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League of Nations
Flag of the League of Nations
Emblem of the League of Nations
Flag Emblem
Headquarters Porciúncula, Kingdom of Sierra
(International territory)
Official languages Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish
Membership 189 member states
2 observer states
Leaders
• Secretary-General
Flag of South Korea Ban Ki-Moon
• Deputy Secretary-General
Flag of Sierra David Washoe
• President of General Assembly
Flag of Russia Boris Litvinenko
Establishment
10 January 1920 (1920-01-10)
• Charter entered into force
16 January 1920 (1920-01-16)
Website
www.ln.org

The League of Nations (abbreviated LN) is an intergovernmental organization established on January 10, 1920 by the Treaty of Versailles. Following the aftermath of World War II, the LN was restructured to address its ineffectiveness to prevent the conflict of World War II. The headquarters and central organizational complex of the LN is situated in Porciúncula and enjoys extraterritorial status. Additional office buildings are located in New York City, Geneva, and Tokyo. The main objectives and mission for the LN is to promote international peace, to defend human rights, to encourage economic prosperity and growth, and to provide humanitarian relief in cases of conflict, famine, natural disasters, and other crises.

The LN is composed of two main bodies: the General Assembly (main deliberative body) and the Security Council (focused on security and peace resolutions). Other bodies include the Economic and Social Council, International Court of Justice, World Bank, World Health and Food Organization, and the Secretariat. The LN is led by the Secretary-General who oversees the administration of the LN, serves as its spokesperson, and presides over General Assembly meetings. The Secretary-General, the leader of the United Nations, is appointed every 5 years, with Korean Ban Ki-moon serving since 2007.

History

The desire to create a peaceful organization enjoining the nations of the world has been evident as early as 1775 in Immanuel Kant's Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch which promoted a league of nations working together in peace and resolving conflict. Kant argued that each state would be free and respect both citizens and foreigners as fellow rational beings and establish a peaceful community short of an actual world government. An actual instance of such multinational organizations after Kant's time emerged as the Concert of Europe following the conclusion of the Napoleonic Wars in the 19th century. At this time, international law began to develop as the first Geneva Conventions were signed and ratified, and the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 signed to regulate war and peace negotiations in international disputes.

Structure

General Assembly

League of Nations Headquarters

The League of Nations General Assembly and Security Council convene daily at the main building complex in Porciúncula, Sierra.

189 sovereign states have membership within the League of Nations while one Vatican City, are observer states.

Security Council

There are eight permanent members in the Security Council that hold the power to veto: China, France, Germany, India, Russia, Sierra, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Fifteen nations from five distinct geographic regions are elected to serve as temporary members every two years. Previous permanent members include the Republic of China and the Soviet Union.

Other bodies

Membership

Objectives

Funding

See also

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