Equii would continue eastwards, following the sunrise across Siberia and reaching the Bering Strait around 1155. While living on the Kamchatka Peninsula, the Equii learned from the Aleut people of the Commander Islands that far across the sea was a distant land which was warm and fertile. The Equii were determined to reach this land, and as such, used several generations old knowledge of sailing to build great wooden ships to carry them across the sea. The Equii brought along their horses, believing it was the grace of their horse deities that allowed for them to have made it thus far. The ships sailed across the Bering Strait to reach Alaska by 1160, and the Equii stuck to coast hopping across the Gulf of Alaska and the northwestern Pacific coast of North America. After around thirty years of travel, the Equii reached the modern day location of Canterlot, building their first settlement there and proclaiming their new land to be their final destination.

Early states period

The early Equii states were established when several clans began to unify into significant regional groups. While the land was inhabited by indigenous peoples, the Equii were technologically superior and were able to fend and fight the natives with ease. The first four major settlements of the Equii were Canterlot, Tantervale, Cloudsdale, and Crystaltown, with each settlement becoming small polities in their own right and the collective name for each new entity being the Confederated Principalities. Canterlot, the largest and most matured of the four settlements, grew into a significant kingdom which smaller villages were established around. The city was recognised as being the cultural and economic capital of the Equii peoples through the Treaty of Amity in 1206, which vowed that each state of the new Equestrian realm would cooperate in friendship to build a lasting country for all the Equii people, regardless of their allegiances. The treaty is hailed as beginning a time of expansion and growth for the new Equestrian peoples, with the establishment of several new towns and the beginning of the contemporary Equestrian concept of a singular state.

Although peaceful at first, the four principalities began to suffer from an intense drought in 1447 that left thousands of people starving in a great famine. The drought crippled the feudal governing structure of each principality, leading to the Valleyman's Revolt in 1448 that would devastate the entirety of Canterlot. Following the great weakening of Canterlot, the Lordly Council of Tantervale led the Councillor's Revolt against the ruling Princess of Tantervale and established the Tantervaler Republic, using the weakness of Canterlot to lead an army northwards and take the city. The new Republic and its actions against Canterlot caused the outbreak of a war against Tantervale led by Canterlot loyalists and forces from both Crystaltown and Cloudsdale. The War of the Long Night would be so named because it would last for nearly four decades, and it saw the devastation of the countryside ending in the defeat of Tantervale and the reformation of the Equestrian polity in 1484 with the Peace of Tantervale. The new Kingdom elected a single monarch with absolute power, sworn as the ruler of all of the Equestrian realm and its people by right of election of the four principalities.

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.