The history of the Southern Cross Republic extends for over 500 years. It was a colony of Portugal from the landing of Pedro Álvares Cabral in 1500 until its independence in 1912.


The land now called Southern Cross Archipelago, was claimed by Portugal in May 1500—38 days after the discovery of Brazil—, on the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The Portuguese encountered an uninhabited land.

Southern Cross Captaincy

Main Article: Southern Cross Captaincy

The Southern Cross Captaincy was one of the subdivisions of Brazil during the colonial period until the arrive of John VI of Portugal, when it had become a state of the United kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Southern Cross.

Ooccupation and the Foundation of Santana

The colonization was effectively begun in 1579, more precisely on July 26, day of Our Lady St. Anne, according the Catholic calendar. It was during the reign of Henry, the Cardinal-King of Portugal (Portuguese: Henrique I, Cardeal-Rei de Portugal) or Henry, the Chaste (Henrique I, o Casto).

European Immigration First Wave

Independence and Recognition

The Coimbra's Era

Post-War, the European Immigration Second Wave

The 60s in South America

Petroleum and the Economic Boom

Present days

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