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This is a list of cases heard by the Constitutional Court since the adoption of the 1913 Constitution of the Kingdom of Washingtonia.

Weral Court (1913-1916)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Shaun Weral:

Case name Citation Date Subject Decision
The Throne vs. Peck 01-1913 CC Implied powers of the Monarch(y) Although the Constitution does not explicitly state the various powers and privileges of the Monarchy in general government, most of its powers are implied due to the Monarch's sovereignty.
The Throne vs. Hayburn 03-1914 CC Definition of "God of the Christian Religion" The God of the Christian Religion, regarded as the Emperor of Washingtonia, is the Jehovah or the Father referenced throughout the Holy Bible. Application of the phrase may also apply to Jesus Christ and the Holy Spirit in the case of a trinitarian interpretation.
Speaker (Grand Assembly) vs. Supreme Court 02-1915 CC Judicial review The Courts have the ability to strike down legislation deemed to be inconsistent with the Constitution. The Courts may do so of their own accord or in the process of trial or suit.


Trembly Court (1916-1927)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Alfred Trembly:

Case name Citation Date Subject Decision
Hall vs. The Throne 04-1921 CC Conscription Conscription in terms of the Military Conscription Act of 1914 violates liberty under the Constitution due to vagueness. Act must clearly define the conscription as well as its importance to national interest to be valid.

Vincent Court (1927-1936)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Jon Vincent:

Cardin Court (1936-1950)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Stephen Cardin:

Case name Citation Date Subject Decision
Peters vs. The Throne 02-1942 CC Validity of the Constitution. The Constitution does not violate its predecessor's (the Assembly Pact) envisioned principles of equality and tolerance with regards to religion. Both principles are part of the Christian faith. Also upheld SC judgement that the supreme Constitution, as democratically enacted, voided the Assembly Pact regardless.
The Throne vs. The Crown 01-1946 CC Crimes involving the Monarch. Default judgement due to defense's refusal to continue participating and attend court dates. King Brandon I found guilty on all charges. See Constitutional Crisis of 1946.

Gilbert Court (1950-1962)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice John Gilbert:

Gabriel Court (1962-1966)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Thomas Gabriel:

Hart Court (1966-1985)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Paul Hart:

Case name Citation Date Subject Decision
FEDERAL vs. The Throne 02-1971 CC Patriarchal wording of Constitution The framers of the Constitution intended it to apply chiefly only to males (or "men" as it appears in the text). Framers intended to establish a patriarchal society based around Christian values, which the Court acknowledged includes wide protection and application to women.
FEDERAL vs. Commissioner (South Island Prisons) 06-1982 CC Cruel and unusual treatment Court held that the right to life in the Constitution does not only apply to the question of actually killing another person, but also applies to bodily integrity and the ability to live without duress. A "right to dignity" is recognized by the Court within the right to life. South Island Prisons ordered to pay millions in damages to several then-current and former inmates.

Robnett Court (1985-27 Jan 1996)

Cases heard under former Chief Justice Frederick Robnett:

Howsham Court (27 Jan 1996-present)

Cases heard under current Chief Justice Allen Howsham:

Case name Citation Date Subject Decision
Arbor vs. Matteos 12-1998 CC Defamation Went further than SC decision and modified the common law. The Court stated that the allegation (in terms of defamation) must be truthful (or a bona fide belief that it is true - based on French law) and that it must also be in the national interest to be revealed. Chief Justice Howsham stated that much of the ruling's inspiration came from the British Libel Act, which added that public benefit must be proven. This decision was subsequently codified in the Defamation and Personal Damage Act. Appeal dismissed.
Harcourt vs. The Throne 14-1999 CC Adoption The Court decided that the Adoption Act was questionable in terms of the right to liberty, however that it was in line with the Constitution as far as that it was in the national interest to provide homes to children without. Justice LeClaire dissented from the majority and stated that it unequivocally violates the right to liberty.
Reynolds vs. Minister (Interior) 09-2005 CC Homosexual marriage and activities The Court upheld the SC ruling and added that the "national morals" defense was irrelevant. Chief Justice Howsham specifically stated that homosexual activities (not only marriages) violated Section 2 of Chapter 1 of the Constitution (the basic provisions), as it (within the interpretation of the Court) goes against the teachings in the Bible.
Minister (National Intelligence) et al. vs. FreeInfo 04-2009 CC National security Upheld SC ruling and recommended to the Grand Assembly to enact legislation which clearly defines sensitive information and the access to it. The Grand Assembly subsequently passed the Security of Intelligence Act, the Access to Certain Sensitive Information Act and the Prohibition on Certain Speech Act, all of which are controversial in Washingtonian civil society and political activism.
Martins vs. Commissioner (Washingtonian Police Department) 11-2010 CC Entrapment. Held that it does not constitute entrapment for the police to deliberately wait for a drug deal to take place. Appeal dismissed.

See also

Kingdom of Washingtonia flag Law of Washingtonia
Core subjects Constitutional law | Administrative law | Private law | Criminal law
Further reading Human and civil rights | Royal prerogative | Legal profession
Legislation Acts of the Grand Washingtonian Assembly (Top/Chr)
Precedent Court of Appeals cases | Supreme Court cases | Const Court cases
Decrees and orders Royal decrees | Executive orders

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