The land now called Southern Cross Archipelago, was claimed by Portugal in May 1500—38 days after the discovery of Brazil—, on the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The Portuguese encountered an uninhabited land.
Southern Cross Captaincy
Main Article: Southern Cross Captaincy
The Southern Cross Captaincy was one of the subdivisions of Brazil during the colonial period until the arrive of John VI of Portugal, when it had become a state of the United kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Southern Cross.
Ooccupation and the Foundation of Santana
The colonization was effectively begun in 1579, more precisely on July 26, day of Our Lady St. Anne, according the Catholic calendar. It was during the reign of Henry, the Cardinal-King of Portugal (Portuguese: Henrique I, Cardeal-Rei de Portugal) or Henry, the Chaste (Henrique I, o Casto).