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Mys Chelyuskin
City of Mys Chelyuskin
Mys Chelyuskin Location
Region. North-East Region
Province. Mys Chelyuskin Province
Inhabited since. 1919
Area
 - Total

9,92 km²
Population
 - 2007 census
 - Density
.

203
?/km² (2007)
Postal code 000XXX

Mys Chelyuskin is the capital of Mys Chelyuskin Province. In 2007 has 203 inhabitants and his district have 9,92 km². It's situated 475 north of Krasnóyakara.

Cape Chelyuskin (Russian: мыс Челюскина; Mys Chelyuskin) is the northernmost point of the Eurasian continent (and indeed of any continental mainland), and the northernmost point of mainland Russia. It is situated at the tip of the Taymyr Peninsula, south of Severnaya Zemlya archipelago, in Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia. The landhead has a 17 m high light on a framework tower.

Cape Chelyuskin is 1370 km from the North Pole.

History

The cape was first reached in May, 1742 by an expedition on land party led by Semion Chelyuskin, and was initially called Cape East-Northern. It was renamed in honour of Chelyuskin by the Russian Geographical Society in 1842, on the 100th anniversary of the discovery.

It was passed on August, 18 1878 by Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld during the first sea voyage through the North-East Passage.

In 1919 Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen's ship Maud, left behind two men, Peter Tessem and Paul Knutsen, at Cape Chelyuskin after having made winter quarters there. The Maud continued eastwards into the Laptev Sea and the men were instructed to wait for the freeze-up of the Kara Sea and then sledge southwestwards towards Dikson carrying Amundsen's mail. However, these two men disappeared mysteriously and were never seen again.

In 1922 Nikifor Begichev led a Soviet expedition in search for Peter Tessem and Paul Knutsen on request of the government of Norway, but Begichev was not successful.

A weather and a hydrology research base named "Polar Station Cape Chelyuskin" was constructed in 1932, and headed by Ivan Papanin. It was renamed the "E. K. Fyodorov Hydrometeorological Observatory" in 1983. The station has a magnetic observatory and stands on the eastern side of the point.

Systematic geological survey for uranium began here in 1946-47 with industrial extraction between 1950 and 1952 in a mountain 150 km south of the cape proper.

The cape hosts the northernmost airfield in Eurasia, in operation at various locations since 1950.

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