Motto: Libertà o morte
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani
Royal anthem: Giovinezza
Location in the world
Map of the Nation itself
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Greek, Slovene, Croatian|
|Government||Unitary presidential republic|
|Alfonso Garonni (MSI)|
|Vincenzo Magristidis (MSI)|
|Guglielmo Stirlini (S)|
|Francesco Vassi (MSI)|
• Unification of the Italian Peninsula
|17 March 1861|
• Estabilishment of the Republic
|2 June 1946|
|510,095 km2 (196,949 sq mi) (92nd)|
• 2012 estimate
• Per capita
• Per capita
very high · 30th
|Currency||Italian Lira (ITL)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|Drives on the||right|
The Italic Republic (Italian: Repubblica Italica; Greek: Ιταλική Δημοκρατία; Slovene: Italicka Republika; Croatian: Talicka Republika) is a republic located in Southern Europe, with Rome being capital. It is composed of 30 regions and 107 provinces.
In 1946, after the end of World War II, Italy's situation was economically dreadful: lacking of basic elements such as wheat were on the agenda. In politics, the Fascism was no longer deemed "acceptable" by the people; therefore, in the same year, a universal suffrage referendum was held about what government type (Monarchy or Republic) would have been the best.
In 1947, since the Paris Peace Treaties, the nation had to give up its concession of Tientsin, Dodecanese, Libya, Somalia, Eritrea, Ethiopia and Albania.
In 1948, the Marshall Plan gave a major help in the economy, which, in later years, will be considered the "key" of the economic boom. A year later, the INA-Casa plan, launched by Amintore Fanfani, is approved by the Parliament, giving another push to the economy.
In 1950, the United Nations entrusted Italy the Trust Territory of Somalia, which was to be ended by 1960. Always on the same year, the Unione Italiana del Lavoro was born. On May 12th, the Sila law entered in effect, which expropriated and reassigned some poorly cultivated areas of Calabrian mount area; the law was later extended to Apulia, Basilicata, Fucine Basin, Maremma and the Po delta. On August 10th, the Cassa del Mezzogiorno was founded by Alcide De Gasperi and Pasquale Saraceno, in order to aid the Southern Areas.
In 1951, the Vanoni reform, so-called for the promoter, Ezio Vanoni, reformed the tax system and introduced the annual statement of income policy. On April 18th, Italy, along with other European nations, firmed the Treaty of Paris, which led to the creation of the European Coal and Steel Community. On July 26th, De Gasperi was elected for the seventh time.
In 1953, the law n. 136 was approved by the Parliament, leading to the foundation of the Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi (ENI). On March 31st, a new Electoral Law was approved among heated controversies. The law was abolished the next year.
On January 3rd 1954, the transmissions were officially started, for that time only viewable in Piedmont, Lombardy, Liguria, Emilia, Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio. Two days later, the then-Prime Minister Giuseppe Pella resigned; Amintore Fanfani tried to succeed him, but failed. On September 18th, following the Caso Montesi, the Minister of Foreign Affairs Attilio Piccioni is forced to resign; Gaetano Martino succeeds him.
Italy is located in Mediterranean Europe; its total area is of 510,095 km². It is home of 76 UNESCO heritages.
The territory is divided into 30 regions, which are divided in 113 provinces, in turn divided in 452 districts and 113 autonomous cities, directly controlled by the province