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Government of Baltia
Regering fon Baltia
Logo Government of Baltia1
SeatGovernment Palace, Riga
AppointerPresident of Baltia
Formation1918
Websitebaltia_gov.bl

The Government of Baltia (Baltish: Regering fon Baltia) is a collective body that exercises executive power pursuant to the Constitution and the laws of the Republic of Baltia. It is also known as the Cabinet.

The Cabinet carries out the country’s domestic and foreign policy, shaped by Parliament and it directs and co-ordinates the work of government institutions and bears full responsibility for everything occurring within the authority of executive power. The Government, headed by the Prime Minister, thus represents the political leadership of the country and makes decisions in the name of the whole executive power.

The current government is led by Prime Minister Jürgen Ratzlaff.

History

Government Palace (Baltia) (2)

The Government Palace in 2004, prior its last renovation.

The Government was created by the Constitution of Baltia in 1920, after succesive provisional governments. The Government was preceded by the Executive Council (1810-1917) and by the Council of Baltia (1917-1918).

The first coalition government was formed in 1918 and all governments since 1999 have been coalitions of two or more parties.

Since 1945, five governments has been defeated by a vote of no confidence against one of its members or the whole government.

Powers and role

The following duties are attributed to the cabinet by the Constitution of Baltia:

  • Executes the domestic and foreign policies of the State.
  • Directs and co-ordinates the activities of Government agencies.
  • Administers the implementation of laws, resolutions of the Landtag and legislation of the President of the Republic of Baltia.
  • Introduces bills and submits international treaties to the Landtag for ratification and denunciation.
  • Prepares the draft of the State budget and submits it to the Landtag, administers the implementation of the State budget and presents a report on the implementation of the State budget to the Landtag.
  • Issues regulations and orders on the basis of and for the implementation of law.
  • Manages relations with other states.
  • Performs other duties which the Constitution and the laws vest in the Government of the Republic.

Composition

The Government comprises the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, ministers and secretaries of State (junior ministers). Each minister usually heads a ministry and has assigned to him or her one or more secretaries of State.

In addition to the ministries, several offices and bodies depend directly on the Government as the Permanent Representation of Baltia to the EU or the National Security Council, among others.

Current Government

The incumbent government of Baltia is a coalition government formed by the People's Party (BFP), the Social Democratic Party (SP) and the Christian Social Union (CSU). The cabinet was appointed by incoming President Christine Kallenbach on 23 November 2016.

Portfolio Minister Took office Left office Party
Prime Minister Jürgen Ratzlaff 23 November 2016 Incumbent BFP
Deputy Prime Minister
Minister of Health
Eugen Osinsky 23 November 2016 Incumbent SP
Minister of Foreign Affairs Sfen Mitterer 23 November 2016 Incumbent SP
Minister of Finance Sfen Sessler 23 November 2016 12 June 2017 CSU
Thomas Tiedemann 12 June 2017 Incumbent CSU
Minister of the Interior Andreas Annenberg 23 November 2016 Incumbent SP
Minister of Justice Udo Reimann 23 November 2016 Incumbent CSU
Minister of Education and Research Elise Rehn 23 November 2016 Incumbent BFP
Minister of Defence Markus Tscherning 23 November 2016 12 June 2017 CSU
Jürgen Lusch 12 June 2017 Incumbent CSU
Minister of Labour and Social Affairs Katja Ilgner 23 November 2016 Incumbent CSU
Minister of Infrastructure and Transport Kerstin Simmel 23 November 2016 Incumbent BFP
Minister of Economic Affairs Ute Pauli 23 November 2016 Incumbent SP
Minister of Rural Affairs Martin Reichmann 23 November 2016 9 December 2016 BFP
Tobias Tannen 12 December 2016 Incumbent BFP
Minister of Environment and Natural Protection Markus Pöllmacher 23 November 2016 12 June 2017 CSU
Simon Kiesel 12 June 2017 Incumbent CSU
Minister of Culture Henrik Sachs 23 November 2016 Incumbent SP
Minister of Public Administration and Regional Affairs Michael Korkin 23 November 2016 24 May 2017 BFP
Jakob Aft 12 June 2017 Incumbent BFP

List of Governments

N.GovernmentDuration of GovernmentDays in OfficeParties Involved
1 Narutowicz (Provisional Cabinet) 24 March 1918 - 28 June 1918 97 BB, NRP, BSDAP, UP
2 Schmidt (Provisional Cabinet) 28 June 1918 - 4 December 1918 160 BB, NRP, BSDAP (Until 1918), UP
3 Sauer (Provisional Cabinet) 4 December 1918 - 4 April 1919 122 BB, UP
4 Dorfmann 4 April 1919 - 20 January 1920 292 NRP, BB
5 Forgrimler I 20 January 1920 - 21 March 1921 427 BB, NRP
6 Strassmann 21 March 1921 - 8 November 1923 963 BSDAP, RAP
7 Pilz 8 November 1923 - 12 December 1924 401 BSDAP, RAP (Until 1924)
8 Gattermann (Caretaker Cabinet) 12 December 1924 - 6 March 1925 85
9 Pasche I 6 March 1925 - 4 March 1929 1460 BB
10 Pasche II 4 March 1929 - 28 August 1931 908 BB, CDU
11 Forgrimler II 28 August 1931 - 15 January 1932 141 BB, CDU
12 Teller 15 January 1932 - 27 May 1932 134 CDU, BB
13 Reitz 27 May 1932 - 15 May 1933 354 BDP, BB
14 Forgrimler III 15 May 1933 - 4 September 1933 113 BB
15 Albrecht 4 September 1933 - 1 March 1934 179 BSDAP, BDP, RDP
16 Totleben 1 March 1934 - 15 May 1935 441 BB, BSDAP (Until 1934), CDU (From 1934)
17 Ehmann (Caretaker Cabinet) 15 May 1935 - 22 October 1935 161
18 Ullmann 22 October 1935 - 8 January 1936 79 BNU, CDU
19 Metzger I 8 January 1936 - 18 September 1939 1350 BNU, CDU (Until 1936)
20 Metzger II 18 September 1939 - 15 June 1940 272 BNU
21 Schwortz 15 June 1940 - 18 June 1940 4 BNU
22 Kremers (Acting Cabinet) 18 June 1940 - 21 July 1940 33
No Baltish government (21 July 1940 - 1 October 1941)
23 Uhlemann (Acting Cabinet; in exile) 1 October 1941 - 23 August 1942 326
24 Thiessen (Acting Cabinet; in exile) 23 August 1942 - 5 May 1945 986
25 Meisser (Acting Cabinet) 5 May 1945 - 16 October 1945 165 BSDAP/SP, BFP, SFP, BB, KW
26 Schmidt I 16 October 1945 - 14 October 1949 1460 SP, BFP
27 Schmidt II 14 October 1949 - 10 October 1952 1093 SP, BFP
28 Mucke I 10 October 1952 - 8 October 1953 364 SP, BFP, BB
29 Mucke II 8 October 1953 - 15 October 1957 1469 SP, BFP, BB
30 Mucke III 15 October 1957 - 17 December 1958 429 SP, BFP (Until 1958), BB
31 Kindler I 17 December 1958 - 13 December 1962 1458 BFP, SP (Until 1960), BB (From 1960)
32 Kindler II 13 December 1962 - 16 December 1966 1465 BFP, BB
33 Fischbein I 16 December 1966 - 18 December 1970 1464 BFP, SP
34 Fischbein II 18 December 1970 - 18 December 1974 1462 BFP, SP
35 Fischbein III 18 December 1974 - 18 August 1978 1340 BFP, SP
36 Grimminger 18 August 1978 - 21 December 1978 126 BFP
37 Spahn I 21 December 1978 - 16 December 1982 1457 SP, ZP
38 Spahn II 16 December 1982 - 18 December 1986 1464 SP, ZP
39 Spahn III 18 December 1986 - 22 January 1991 1497 SP, ZP
40 Lutz 22 January 1991 - 22 June 1992 518 BFP, CSU
41 Pracht (Caretaker Cabinet) 22 June 1992 - 7 January 1993 200
42 Lasch I 7 January 1993 - 25 November 1994 688 CSU, BFP, CDP
43 Taschner 25 November 1994 - 17 April 1995 144 BFP, CSU, CDP (Until 1995)
44 Scheller 17 April 1995 - 25 March 1999 1439 SP
45 Lasch II 25 March 1999 - 28 January 2002 1041 CSU, ZP, SP
46 Kallmann 28 January 2002 - 10 April 2003 438 ZP, BFP
47 Reitter 10 April 2003 - 12 April 2005 734 CSU, ZP, RP
48 Annen I 12 April 2005 - 5 April 2007 724 ZP, BFP, RP
49 Annen II 5 April 2007 - 6 April 2011 1463 ZP, CSU, SP (Until 2009)
50 Annen III 6 April 2011 - 26 March 2014 1086 ZP, CSU
51 Romberg I 26 March 2014 - 9 April 2015 380 ZP, SP
52 Romberg II 9 April 2015 - 23 November 2016 595 ZP, SP, CSU
53 Ratzlaff 23 November 2016 - - BFP, SP, CSU

See also

Prime Minister of Baltia
Elections in Baltia
Political parties in Baltia

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