Gaikoku Republic in honor of the Tokugawa Shogunate
(Gaikoku no kyōwakoku)

Draguanold   1870–1935   Newnetherlandsflag2

Enomoto flag
500px-Enomoto crest
Motto: "Nihon no keizoku-tekina shakai" (The continuing society of japan)
Official languages Japanese, English
Ethnic groups Japanese, English
Demonym Gaikoku
Government Militaristic Republic
• Shachō
Enomoto Atsuko (1870-1880)
Tanaka Shin (1880-1886)
Sato Ryoichi (1886-1891)
Nishimura Hideyoshi (1891-1897)
Sato Yuki (1897-1903)
Nakahara Ichirou (1903-1906)
Minami Tomomi (1906-1912)
Watanabe Ayano (1912-1918)
Yamada Daisuke (1918-1922)
Kurosawa Saburou (1922-1928)
Kita Shizuka (1928-1935)
• Fuku shachō
• Shirei-kan
• Offered relocation by Draguan Islands
March 6, 1869
• Offer accepted by Ezo separatists
March 20, 1869
• Ezo Exodus
April 14-16, 1869
• Independence declared
October 12, 1869
• Independence recognized

January 1, 1870

22,453 km2 (8,669 sq mi)
• Water (%)
• 1935 estimate
Time zone UTC±00:00 (UTC+0)
Date format dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the right

The Gaikoku Republic in honor of the Tokugawa Shogunate, commonly referred to as the Gaikoku Republic, was a nation that existed between 1870 and 1935, and was the successor of the Tokugawa Shogunate and the later Republic of Ezo, after Gouvernor-General Ferdinand Tillens of the Commonwealth of the Draguan Islands relocated several thousands of Ezo separatists, voluntarily, to the then called Draguan Southern Archipelago in 1869, and later separatists to Leade Island. Even though the Gaikoku Republic didn't become a feudal dictatorship, many traditions and normalities were carried over from feudal Japan.

The Gaikoku republic was unified with the Commonwealth of the Draguan Islands in 1935, forming the Republic of the Draguan Islands in the same year.


The word "Gaikoku" is the Rōmaji reading of 外国, literally meaning "foreign country". While most Gaikoku (also referring to themselves as Gaikoku hito Nihon, meaning "foreign Japanese") and Japanese just referred to the country as Gaikoku, other west-Europeans tended to call it Gaikoku Republic, which was an obsolete referral to the fact that the country was a Republic, so it would not be confused with Imperial Japan, or the former Shogunate.



Before the Gaikoku Republic was officially recognized by the Draguan government, the group of islands were known as Draguan Southern Archipelago, and were primarily used for agriculture due to their highly fertile soil. In total, approximately 9,500 people, lived on the islands for mostly agricultural purposes, until their relocation in 1869.

Early Gaikoku Republic

The Commonwealth of Draguan Islands was, along with the Dutch, the only country allowed to trade with the Japanese during the Sakoku period. Due to the fact that Draguan traders, which were solely in service of the Autonomous Draguan Republic, jointly governed by the Netherlands and Great Britain, were much more friendlier, polite, and did not enforce and religion upon the local Japanese, unlike the Dutch and Portuguese. When Portugal was expelled from Japan in 1641 and the Dutch were forced to relocate to Dejima, Hirado was granted to the Draguan traders, and the Draakse Handelsvereeniging established a trading post in 1642. From there on, Japanese-Draguan relations improved and remained stable. The Draguan Islands formally deconstructed their trading post in 1858 when the Treaty of Kanagawa went into effect.

Gaikoku Republic







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