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Law and justice in the reformed United States is based on the Constitution of the United States, which is the foundation and guide for the reformed United States government. The other levels of law, such as state and local laws, cannot come in direct contrast of the Constitution, and may come under investigation if determined otherwise.

General Overview

Constitution

The Constitution is the key regulatory document of the federal, state and local governments. It provides wide and basic limitations to all levels of government and in the Bill of Rights highlights the most important rights of citizens. No other law, federal nor state may contradict the Constitution, however, the Senate may call a vote to amend or change the document.

Levels of Law

Federal Law

Federal Law is the highest form of law, and thus works with the United States Constitution. Laws passed by Congress and the Prime Minister are classified as federal law. The Constitution provides that federal law forever remains above any state law or local ordinance, which means that any law contradicting federal statutory law or the Constitution itself will be consider null and void. "Federal offences" or "federal crimes" are crimes which are illegal under federal legislation.

Law by type

Maine article: List of United States federal legislation

State

State law is the lowest form of law, and works within the basis of the federal laws and the United States Constitution. State offences are usually dealt with in the State Courts, but very major crimes involving the government are taken to the Supreme Court.

Courts

  • Supreme Court
  • State Court
  • County Superior Court
  • City Court

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