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Hanji

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Hanji
Type
Syllabary
Languages Han
Parent systems
Sister systems
Hanzi (simplified Chinese, traditional Chinese, Sierran Hanzi), Kanji, Kana, Hanja, Zhuyin, Chữ Nôm, Khitan script, Jurchen script
Direction Left-to-right
ISO 15924 Hani, 500
Unicode alias
Han
Hanji (Han: 干尢乞; 漢字, tr. Hanji), often erroneously known as the Han alphabet, is a syllabic script, which alongside rōmaji and Hanzi are used to transcribe written Han. Formulated by a group of scholars during the mid-18th century, its characters are generally derived from Chinese radicals, though several have been modified and are only found in Hanji. Initially utilized as a ruby script, it eventually replaced Baybayin, and was used to transcribe morphemes that lacked or had an obsolete Hanzi character counterpart while Hanzi continued to be used to transcribe nouns or other root words.

Each syllable found in the Han language can be expressed with a character, but those containing a coda are expressed with trigraphs (a syllable expressed through three separate characters). Hanji is typically written or typed with spaces, allowing the readers to easily distinguish between words. Standardized Hanji characters and Han orthography is regulated by the Commission on the Han language. Contemporary Han is written solely in Hanji.

List

Vowels
  • a – 丶
  • e – ⼯
  • i – 一
    • becomes /j/ when placed before another vowel
  • o – 𠃋
  • u – 亠
    • becomes /w/ when placed before another vowel
Consonant–vowels
  • m
    • ma – 川
    • mi/me – 么
    • mo – 万
    • mu – 马
  • p/b
    • ba – 八
    • be – 北
    • bi – 比
    • bo – 夂
    • bu – 卜
    • po – 丫夂
    • pu – 丫卜
    • fu – 付
  • n
    • na – 七
    • ne – 乙
    • ni – 二
    • no – 丿
  • t/d
    • da – 大 
    • de – 元
    • do – 刀
    • ta – 丫大
    • te – 丫元
    • to – 丫刀
  • s/sh
    • sha – 丫什
    • sho – 丫卅
    • shu – 丫⼨
    • shi – 心
    • sa – 什
    • se – 弋
    • so – 卅
    • su – ⼨
  • r/l
    • ra – 亽
    • ri – 乥
    • ro – 丶
    • ru – 了
    • li – 丨
  • ch/j
    • ja – 从
    • ji – 乞
    • jo – 久
    • ju – 亍
    • cha – 丫从
    • chi – 丫乞
    • cho – 丫久
    • chu – 丫亍
  • k/g
    • ga – ⼒
    • ge – 巜
    • gi – 十
    • go – 个
    • gu – 勹
    • ka – 丫⼒
    • kei – 丫巜
    • ko – 丫个
    • ku – 丫勹
  • h
    • ha – 干
    • he – 丅
    • hi – 下
    • ho – 九
    • hwa – 化
  • n – 尢
  • ng – 尢尢
Special symbols
  • [indicates voiceless consonant] – 丫
  • [following character is turned to consonant – ri becomes l] – ゝ

Footnotes

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