Himno a Centroamérica ("Anthem of Central America") is the national anthem of the federal republic of Central America. The lyrics were written by Rafael Arévalo Martínez and the music was composed by R. A. Castillo. It's currently unknown when occured its first perfomance, since it was originally written as a poem.
Ernesto Burgos, first President of Central America chose Himno a Centroamérica among already existing songs and new compositions for the Federal Anthem. La Granadera, the anthem of the United Provinces of Central America, was discarded because he thought such song would remind the former failed federation and bring down the morale and spirit of the new country.
The legislatures of the five individual countries that form the actual Federation passed an act approving Himno a Centroamérica as the official Anthem of Central America before the Federal Congress was established. The anthem was officially and definitely adopted on February 25, 2001.
The first public perfomance of Himno a Centrroamérica took place on December 22, 2000, the formal ceremony of the union of Central America into a federation in the Plaza de la Constitución in Guatemala City, the new Federal District of the Union. It was sung and played by members of the national orchestras and choruses of the constituent states of the Federation, former countries.
The term "Central American" is never used directly in the lyrics. Arévalo Martínez refers the Central American peoples as "siblings" or "brothers". It should also be noted that the lyrics make reference only to five countries, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, because Belize and Panama, although situated in Central America geographically, have never had strong political or cultural ties with the aforementioned countries.
The current anthem replaces those of the former countries that form the Federation. However, they still retain official status within the corresponding states, being sung in statal-exclusive events or representations.