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Decimalisation

Decimal European Currency
Symbol Name Colloquial Value Exponential English
P€ petaeuro petaro, pete 1 000 000 000 000 € 10+15 quadrillions (billiards)
T€ teraeuro teraro, terror 1 000 000 000 000 € 10+12 trillions (billions)
G€ gigaeuro gigaro, gin 1 000 000 000 € 10+9 billions (milliards)
M€ megaeuro megaro, maggie 1 000 000 € 10+6 millions
ma€ myriaeuro lakh 10 000 € 10+4 lakhs, ten-thousands
k€, K€ kiloeuro kiloro, killer 1 000 € 10+3 thousands
h€, H€ hectoeuro hectoro, hector 100 € 10+2 hundreds
da€, D€ decaeuro decoro, deck 10 € 10+1 tens
euro u, ro, oro 1 € 10±0 ones
d€ decieuro deciro, dime 0.1 € 10−1 tenth
c€ centieuro centiro, cent 0.01 € 10−2 hundredth
m€ millieuro milliro, mickey 0.001 € 10−3 thousandth

Modern 1-2-5 coinage

Legacy European Currency, modern coin division
goldeuro 10 €
silvereuro 5 €
europound 2 €
euro 1 €
eurodollar 0.75 € = ¾ €
euromark, euroguilder 0.50 € = ½ €
eurofranc, euroquarter 0.25 € = ¼ €
eurocrown, euroshekel 0.20 € = ⅕ €
euroshilling 0.10 € = 1/10 €
eurodime 0.075 € = 3/40 €
eurolira 0.05 € = 1/20 €
euroruble 0.025 € = 1/40 €
europeso, eurøre 0.02 € = 1/50 €
eurocent, europence 0.01 € = 1/100 €

Coins currently not existing shown in gray. According to EU Regulation 651/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012, collector’s coins issued by member countries need to show a value that is not available in normal coinage. Commemorative coins use the normal 2€ coin with special national face. Actual collector coins (often partially made of silver or gold) have been issued with the following denominations: 0.25 € (¼ €), 1.50 € (1½ €), 1.75 € (175 ¢, 1¾ €), 2.50 € (2½ €), 3 €, 4 €, 5 €, 6 €, 7 € (700 ¢), 7.50 € (7½ €), 8 €, 10 €, 12 €, 12.50 € (12½ €), 15 €, 20 €, 25 €, 30 €, 50 €, 100 €, 200 €, 250 €, 300 €, 400 €, 500 €, 1’000 €, 2’000 €, 5’000 € and even 100’000 €.

Please note that during the Latin Monetary Union in the late 19th and early 20th century, several currencies were linked 1:1 (e.g. French and Swiss Franc, Italian Lira and Greek Drachm) based on a gold and silver standard. There were gold coins with denominations of 100 ¤, 50 ¤, 20 ¤, 10 ¤, 5 ¤ and silver coins valued 5 ¤, 2 ¤, 1 ¤, 0.20 ¤, 0.10 ¤.

Historic coinage

Legacy European Currency, historical division
Name Abbr. Euro Pound Mark Shilling Kreuzer Penny Heller Cent
Ecu/Escudo E 30 6 12 120 360 1440 2880 3000
Ducat/Dukate D 20 4 8 80 240 960 1920 2000
[?] 15 3 6 60 180 720 1440 1500
[?] 10 2 4 40 120 480 960 1000
Dollar/Taler/Tolar, Peso, Guinea $, T, ₱ 3 30 90 360 720 750
Pound/Pfund, Lira/Livre, Franc, Nicker, Quid £, ₤, ℔, ₣ 5 1 2 20 60 240 480 500
Mark, Peseta M 1 10 30 120 240 250
Crown/Krone/Koruna, Real/Ruble K, R 5 15 60 120 125
Euro €, ₠ 1 4 12 48 96 100
Guilder/Gulden, Florin/Forint, Złoty ƒ, fl 1 2 6 24 48 50
Batzen b 1⅓ 4 16 32 33⅓
Øre/Öre 5⁄16 15 30 31¼
Shilling/Sous/Sols/Solidus, Bob s ¼ 1 3 12 24 25
Tanner t 6 12 12½
Groat/Groschen g, G 1/10 1⅕ 4⅘ 9⅗ 10
Kreu(t)zer, Liard x 1⁄12 1 4 8 8⅓
Penny/Pence/Pfennig, Denar/Denier/Dinero p, ₰, d 1⁄48 1 2 2⅟12
Heller, Haypny h 1⁄96 1 1⅟24
Farthing 1⁄192 25/48

Note that (only) the groat differs from the classic British relationship, where it is replaced by the German kreuzer and French liard: 1 pound sterling = 1 sovereign = 4 crown = 10 florin = 20 shilling = 60 groat liard/kreuzer = 240 pence = 960 farthing. The base relationship of the Carolingian L:S:D, as highlighted, is intact, with 12 pennies being 1 shilling and 20 shillings being 1 pound. In British parlance dollar used to be synonymous with crown, which is not reflected here since there were lots of talers. Pesos could be equated to pounds, but are not.

Colloquial terms are highlighted in italic. Symbols are usually lowercase if the coin is worth less than a euro, unless they are not normal letters.

This table of relationships can also be applied to weights.

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