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Manchu Revolution
Part of Manchurian theatre of the Second World War
Manchurian Revolution
Date December 11th 1944 - August 26th 1945
Location Manchuria
Flag of Manchu Revolutionary National Congress Manzuxiehui
Communist Party of Manchuria flag (1932-54) Communist Party of Manchuria
Freedpm flag Qinglonghui
Supported by
Flag of the Soviet Union (1923-1955) Soviet Union
Flag of Manchukuo Manzhouguo
Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Mengjiang Mengjiang
Commanders and leaders
Flag of Manchu Revolutionary National Congress Zhao Guangping
Flag of Manchu Revolutionary National Congress Qian Wanyong
Flag of Manchu Revolutionary National Congress Song Yixin
Communist Party of Manchuria flag (1932-54) Xu Xiaobao
Communist Party of Manchuria flag (1932-54) Qian Yiu-tong
Flag of Japan Otozō Yamada
Flag of Japan Jun Ushiroku
Flag of Manchukuo Kangde Emperor
Flag of Manchukuo Zhang Jinghui
Flag of Mengjiang Demchugdongrub
Units involved
Flag of Manchu Revolutionary National Congress Manchu National Army
Communist Party of Manchuria flag (1932-54) Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army
Overall strength 623,906 personnel Overall strength 390,089 personnel

The Manchu Revolution (ㄇㄢㄗㄨ ㄍㄜㄇㄧㄥ; Mǎnzhōu Gémìng) was an armed uprising against Manzhouguo and Japan within Manchuria during World War Two which led to the creation of the Second Manchu Republic and ended in the Soviet invasion of Manchuria. Led by the Manzuxiehui and the Communist Party of Manchuria it was the result of a decade long occupation of Manchuria by Japanese forces who had brutalised both the local Manchu and Chinese populations whilst creating a puppet state. The Revolution remains an important fixture in Manchurian history.

In 1932 Manchuria was invaded by Japan who set up a neocolony known as Manzhouguo which ruled in a totalitarian manner where power was concentrated in the hands of the Japanese Kwantung Army. Throughout the 1930's the Manzhouguo launched a campaign against resistance forces which included the Guomindang, Manchu National Army, Qinglonghui and the Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army.

Continued repression by the Manzhouguo regime against its population as well as continued military losses by Japan in the ongoing world war resulted in the Soviet backed Manzuxiehui and the Communist Party of Manchuria, the political wings of the Manchu National Army and Northeast Anti-Japanese United Army respectively, form a popular front against the Japanese regime setting off the Manchu Revolution after taking over the city of Harbin and creating the Second Manchu Republic led by Zhao Guangping, the leader of the Manzuxiehui. With Soviet support the republic continually fought off Japanese and Manzhougo forces up until August 26th 1945 when the Communists withdrew support from the republic thus allowing the Soviets to launch an invasion of Manchuria, resulting in the dissolution of both Manzhouguo and the Manchu Republic. A year later the CPM came back into power as the only legal party within the Manchu People's Republic.

The revolution resulted in an explosion of republicanism, Manchurian nationalism, socialism, communism and Japaophobia. During the Manchu People's Republic it was known as the Manchu Communist Revolution (ㄇㄢㄗㄨ ㄍㄨㄥㄔㄢ ㄓㄨㄧ ㄍㄜㄇㄧㄥ; Mǎnzú gòngchǎn zhǔyì gémìng) being celebrated as the climax of decades of class struggle. Following the Orchid Revolution it has been continued to be recognised as the national liberation of Manchuria. December 11th is continued to be celebrated as "Revolution Day".