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The 1955 Howland House of Representatives election was the third election to the House of Representatives of Howland.  It took place on Saturday, June 26, 1955, to elect all 30 seats in the House.  A presiential election and elections to the Senate were held on the same day.  The 30 Representatives comprised the 3rd House of Representatives of Howland, which existed from August 5, 1955, until August 5, 1958, during the 13th through the 18th ordinary sessions of the National Assembly of Howland.

The incumbent center-right Independence Party of Howland led by Prime Minister Ben Goodwin sought a third term against the opposition center-left Howland Social Democrats led by Opposition leader Timothy Kelley.  Independence was returned to government with 17 out of the 30 seats.  This election was notable in that a candidate from neither of the two major parties was elected for the first time.

Reapportionment

Every six years, the boundaries of the constituencies are redrawn to compensate for changes in the demographics of the constituences in the previous years, and to ensure that every constituency has an approximately equal number of enrolled voters.  The non-partisan Boundary Commission uses census data and voter enrollment records to make adjustments to the constituencies' boundaries, and, where necessary, establish or abolish constituencies.

Prior to the 1955 election, the boundaries to most constituencies were adjusted slightly.  The constituencies of Blakeport Hills and Estuary were abolished.  Most of Blakeport Hills was absorbed into a new constituency, named Evans, and the incumbent Representative for Blakeport Hills stood for re-election in Evans.  Most of Estuary constituted the new constituency of Parker.

Candidates

A total of 226 candidates were listed on the ballot papers in this election, nearly twice the number of the 1952 election.  Due to a change in the way in which parties were reimbursed for election expenses, smaller parties took part on a far wider scale than in either of the two previous elections.

Retiring incumbents

The following sitting Representatives announced they would not re-contest their seats in the 1955 election:



Results

Howland House of Representatives election, 1955: Summary
Party Leader Primary
Vote
 % PV Swing Seats
Won
Change
  Independence Party of Howland 165,464 41.33 –3.56 17 –1
  Howland Social Democrats 152,631 38.13 –2.36 12 ±0
  Progressives 24,637 6.15 +0.57 0 ±0
  Christian Democratic Party 19,685 4.92 +0.62 1 +1
  Rural and Country Party 7,744 1.93 +0.75 0 ±0
  Howland Party of Labour 7,416 1.85 +1.39 0 ±0
  Conservationist Party of Howland 5,721 1.43 +0.27 0 ±0
  Agrarian Party 5,326 1.33 +0.83 0 ±0
  Peace and Freedom Party 4,435 1.11 +0.51 0 ±0
  Non-Party Candidates 7,269 1.82 +0.98 0 ±0
valid votes 400,328 97.31 +0.78 30 ±0
invalid votes 11,083 2.69 –0.78
turnout 411,411 83.08 –1.49
Two-party preferred result
  Independence Party of Howland 207,110 51.74 –0.58 18 ±0
  Howland Social Democrats 193,218 48.26 +0.58 12 ±0


Constituencies changing hands

Constituency Pre-election Swing Post-election
Party Representative Margin Margin Representative Party
Ash   Independence Nelson Hogan 7.29 –0.77 6.52 Ryan Dillinger   Independence
Blakeport Hills   Social Democrats Charles Ainsworth ‡‡ 3.17 –3.17 Constituency abolished
Calhoun   Independence Horance Dunlap 3.96 +3.97 7.93 Bill Kellin   Independence
Estuary   Independence Ron Douglas ‡‡‡ 8.27 –8.27 Constituency abolished
Evans Constituency established +1.92 1.92 Charles Ainsworth   Social Democrats
Hayes   Independence Matthew Frame 4.45 +2.21 6.66 Alan Barnes   Independence
Helensville   Independence Mark Lee 1.07 –3.73 2.66 Michael McGowan   Social Democrats
Parker Constituency established +1.03 1.03 Paul McGuire   Christian Democratic
Ravensdale   Social Democrats Charles Oakes 4.02 +1.39 5.41 John Loeb   Social Democrats
Wyatt   Social Democrats Noel Hicks 1.68 –2.29 0.61 Ted Grey   Independence

‡ = indicates an incumbent who did not re-contest his or her seat in the election   

‡‡ = Charles Ainsworth contested the new seat of Evans

‡‡‡ = Ron Douglas contested the new seat of Parker  

Post-election pendulum

GOVERNMENT SEATS   OPPOSITION SEATS
MARGINAL MARGINAL
Wyatt Ted Grey IPH 50.61 Evans Charles Ainsworth HSD 51.92
Kingsford Wilfred Nelson IPH 51.11 Helensville Michael McGowan HSD 52.66
Mitchell Paul Harrington IPH 53.03 Armstrong Arthur Sherman HSD 53.44
Whelan Alphonso Murphy IPH 55.89 Lappin Shane Simpson HSD 53.59
FAIRLY SAFE Ravensdale John Loeb HSD 55.41
Conroy Terrence Graves IPH 56.04 FAIRLY SAFE
Valley Bertie McGee IPH 56.40 Voxall Dominic O'Brien HSD 56.23
Ash Ryan Dillinger IPH 56.52 Blakeport Central Timothy Kelley HSD 56.66
Warren Stephen Caldwell IPH 56.53 Southway Rex Wright HSD 56.84
Hayes Alan Barnes IPH 56.66 South Blakeport Chad Lewis HSD 57.48
Calhoun Bill Kellin IPH 57.93 SAFE
Shaw Luther Wilkins IPH 58.12 Barlow Ella Timmins HSD 60.22
Greene Jim Hale IPH 59.70 Cosgrove Gwendolyn Bowman HSD 65.44
SAFE VERY SAFE
Three Rivers Frank Watson IPH 62.15 Warrick Ralph Nelson HSD 70.26
Clayworth Marvin Hubbard IPH 62.50 INDEPENDENT SEATS
De Forest Preston Robbins IPH 63.66 Parker Paul McGuire CDP 51.03 vs. HSD
Kinlan Rodney Dixon IPH 63.76  
Clarke Ben Goodwin IPH 67.33


Elections in Howland
Presidential 19491955196119671973 • 19791985 • 199119972003
20092015
House of
Representatives
1949195219551958196119641967197019731976
1979 • 1982 • 1985 • 1988 • 1991 • 1994 • 1997 • 2000 • 2003 • 2006
2009 • 2012 • 2015
Senate 19491951195319551957 • 1959 • 1961196319651967
1969 • 1971 • 1973 • 1975 • 1977 • 1979 • 1981 • 1983 • 1985 • 1987
1989 • 1991 • 1993 • 1995 • 1997 • 1999 • 2001 • 2003 • 2005 • 2007
2009 • 2011 • 2013 • 2015


 

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