|Gold Coast (en)|
Costa Dorada (es)
Bờ Biển Vàng (vn)
골드 코스트 (kr)
Gintong Baybayin (tl)
الساحل الذهبي (ar)
Ոսկի Ափ (hy)
|Province of Sierra|
|Nickname(s): The Pearl of the Occident|
Motto(s): Solius veri nos deducit|
(Latin: Truth alone guides us)
|Provincial song(s): "Onward, Gold Coast!"|
|Official language(s)||*Nationally recognized languages|
Ranked 18th |
Ranked 1st |
|Admission to the Union||November 28, 1858 (4th)|
|Lord Superintendent||Pamela Reeves|
|Governor||Lord Martin Louis King, Jr.|
|Lieutenant Governor||Chance Benett|
Gold Coast Provincial Legislature |
|K.S. House delegation||
50 total commoners|
Pacific Time Zone |
UTC –8/UTC –7
|Abbreviations||GC, Gol., GoCo|
The Gold Coast borders Kings to the north, the Inland Empire to the east, Orange to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Much of the Gold Coast, including the overwhelming majority of the population, lies within in the central Porciúncula Basin, San Fernando Valley, and San Gabriel Valley. The Santa Monica Mountains and San Gabriel Mountains (both part of the Transverse Ranges) separates the main basin from the northern regions of the province, which features the Santa Clarita Valley and the Antelope Valley. Several, smaller mountain ranges are scattered throughout the province's northern, western, and southwestern regions, including the San Emigdio Mountains. The Porciúncula River, San Gabriel River, Rio Hondo, and Santa Clara River are the province's principal rivers, and all flow into the Pacific Ocean.
Originally inhabited by the Tongva tribe and other Native Sierrans, the land of what is now known as the Gold Coast had its first contact with Europeans in 1542 by Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo and Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1602. Claimed by Spain, the Gold Coast was eventually inhabited by Spaniard civilians and soldiers following a successful 1771 expedition led by Franciscan friar Junípero Serra. By 1777, several cities including future capital Porciúncula was established, affirming Spanish control of the land.
Following the independence of Mexico, the Gold Coast became part of the Mexican territory of Alta California, remaining so until the Mexican-American War. The war saw the eruption of the Bear Flag Revolt and the formation of the California Republic, the entity that would eventually evolve into the present-day Kingdom of Sierra. The gold rush attracted many foreigners to immigrate to Sierra, and many began settling in the Gold Coast where cities such as Porciúncula were rapidly expanding. Following the decision for the national government to relocate from San Francisco City to Porciúncula, the Gold Coast experienced massive demographic and social change, as well as a booming economy. Continued, intensive urbanization has placed the province at the epicenter of the Southwest Corridor megaregion. One of the densest and most developed provinces in the country, its urban sprawl has proliferated beyond provincial lines.
The Gold Coast accounts for nearly 30% of the nation's entire GDP and has the largest economy in the country. Home to Hollywood, the Gold Coast is renowned for its entertainment industries in film, music, television, and publishing. The Gold Coast is also the home to various major conglomerates and corporations and the Porciúncula Stock Exchange, one of the world's most prolific stock exchanges in the world. Other important contributors to the Gold Coast's economy includes aerospace, tourism, medicine, law, and manufacturing. In 2016, it received over 11.3 million international tourists, the most out of all of the Kingdom's PSALTs.
|The Flag of Gold Coast.|
|The Seal of Gold Coast.|
|Mammals||Sierran sea lion|
|Reptile||Loggerhead sea turtle|
|Colors||Gold, Green, red|
|Ship(s)||HRH Gold Coast|
|Song(s)||Onward, Gold Coast!|
| || |
Part of a series on the provinces and territories of Sierra
The name, the Gold Coast originally only referred to the coasts further south in what is now known as Pacífico Norte, a Sierran territory. The name was used to describe the waters and surrounding lands by the Spaniards who were in search for gold.
During the California Gold Rush, people around the world flocked to northern Sierra where gold was found in large amounts. The Gold Coast, then known as Porciúncula (based on its largest settlement), which was over 500 miles south of the main gold sites, began advertising itself as the "Gold Coast" in order to attract would-be prospectors to settle there instead. Although the Gold Coast did not have gold, its weather conditions, fertile soil, and proximity to the ocean were deemed adequate for farming and commerce. Following the formation of the Kingdom of Sierra, the former Californian state of Porciúncula was reorganized and renamed as the province of the "Gold Coast". Eventually, the Gold Coast's rise to prosperity gave vindication to the name, and the name came to be understood as a reflection of the province's economic successes. In the contemporary era, the name "Gold Coast" is always preceded by the definite article, the. This usage did not gain popular usage until the post-WWII era, and this historical omission of the article is evident in the provincial seal which reads "Province of Gold Coast" rather than, the "Province of the Gold Coast". All major publication sources, style guides, and the government of the Gold Coast strongly recommend the inclusion of the article before the name in all instances. Other Sierran political entities that follow this convention similarly are the Channel Islands, the Deseret, the Inland Empire, and both of the Los Pacíficos.
Common abbreviations for the Gold Coast include GC, KS-GC, Gol., and GoCo. Residents and citizens from the Gold Coast are officially referred to as "Gold Coasters" and colloquially as "Gold Coasties", "Coasters", "Goldies", or "Gocoastians".
With a total of 4,751 square miles (12,310 km2), 4,058 square miles (10,510 km2) of the Gold Coast is land while 693 square miles (1,790 km2; 14.6% of the total area) is water, making the province the 18th largest province by total area in the country.
The province is divided into two distinct geographical regions: the Porciúncula Basin to the south, and several mountain ranges and valleys including Antelope Valley (the latter which marks the westernmost point of the Mojave Desert) to the north. The two regions are separated by the west-to-east running San Gabriel and Santa Susana Mountains which are both part of the larger Transverse Ranges. The natural geographic barrier between the basin and the drier valleys lie the Angeles National Forest. Other prominent mountain ranges include the Tehachapi, the San Emigdio, and Sierra Pelona Mountains, all of which are in the northeastern region of the province.
As with the rest of the western coastal regions of Sierra and the continental American coastlines along the Pacific Ocean in general, the Gold Coast lies within the Ring Fire, subjecting the province to frequent earthquakes which may sometimes lead to tsunamis (the latter which is rare). Although the San Andreas Fault does not run through the Gold Coast, the province is nonetheless subjected to its activity. Smaller faults that run near or branch off the San Andreas Fault such as the Whittier Fault, however, do lie within the Gold Coast, and has at times been the cause of notably strong earthquakes. The Gold Coast's unique mountainous geography contributes to the smog and pollution that covers the Gold Coast and neighboring provinces. The steep mountains and the Pacific Ocean also contribute to the notorious Santa Ana winds and wildfires that occur seasonally. Prior to the passage of Proposition 11 in 1998, the Gold Coast included all of the Channel Islands which were off the southwestern coast in the Santa Barbara Channel.
Most of the Gold Coast features a Subtropical-Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb on the coast and Csa inland). The Porciúncula Basin region is characterized by warm or hot summers and mild, cool winters. The weather is generally cooler year-round near the coast. Precipitation generally occurs during the winter and spring with occasional, sporadic thunderstorms during the summertime. Overall, the province annually receives only 35 days of rain with the rest of the days mostly sunny. There are extreme variations in temperature throughout the province. Along the coast, temperatures are generally cooler while inland, mountainous regions are warmer. Snow is exceptionally rare in the valleys but occur more often on the mountains during the winter months of December and January. Like the rest of the coastal southwestern Sierra region, the province is subject to local weather phenomena from June Gloom to the notorious Santa Ana Winds. Northern Gold Coast is considerably drier than southern Gold Coast due to its warm semi-arid steppe climate (Köppen climate classification BSh). With fewer rainfall and higher temperatures during the spring and summer, the climate differences between the two regions are noticeably different although not drastic.
The coastal plains and the Porciúncula Basin are classified as Mediterranean ecoregions and further specified as having a chaparral environment. Much of the southern low-lying regions of the Gold Coast are part of the Sierra coastal sage and chaparral ecoregion. In the Transverse Range mountains, the area features a Sierra montane chaparral and woodlands ecoregion instead.
As a province predominantly featuring a chaparral environment, the Gold Coast is home to hundreds of species of plants, dozens of which are endemic to the region. Among these species include the Artemisia serra (Sierra sagebrush), Salvia mellifera (black sage), Salvia apiana (white sage), Eriogonum fasciculatum (Sierra buckwheat), and Rhus integrifolia (lemonade berry). Various species of grass, cacti, and succulents such as aloe vera, Agave shawii (Shaw's agave), Dudleya caespitosa (coastal dudleya), Cylindropuntia prolifera (coastal cholla), and the Bergerocactus emoryi (golden cereus) are also found naturally along the provincial coast.
The Gold Coast is home to a variety of animal species both terrestrial and marine. Dozens of species of rattlesnakes are endemic to the Gold Coast, including the western diamondback. Other species of reptiles include the Western fence lizard, a native species distributed over all parts of the province. Birds present in the province include the red-tailed hawk, the King condor, and the Anna's hummingbird. There are also several species of insects and spiders including the black widow and the Chilean recluse spider. Terrestrial mammals include the coyote, the mountain lion, the bobcat, the Sierra ground squirrel, and the pocket mouse. In the coasts, sea lions, harbor seals, grey and killer whales, as well as several species of shark live off the coast of the Gold Coast.
The earliest known date of human presence in what is now the Gold Coast is 8000 BC. By 3000 BC, the Tongva people, originally from the Great Basin, settled permanently in the region following an extended drought in their homeland. Other notable tribes in the area included the Serrano who lived in present-day northern Gold Coast and the Mojave, and the Chumash who lived along the coasts of northwest Gold Coast. A hunter-gatherer society, the natives traded extensively with neighboring tribes and utilized the nearby waters extensively for fishing and exploration. By the time the Spanish first arrived to the Gold Coast in 1542, 5,000 to 10,000 Tongva were living in the Gold Coast.
Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo and Sebastián Vizcaíno were the first Europeans to land on the Gold Coast (1542 and 1602 respectively). Although the former declared the Gold Coast and surrounding areas to be Spanish territory, there were no further European development in the area until the arrival of the Franciscan friar, Junípero Serra in 1771. Establishing the Mission San Gabriel Arcángel, the mission was among the first of the 21 sites Serra and his expedition established throughout Sierra. In 1777, the governor of Las Californias Felipe de Neve toured the Spanish territory with the responsibility of selecting sites and establishing civil towns (pueblos) to accommodate Spanish military posts (presidios). Among the pueblos de Neve established included future Gold Coast capital city, Porciúncula. The first Spanish settlers (44 in all; 22 adults and 22 children) to arrive to new town of Los Angeles became known as the Pobladores (the "townspeople").
The Gold Coast remained under Spanish rule until the independence for Mexico was accomplished in 1821. Following Mexican control, the Gold Coast saw an increase number of civilian residents, economic growth, and urban development. Various communities sprung throughout the province and thousands of acres of land were converted into farmland or rancheroes. A semi-secular state, the Mexican government dismantled the Spanish mission system and sold them to the public. Former Presidios and pueblos were also released to the public in a similar manner. With expendable land, the government sold large acreages of unclaimed land to citizens at cheap prices using a relatively rudimentary system. Like the rest of Sierra, then known as Alta California, many Mexican citizens began forming their own distinct identity as Californios.
Throughout Mexican California, more immigrants from the United States began settling in, often without the permission of the Mexican government. Living on the land as citizens required one to accept the teachings of Roman Catholicism and the knowledge of the Spanish language. Many Americans who were Protestant and spoke primarily English, were either unaware of the law or indifferent to it. While the Mexican government attempted to deport Americans who failed to uphold these two requirements, the English-speaking American communities continued to grow, including the Gold Coast. In Porciúncula, Anglo settlers began establishing local organizations to boost their political standing, causing further agitation of local Mexican officers.
Eventually, the outbreak of the Mexican–American War led to a revolt in Alta California that first began in the norhern Californian town of Sonoma and spread to all regions including the Gold Coast. The California Republic was declared shortly thereafter and secured its independence following the end of the war through the signage of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hildago.
With the creation of the California Republic, the Gold Coast was officially organized into the State of Porciúncula, a name reflective of the Gold Coast's largest city and capital. Following the discovery of gold in northern California, international interest in California heightened, elevating the Gold Coast's chances towards further development despite it being over 500 miles south of the region. Advertising its future name, the Gold Coast for its weather and land, Porciúncula presented itself as a "cornucopia" of economic prosperity and sustainability. Porciúncula attracted thousands of Americans, Mexicans, Europeans, and Asians seeking economic opportunities and new lives.
After ten years of independence, the Californian government found itself struggling to assert its sovereignty. The lack of a strong, central government backed with a weak, inefficient police force, led to calls for a stronger, newer government. In 1858, after the formation of the California Constitution Convention, a new constitution was drafted and ratified, effectively creating the Kingdom of Sierra. The former state of Porciúncula was simultaneously admitted into the Kingdom along with 21 other provinces as the "Gold Coast" on November 28, 1858.
Initially, San Francisco City of the San Francisco province was designated as the Kingdom's capital. As it was the capital of the former republic, the government continued to maintain operations there. However, Porciúncula's faster growth and development as well as optimal space led the government to relocate its seat from the northern city to the Gold Coast. This decision bolstered the province's growth as the government allocated more resources and finances to improve the province's standing. From a population little under 25,000 in 1858 to 1.2 million by the end of the 1870s, the province experienced extraordinary economic boom and demographic expansion. During the Sierran Civil War, Porciúncula was under the persistent threat of being overtaken by the Republicans, and was the primary target of Isaiah Landon and his men during the climax of the war period. Porciúncula narrowly escaped invasion when Republican troops were halted at Tejon Pass, some 50 miles north of the Porciúncula Valley, by defending Monarchists who were able to turn the tide of war in favor of the Kingdom.
As Porciúncula continued grow, so did the surrounding regions within the province including Oxnard, Burbank, Long Beach, and West Covina. Continued immigration from Asia created heavily Asian-concentrated communities in Pasadena, Rosemead, and Culver City. Similarly, predominantly Hispanic towns and neighborhoods such as El Monte and Pomona, reflected the apparent socio-ethnic segregation phenomenon occurring in the province.
As Sierra expanded, new government projects and urban development helped accelerate population growth in the Gold Coast. The construction and completion of the Royal Interprovincial Freeway System drastically improved transportation and allowed the rise of more feeder cities around Porciúncula. Meanwhile, the Gold Coast began to establish itself as the international leader in the entertainment industry as filmmakers and entertainers arrived to Hollywood.
Continued investment in the province coupled with innovation and positive population growth, the Gold Coast continued to rise through the 20th century to the economic heavyweight it has become in contemporary times. Among the wealthiest provinces in the Kingdom, the Gold Coast nonetheless has the highest income inequality as it continues to suffer poverty (best evidenced through Porciúncula's Skid Row) and aging public education system. The government of the Gold Coast has, under various governorships including present Prime Minister Steven Hong undertaken the task to improve life for lower income Gold Coasters.
The Sierra Royal Bureau of Census estimates that the population of the Gold Coast in May 2015 is 12,188,005. In the 2010 census, 11,383,987 people were counted as citizens of the Gold Coast. With most of its population growth stemming from continued immigration from regions such as Latin America and Asia, some of the Gold Coast's more established populations have since the early 1990s, began moving out of the province, mostly to the Inland Empire, Clark, or Orange.
Racial and ancestral makeup
- 34% Hispanic White (3,870,555)
- 23% Non-Hispanic White (2,618,317)
- 17% Asian/Pacific Islander (1,935,278)
- 12% Black (1,366,078)
- 8% Mixed of any races (910,720)
- 6% Other races inc. Native Sierran and Hawaiian (683,039)
The Gold Coast has the highest concentration of black Sierrans, the second highest concentration of Hispanics and Asians, as well as the second largest non-Hispanic white population.
The culture of the Gold Coast has held a strong role in the national culture, responsible for many contemporary values and customs held nationwide. A predominantly Western culture, the Gold Coast holds heavy Asian and Hispanic influence, especially the former. Due to its proximity to the coast and the border, the Gold Coast has attracted hundreds of diverse groups and populations who have contributed to the province's culture.
Public perception of the Gold Coast as idyllic, innovative, and an ideal tourist destination has all largely been in part to the province's relatively liberal culture, geography, climate, and economy.
|Affiliation||% of Sierra population|
|Eastern Orthodox||3|| |
|Other Christian||4|| |
|Other Faith||4|| |
|Don't know/refused answer||1|| |
The largest religious denomination by number of adherents in the Gold Coast by percentage in 2010 was the Roman Catholic Church with 31%. The next largest denominations included Evangelical Protestants of any church at 21% and Mainline Protestants of any church at 19%. The largest Protestant churches include the Evangelicals, Lutherans, Baptists, and Seventh-day Adventists. Those unaffiliated with any religion or faith were 17% of the population. Adherents of any of the Orthodox churches represented 3% of the total population. Those part of any other Christian denominations such as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints accounted for 4% of the population.
The official languages of the province include the nine languages recognized nationally (English, Spanish, Chinese, Vietnamese, Korean, Thai, Tagalog, Japanese, and Serran) and two additional languages recognized at the provincial level (Arabic and Armenian).
Approximately 57% of the population (6,488,872) spoke English as their primary language at home while the rest did not. About 28% (3,187,516) spoke the second most commonly spoken language, Spanish. The Gold Coast has the highest concentration in the country of Arabic, Armenian, Korean, Japanese, and Thai speakers; second highest concentration of Chinese, Hindi, Punjabi, Spanish, and Vietnamese speakers; and third largest concentration of Tagalog speakers.
The economy of the Gold Coast is the largest in the country in terms of GDP and is largely driven by international trade, banking and finance, entertainment, technology, tourism, and apparel. The province is also the largest manufacturing center in the country and is home to one of the world's busiest ports: the Ports of Porciúncula and Long Beach. As of 2015, the Gold Coast's gross regional product (GRP) is about $1.089 trillion, or about 21% of Sierra's $5.177 trillion gross domestic product (GDP). If the Gold Coast were its own country, its GDP would make it the 20th largest in the world by GDP, larger than Indonesia, the Netherlands, and Saudi Arabia.
The five largest sectors in the Gold Coast are trade, professional and business utilities, government, education and health services, and financial services. With an economy largely dependent on the service sector, the province nonetheless has had a traditional manufacturing base that continues to thrive in contemporary times. The Gold Coast is the second top producer in the country in chemicals and the top producer in pharmaceuticals, electronics, and computers.
The Gold Coast has the highest demand for electricity and is the largest user of the utility in the entire kingdom. While the province is home to two nuclear power plants, several dozen solar power plants, and an extensive power grid system, a significant amount of energy is imported from other provinces through hydro-electric or solar sources. Coal and natural gas also play an important role in the province's energy usage. Because of the province's large driving population, the demand for petroleum is the highest in the country, with domestic crude oil output accounting for nearly 40% of the national population.
The Gold Coast is renowned for its extensive freeway systems, with over 15 major highways spanning across the province, connecting several major cities to out-of-provincial metropolitan areas. Notorious for frequent traffic jams and pollution, renovation and improvement of the Gold Coast's roads are among the top priorities of the provincial government. The Gold Coast Department of Transportation manages the province's provincial routes as well as the highways part of the national Interprovincial Highway System that run through the province. As of 2015, there are three controlled-access toll highways in the province as well as several paid carpool lanes that contribute to provincial revenue. The Gold Coast Highway Patrol services all highways with police-related law enforcement and assistance.
The Gold Coast's public rail and transit system is provided by Sierrail under the management and supervision of the Gold Coast Provincial Department of Transportation. The primary commuter rail line in the province is Metrolink while an integrated subway and light rail system is provided by GC Rail.
The Porciúncula International Airport (LAX) is the primary commercial airport to service the province and the Greater Porciúncula Area. One of the world's busiest airports, LAX is operated by the Porciúncula World Airports, an agency owned by the City of Porciúncula. Other airports in the province include Van Nuys Internaitonal Airport (VNY) in Van Nuys, the Long Beach Municipal Airport (LGB) in Long Beach, the Bob Hope Airport (BUR) in Burbank, the Antelope Valley Airport (AVA) in Palmdale, Jack Northrop Field (HHR) in Hawthorne, and the Oxnard Airport (OXR) in Oxnard.
Several general aviation airports also service the province. These include the Compton Airport (CPM) in Compton, the San Gabriel Valley Airport (EMT) in El Monte, the Brackett Field (POC) in La Verne, the Whiteman Airport (WHP) in Pacoima, the Santa Monica Airport (SMO) in Santa Monica, the Zamperini Field (TOA) in Torrance, and the Antelope Valley Field (AVF) in Lancaster.
Gold Coast residents are also serviced two other major airports which are located outside the provincial limits: the Riverside-Ontario International Airport (Ontario; RION) and the Queen Angelina Airport (Santa Ana; QAA) with the former based in the province of the Inland Empire and the latter based in the province of Orange.
The province's two principal seaports, the Port of Porciúncula and the Port of Long Beach is the largest and most complex port in North America and is the world's third largest port by shipping volume. In addition, the Port of Porciúncula is the largest cruise center in the country, servicing over a million passengers annually. Ferries also link the Catalina Island to the mainland at Avalon.
Water, an important and hotly contested resource, is the source of ongoing political tension. As with most of the country, the province is subjected to periodic droughts and water shortages, making water use and conservation a critical issue for the province. The Gold Coast receives most of its water from the Porciúncula Aqueduct from northern Sierra and the Colorado River System from eastern Sierra.
Government and politics
A province of Sierra, the Gold Coast features a semi-republican government with an elected governor, alongside its own legislature, courts, constitution, and laws within the context of the Sierran federal system and subject to the Crown. The Crown in Right of the Gold Coast is represented by their appointed Lord Superintendent, who carries out the viceregal duties and responsibilities of the Monarch when the latter is out of the province, or is unable to assume the role wherever appropriate. All laws and orders passed within the Gold Coast at the provincial level are done in the name of the Lord Superintendent. The capital city, Porciúncula, is also the capital of the entire Kingdom itself, although the two systems have distinct and separate institutions/buildings.
The Governor of the Gold Coast, heads the civilian wing of the executive branch, and serves a infinitely renewable term of 4 years. Other executive posts include the Lieutenant Governor, the Attorney General, Secretary of State, Province Treasurer, Province Controller, Province Ombudsman, and Province Superintendent of Education.
The Gold Coast Provincial Legislature is bicameral with the Senate as the upper house and the General Assembly as the lower house. Senators are elected every four years while assemblyman every two years.
The Gold Coast's legal system is based on English common law and elements of the Spanish civil law. The highest court in the province is the Supreme Court, which has oversight over all cases pertaining to the provincial constitutional law and cases originating in the province. Each county in the province is headed by a Superior Court and a Courts of Appeal. Capital punishment is a legal form of punishment and two methods are allowed: lethal injection and firing squad. The latter however, has not been in use since 1961.
With respect to the Sierran federal system and the Monarch, all laws of the Gold Coast may not contradict the Constitution. In addition, federal law where it applies, supersedes provincial laws in theory, although in practice, federal laws may be ignored in place of Gold Coast law. All provincial officials including the Governor swear allegiance to the Monarch and the Lord Superintendent.
Education, an issue relegated from the federal government to the provinces, is overseen by the Gold Coast Department of Education. Home to over 50 postsecondary institutions, among these include the University of the Gold Coast, Porciúncula (UGCP) and the University of Southern Sierra (USS). The main public university systems in the province is the Gold Coast branches of the University of Sierra (University of the Gold Coast) and the Sierra National University (Gold Coast Provincial) systems.
Nearly 700,000 students between the ages of 5 and 18 are enrolled in the Gold Coast's public school system which features four school districts and over 200 schools. Another 30,000 are enrolled in a private, religious, or online school. Some 15,000 are independently tutored or homeschooled.
The Gold Coast is home to eight major professional sports teams, all located in Porciúncula. The following listed below are as follows:
|Porciúncula Dodgers||Baseball||Major League Baseball (MLB)|
|Porciúncula Angels of Anaheim||Baseball||Major League Baseball|
|Porciúncula Clippers||Basketball||National Basketball Association|
|Porciúncula Lakers||Basketball||National Basketball Association|
|Porciúncula Sparks||Basketball||Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA)|
|Porciúncula Kings||Ice hockey||National Hockey League (NHL)|
|Porciúncula Galaxy||Soccer||Royal Premier League (RPL)|
|Porciúncula Football Club||Soccer||Royal Premier League|
Aside from professional sports, the Gold Coast is home to well-established and reputable collegiate sports teams, including the USS Trojans and the UGCLA Bruins. The annual Rose Bowl held in Pasadena is the nation's most important collegiate football event.
| Pacific Ocean|
Channel Islands • Kings
| Pacific Ocean|
| Pacific Ocean|
Channel Islands • Orange
|Orange • Inland Empire|