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French Republic
République Française
Flag of France
FCA
Flag Emblem
Motto: "Liberté, fraternité, égalité"
Anthem: La Marseillaise
Gaul highlighted
FOS
Location of the territory of the French Republic (red)
Capital Paris
48°51′N 2°21′E
Official languages French
Recognised regional languages Occitan
Breton
Alsatian
Others
Ethnic groups 89% French (born)
6.6% French (acquired)
3.1% Foreigners
7.5% Immigrants
Demonym French
Government Unitary Mitterrandist parliamentary directorial republic
Delphine Batho
Harlem Désir
Ségolène Royal
Aurélie Filippetti
Manuel Valls
Vincent Peillon
Nicolas Sarkozy
Nathalie Kosciusko-Morisot
Jean-Luc Mélenchon
• Prime Minister
Juliette Méadel
Legislature Parliament
Senate
National Assembly
Establishment
c. 486
August 843
22 September 1792
23 February 1848
4 September 1870
27 October 1946
1 January 1958
4 October 1958
23 June 1969
Area
• Total
640,681 km2 (247,368 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.52%
Population
• 2017 estimate
73,230,850 (20th)
• Density
114/km2 (295.3/sq mi) (102nd)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.928 trillion (6th)
• Per capita
$53,638 (14th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$3.213 trillion (5th)
• Per capita
$43,870 (18th)
Gini (2013) 28.2
low
HDI (2013) 0.9202
very high · 10th
Currency Euro (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date format dd/mm/yyyy
Drives on the left
Calling code +1
ISO 3166 code FR
Internet TLD .fr

France, officially the French Sixth Republic (French: La Sixième République Française), is a noncontiguous, sovereign state, with its primary landmass, metropolitan France, located in Western Europe, its largest overseas territory, French Guiana, located in South America, and its various island territories located in the Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific oceans. The country is composed of 18 administrative regions (5 of which are overseas) that span a combined area of 640,681 square kilometres (247,368 square miles). As of October 2017, the country boasts a total population of 73,230,850 people, making it the second most populous country in Europe after Germany. From the English Channel to the Mediterranean Sea, France shares an eastern border with Belgium, Luxembourg, Germany, Switzerland, and Italy. It also shares a southwestern border with Spain and Andorra.

France is a unitary Mitterandist parliamentary directorial republic with a social market economy. It is governed by the Socialist Party in a de facto dominant-party system. The head of state is the Council of Ministers in corpore (in its entirety) while the head of government is the Prime Minister, who leads the National Assembly. The Council’s nine ministers are elected by Parliament (jointly the Senate and National Assembly) in an exhaustive ballot, whereas the Prime Minister is elected by the council’s ministers, with the approval of the National Assembly. Only the Council can dissolve the National Assembly; barring incapacity or resignation, the Council serves its five-year term uninterrupted. In accordance with the 1992 Constitutional Amendments, national and administrative delegates are both beholden to the ten-year clause: delegates must have lived in their constituencies for a minimum of ten consecutive years to be considered eligible for election. Due to the limited mobility of the country’s youth and lower class, both have since boasted unusually high representation in government compared to most other countries. The current Prime Minister, Juliette Méadel, who was elected in March 2017 at the age of 44, is the fourth oldest Prime Minister to hold the position. The youngest, Delphine Batho, was 32 when she was first elected in 2002.

History

First

Second

Third

Politics

Foreign relations

Government

Military

Geography

Administrative divisions

Flag Region Capital Population
Auvergne-Limousin Clermont-Ferrand 2,083,771
Flag of Alsace Alsace Strasbourg 1,815,488
Aquitaine Bordeaux 3,285,970
Flag of Brittany Brittany Rennes 4,550,418
Centre-Val de Loire Tours 2,538,000
Île-de-France Paris 12,005,077
Midi-Pyrénées Toulouse 2,865,000
Languedoc-Roussillon Montpellier 2,700,000
Loire-Brittany Nantes 3,553,353
Lorraine Metz 2,356,600
Nord-Pas-de-Calais Lille 4,107,148
Normandy Caen 3,368,000
Provence Marseille 4,951,388
Rhône-Alpes Lyon 6,341,000

Overseas territories

Flag Overseas territory Capital Population
Flag of Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Basse-Terre 403,750
Flag of Martinique Martinique Fort-de-France 386,486
Flag of Gaul Saint Barthélemy Gustavia 9,035
Flag of Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Castries 173,765
Flag of Gaul Saint Martin Marigot 36,824

Culture

Sport