Hani 147.5 million (total)|
139.5 million (domestic)
8 million (overseas)
|Regions with significant populations|
|United Arab Emirates||679,819|
|Han (Zhenjing, Kalayan, Suwu, Kabikolan, Taosuga), Chinese (Han Hokkien, Han Mandarin), English|
Christianity (mostly Protestantism, Catholicism, Church of Latter Day Saints)
Various non-Christian religions (Islam and Canaanism)
Unaffiliated (atheism, agnosticism, irreligious)
| ||This article contains Han text. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Han Hanzi.|
|Part of a series on the|
|Culture of Hani|
Hans, or the Han people (人的大華; Lin nan Taihan), is a term that refers to the citizens of the Great Han Empire, specifically individuals who affliate themselves with the Han ethnic identity. Han ethnic identity is linked to race and ethnicity (ethnic nationalism) as opposed to citizenship and allegiance (civic nationalism), with laws pertaining to nationality reflecting this notion. The term does not apply to other ethnic minorities, whom may be naturalized as citizens or granted permanent residency, are nevertheless legally considered non-Hans. Hans constitute the ethnic majority within Hani, comprising over ninety percent of the population. With eight million individuals, the Han diaspora is fairly large and mainly concentrated within the Middle East (as contract workers) and Anglo-America (as political émigrés). Hans are typically considered East Asians, sharing extensive cultural ties with the Sinosphere rather than its fellow Southeast Asians, despite being geographically situated in the latter. Confucianism, and other Chinese philosophies including Taoism provides the fundamental basis for Han culture. Han identity is also associated with its claim as the successor to the Ming throne, as well as adherence to and the patronage of Confucianism.
The majority speak the Han language, which is divided into forty dialects forming a dialect continuum, and are often mutually unintelligible. Most Hans are, bidialectal, fluent in both the regional and standard varieties. However, the standardized variety has been vigorously promoted in recent years, often at the expense of others. Despite stringent assimilationist policies geared at promoting a monolithic culture, there are several distinct subcultures, including (but not limited to); Palawañenos, Kalayaner, and Kaboloaner, who all display various customs and practices distinct from mainstream culture. Within the nation, there are also other ethnic minorities, including Ifugao, Moluo, and White Hans, many of whom reject and criticize the tenets Han nationalism and have propped up various self-determination movements.
Citizenship is determined through the jus sanguinis (right of blood) doctrine, in which children at birth automatically receive Han citizenship if at least one biological parent has Han (or any native ethnic group) ancestry, regardless of allegiance, culture, or place of birth. Dual citizenship is only recognized if the individual has resided within Hani for at least five years, and thus has been naturalized. Those with dual citizenship are prevented from obtaining higher political posts or offices. All Han citizens have the right to renounce their citizenship in favour of another, but may not re-obtain Han citizenship within less than five years of the decision. There is a strict immigrant policy, however, immigration recently has been especially rapid, with over a million immigrants arriving in the past fifteen years. However, these immigrants could not receive Han citizenship unless they have been naturalized and assimilated into the social norms of Han society, with many opting for permanent residency instead.