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First Minister of the Council of Ministers of Tanjung
Rajian Empire Coat of Arms
Jhou Xianwen
Incumbent
Syed Abdullah Yaakob

since 27th August 2014
StyleThe Honourable
Term length4 years
Inaugural holderKu Yun-suan
Formation18th July 1941


Rajia
Tiger.png

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of the
the Federal Kingdom of Rajia




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The First Minister of Tanjung (Chinese: 第一部長海角, Dì yī bùzhǎng Hǎijiǎo; Malay: Menteri Pertama Tanjung) is the leader of the Council of Ministers of Tanjung, the executive of Tanjung and as such serves as the head of government. The First Minister appoints the Council of Ministers and serves as the Chief Adviser of the Monarch of Tanjung. The First Minister is elected from within the Royal Chamber of Representatives and approved by the Royal Chamber of Advisor's as well as by the monarch themselves. The First Minister must always enjoy the support of the monarch and parliament to remain in power - in practice this has meant all First Ministers have come from the largest part or coalition within parliament.

The post of First Minister was created in 1941 as the first step in establishing constitutional governance in Tanjung. Since then the role of the First Minister has varied between being a mere advisory role, the main force within the government and unchecked dictator. The longest serving First Minister was Ma Po-hsiung who served from 1974-97.


Role and duties

Appointment

List of First Ministers

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Took office Left office Elected
(Parliament)
Political Party Province
1941-1945
Flag of Rajia • Prime Minister of the Kingdom of TanjungFlag of Rajia
1 Shakeel Rongpi
Ku Yun-suan
(1889–1945)
18th July 1941 2nd September 1945 1943 Tanjungese Independence League Flagcapital
Rangoon
Ku was appointed as the head of the puppet state of the Kingdom of Tanjung by the Japanese Empire as head of the pan-Asianist, pro-Japanese and militarist Tanjungese Independence League. His government was a single-party state although in reality real power lay in the hands of Japanese military governors. In 1945 following the surrender of Japan his government attempted to stay in power, but fell to a communist insurgency.
1945-1954
Flag of British Rajia • First Minister of the Tanjung-Malay UnionFlag of British Rajia
2 Maheshwer ChoudhuryMuhammad Hussein Tunku
(1907–1996)
25th October 1945 12th December 1952 1947 United Malayan Sovereignty Organisation Flag26
Jaavra
Appointed by the British as Chief Minister in 1945, Tunku championed a Tanjung based on the majority Malay race, and worked with the British in the name of Tanjungese self-determination. An anti-communist, he solidified the Tanjung-Malay Union as a supporter of the western world by opposing communist forces in the Tanjungese Civil War that lasted from 1947-60. However, his anti-monarchist stance and opposition to Singapore being admitted intothe Union led to the British to controversially dismiss him from office and appoint an ethnically Chinese government in his place.
3 Dingiri RanjithJhou Ying-jeou
(1914–1975)
12th December 1952 3rd September 1954 1953 Tanjungese National Party Flagcapital
Rangoon
Appointed by the British following Tunku's dismissal. His government implemented anti-Malay policies and through electoral fraud and gerrymandering ensured the pro-royalist, pro-British and Chinese dominated Tanjungese National Party won the 1953 election, a trend that continued until 1997. In 1954 he saw Brunei and Singapore absorbed into Tanjung creating the modern Tanjung, Abode of Peace.
1945-present
Flag of Rajia • First Minister of Tanjung, Abode of PeaceFlag of Rajia
(3) Dingiri RanjithJhou Ying-jeou
(1914–1975)
3rd September 1954 22nd November 1961 1957, 1961 Tanjungese National Party Flagcapital
Rangoon
Jhou's government ended the civil war when he signed the Singapore Ceasefire in 1960, passed constitutional reform, embarked on several infrastructure projects, furthered the economic modernisation programme and created close relations with the Western World to combat the threat of communism.In 1961 he died of a massive heart failure.
4 Lao ChiaoJhou Chiao
(1907–1996)
13th November 1961 21st April 1974 1965, 1969, 1973 Tanjungese National Party Flag26
Jaavra
Jhou implemented several social democratic reforms investing in the education, health and welfare systems, nationalising major industries and attempting to implement land redistribution. Economic reforms were launched under his rule that aimed to fast-track Tanjung's industrialisation leading to economic growth. When the economy entered recession in 1971 Jhou sanctioned budget cuts and an austerity programme whilst continuing to exert pressure on communist rebels. An IMF loan was negotiated in 1974, but dissent from within his party over the loan triggered his resignation..
5 Shatrughan Agarwal PaswanMa Po-hsiung
(1923–1999)
21st April 1974 30th August 1997 1977, 1981, 1985, 1989, 1993 Tanjungese National Party Flagcapital
Rangoon
The Ma government was ethno-nationalist in tone, further curtailing media freedoms, expanded the secret police and cracked down on dissidents. Indian and Muslim communities came under attack as Ma expanded on the religious laws passed under Chen and Jhou. Economic re-structuring in the form of privatisation was undertaken as Jhou forged close links with the west against the second world. His government responded poorly to the 1997 Asian financial crisis, leading to the HGD to lose the 1997 election.
6 Kalikesh RajeKhaled Haji Razak
(1943–2015)
30th August 1997 26th August 2006 1997, 2001, 2005 Islamic Malays Party Flag20
Kachin
The first non HGD premier since 1952, Razak's government focused on solving the economic fallout from the 1997 Asian financial crisis, rejecting IMF advice and increasing spending and pegging the ringgit to the dollar, leading to Tanjung to recover from the economic crisis faster from other Southeast Asian nations. Razak also implemented positive discrimination policies regarding the Bumiputera people. Razak, an Islamic democrat, also promoted conservative Islamic social policies and a greater role for Islam in public life, prompting a clash with him and the monarchy. In 2006 the Maharaja dismissed Razak over his pro-Bumiputera policies replacing him with Jhou Kai-yin.
7 Jagannath MajhiJhou Wenjie
(1953–)
26th August 2006 27th August 2014 2006, 2010 Tanjungese National Party Flag26
Jaavra
The first female First Minister and initially leading a caretaker government following Razak's dismissal, resulting in the 2006 Tanjungese Ethnic riots that continued after the controversial 2006 elections. Under Jhou the government focused on promoting economic liberalisation and encouraging foreign investment, particularly from China. In response to the 2008 Financial Crisis the Jhou government implemented economic stimulus, privatisation and tax and tariffs reforms. Following the coronation of Tian Yinling of Tanjung in 2008 Jhou's government started to introduce constitutional changes that transferred more power from the royal family to parliament. Jhou also repealed much of the positive discrimination legalisation passed under Razak. Jhou's government suffered a defeat at the 2014 elections.
8 Jhou XianwenSyed Abdullah Yaakob
(1952–)
27th August 2014 Incumbent 2014 People's Democratic Party Flagcapital
Rangoon
Elected on a slowing economy and seemingly worsening security situation, Yaakob has largely focused on ensuring economic growth through welfare policies, privatisation, economic stimulus and investing in infrastructure. Yaakob has pursued a more assertive foreign policy whilst promoting tough on crime policies domestically as well as forming a National Commission for Ethnic Relations to re-adress ethnic issues in Tanjung. Yaakob has taken a hardline anti-China stance in regards to the South China Sea dispute and launched economic sanctions on Myanmar during the 2015 Rohingya refugee crisis.

Syed Abdullah YaakobJhou WenjieKhaled Haji RazakMa Po-hsiungJhou ChiaoJhou Ying-jeouMuhammad Hussein TunkuKu Yun-suanPeople's Democratic PartyIslamic Malays PartyTanjungese National PartyUnited Malayan Sovereignty OrganisationTanjungese Independence League

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