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Eusko Gudarostea
EKG COA01
Coat of Arms of Eusko Gudarostea.
Founded 1936
Country Euskadi
Size 80,000 men and women
Part of Euskadiko Indar Armatuak
Commanders
CoEKG Lt. General Eusebio Indurain Lorenzo
Commander-in-Chief Lehendakari Arantxa Mendizabal Arrate


The Eusko Gudarosteaestablished in 1936, is the heir of the ancient militias of Euskadi, dating back to 1700. It is the branch of Euskadiko Indar Armatuak responsible for land-based military operations. It is the second largest branch of the armed forces after the Armada Nazional.

The Eusko Gudarostea currently has a strenght of 80,000 men and women. About 55,000 are professionals and it is planned to reach fully professionalization by 2016.

Structure

Since the formation of the nation, the military has been undergoing a process of integration and modernization not only in equipment but also in their structure and organization. In this process the Eusko Gudarostea has now a simple and effective organization that has an impact on improved effectiveness.

The major operational command is EKG HQ. It is located in Gasteiz and it is split into divisions and subordinate units ranging from brigades to sections. Corps are made up of two or more divisions, but are now unlikely to be deployed as a purely national formation due to the size of the Eusko Gudarostea.

There are four Regional EKG HQ:

  • EKG Regional Headquarters Europe and Caribe(EKG HQ-EC)
  • EKG Regional Headquarters Africa (EKG HQ-AF)
  • EKG Fast Reaction Force Headquarters (EKG HQ-FR)


The standard operational units are structured as follows, although various units can have their own structure, conventions, names and sizes.


Type of Unit Symbol Contains Soldiers Commanded by
Division XX 3 - 4 Brigades + aux. Regiments 15120 - 20160 Major General
Brigade X 2 Regiments 5040 Brigade General
Regiment III 3 Battalions 2520 Colonel
Battalion II 5 Companies 840 Colonel or Lieutenant Colonel
Company I 3 Platoons 168 Major or Captain
Platoon +++ 4 Sections 56 Lieutenant or 2nd Lieutenant
Section ++ 2 Squads 14 Sergeant Major or Sergeant
Squad + Individuals 7 Sergeant or Corporal

Organization

Given its dependence on Regional Army HQs:

EKG Regional Headquarters Europa (EKG HQ-EU) Gasteiz

1st Infantry Division

Headquarters: (INF1-HQ ) Gasteiz

2nd Armoured Division

Headquarters: (ARM2-HQ) Baiona

EKG Regional Headquarters Africa (EKG HQ-AA) Boke

4th Infantry Division

Headquarters (INF4-HQ): Boké

EKG Fast Reaction Force Headquarters (EKG HQ-FR) Bilbao

9th Cavalry Division

Headquarters: (INF7-HQ ) Bilbao

Integrated infantry equipment

Clothing and armour

Basic combat clothing has a full cut allowing free movement. Bellows pockets provide ample carrying capacity. The material (fabric) offers good mechanical properties but still allows good air permeability.

The fibres (aramid/viscose FR) are flame- and wash-resistant.
TBU IIE02

The flak jacket accommodates:

  • Flexible ballistic protection
  • Hard ballistic protection
  • Electronic jacket
  • Load-bearing structure.

The electronic jacket integrates the electronics (computer unit, manager unit, radio, man-machine interface, GPS, cables and connector), flexible water bottle, Star W-109 magazines and grenades, and optimises weight distribution on the soldier.

The equipment is autonomous and can be used alone. The NRBC combat clothing is similar to permanent combat clothing. It is designed to allow combat phases to be carried out with the same efficiency as that achieved with conventional combat clothing.

Camouflage

The EKG have selected the Kermel V50 and VMC40 fabrics to equip its troops.

Portable electronic platform (PEP)

The PEP lies at the heart of the infantry combat system. Designed to utilise all the electronic resources found on the electronic jacket (computer, energy manager, peripheral equipment interfaces, user interfaces), The system is built around a USB 4.0. digital data bus. This choice of open broadband digital data bus and extensive connectivity gives the portable electronic platform, and hence the system, strong interoperability.

Individual energy sources

Peripheral equipment can be connected to the physical connection ports situated at the front of the battery units. Power sources will be made of two fuel cells, provided partially by Natech group.

Weapons

Individual weapons

Crew weapons


Star W-93 remain the infantryman’s basic weapon but is being replaced by Star W-109.

Star W-93 and Star W-109 can accommodates a man-machine interface, a second grip and a telescopic sight. The sight is equipped with a day imager and a night imager (the infantryman’s sight will be light intensifying, and one soldier per squad will have a thermal sight: uncooled IR), a restitution eyepiece, a clear sight for instinctive shooting. The sight has an integrated video camera that transmits received images to the system. A wire connection links the weapon to the system.

Precision rifle sight is based on the use of uncooled infrared sensors, combined with adapted magnifying optics. It also includes radio communication resources.

Helmet

The helmet is composed of three components: head protection, communication headset and optronic equipment. The ballistic shell optimises protection and load-bearing ergonomics (weight distribution). It can accommodate various items required for the mission (facial protection screens) and its shape is compatible with all firing positions of the weapons used.

A lightweight, integrated protective shield protects the infantryman from various threats (wind, rain, dust, UV). Non-linear earplugs afford auditory protection. The NBC mask can be equipped with a filter cartridge or linked to the ventilation powerpack. A tube built into the NBC mask can be used to take in liquids (water, food).

The communication headset is linked to the radio. It holds the microphone and earpiece and works by bone vibrations (bone conduction transducer). It works independently from the helmet and can therefore remain in operation when the helmet is removed.

The optronic equipment is composed of mission interface overshell integrating the optronics, head camera (EBCMOS light intensification technology), image display units (OLED technology) allowing data and icons transmitted on the bus system to be displayed, images and video coming from the weapon or the head camera. The image display unit is fixed to the helmet: its screen can be brought into line with infantryman's eye. When not in use, it can be folded away so as not to hinder the soldier.

Information network

The information network allows information to be shared throughout the infantry section. Each radio can subscribe to two networks simultaneously. This offers the squad leader some flexibility in organising communication networks in his section. Each network has an audio conference channel, with priority given to the squad leader, an alert channel from the infantryman to his leader, and a data transmission channel. Voice and data transmission is based on tried and tested satellite communication. Each sub-network works from a base carried by the squad leader. As information network sets are all identical, a soldier can replace his commander if necessary by configuring his set as base. The radio is configured by the soldier computer, thereby limiting the number of control buttons needed on the set.

Dismounted soldier’s Terminal Information System (TIS)

TBU IIE01
The TIS is made up of software supported by the computer, a man-machine interface and a communication interface box connected to a PR4G VS4 portable radio set.

Multipurpose infrared binoculars

Based on uncooled IR technology.

Transport/Carrying Case

The weapon and subsidiary systems are transported and stored in a Storm iM3220 plastic moulded carry case with foam cut-outs designed for each part.

Collective recharging unit (MRC)

Used to recharge the soldiers’ individual batteries. It uses hydrogen fuel cells manufactured by Natech.

Vehicle kits

Kits have a common structure and are designed for easy integration into modern vehicles, where they provide the power supply for the mounted soldiers’ systems.

Vehicles

Combat vehicles

Combat Vehicles of the Eusko Gudarostea
Model Type Producer Origen Units (Ordered) Notes
Challenger 1 Main Battle tank Royal Ordnance Factory UK 186 Operational in stage to be replaced
Challenger 2 Main Battle tank BAE Systems UK 380 (260) Operational
FV432Armoured Personal CarrierGKN SankeyUK 268Operational in stage to be replaced
WarriorInfantry Fighting VehicleBAE SystemsUK 640 (400) Operational
Piranha II 8x8Armoured Personal CarrierMOWAGSwitzerland884Operational in stage to be upgraded to IV variant
Piranha VInfantry Fighting VehicleGD Europe - MOWAGSwitzerland280 (360)Operational
Land Rover WolfLight Utility VehicleLand RoverUK1120Operational
Iveco LMVInfantry Mobility VehicleIVECOKingdom of Europa180 (200)Operational
STAG Reindeer-VIILight armored reconnaissance vehicleSTAG Motors Imperium Skandinavisk 160Operational

General purpose vehicles

The Eusko Gudarostea uses a wide range of general purpose vehicles like trucks, 4x4 and cars. Trucks are used in variants as materiel and troop transport, tipper, recovery, hook-lift and heavy haulage. Some of them have ballistic and mine protection systems. Scania and Renault are the most important truck providers of the EG.

Artillery

Artillery Pieces of the Eusko Gudarostea
Model Type Producer Origen Units (Ordered) Notes
Haubits FH77Howitzer Bofors Sweden 202 Operational in stage to be replaced
FV433 Abbot SPGSelf-propelled artillery Vickers UK 44 Operational in stage to be replaced
AS-90Self-propelled artillery BAE Systems UK 64 (36) Operational
Archer Artillery SystemSelf-propelled artillery BAE Systems Bofors Imperium Skandinavisk 22 (78)Operational

Aircraft

Aircraft Inventory of the Eusko Gudarostea
Model Type Producer Origen Units (Ordered) Notes
Bell 412Helicopter Bell Canada 20 Operative
Westland LynxHelicopter UK 50 Operative
Super PumaHelicopterAérospatialeFrance30Operative
TigerAtack HelicopterEurocopterFrance20 (80)Operative

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