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North America is a continent, roughly centered on the north pole.

Countries, major administrative divisions

Continental:

  • Federal republic of Alaska
  • Republic of California
  • Kingdom of Canada
  • Huron Nation
  • Republic of Labrador
  • Republic of Ontario
  • Republic of Texas
  • United States of Western Arctic
    • State of Florida
    • State of Georgia
    • State of Carolina
    • State of Virginia
    • State of Maryland
    • State of Delaware
    • State of Pennsylvania
    • State of Connecticut
    • State of Massachusetts
    • State of Vermont
    • State of Maine
    • District of Columbia
    • Arctic State

Insular:

Demographics

Population on the continent consists primarily of native peoples and descendants of European colonizers. Official languages in the countries include English, French, Vinlandian, Inuit, Aleut, Yupik, Tutchone, Huronese, Ichishkin, Shoshoni, Spanish, Kalaallisut, Nannican and Latin. Official languages in lesser administrative divisions include Mohawk, Tuscarora, etc.

Climate

Both Pacific and Atlantic coastlines are influenced by a combination of wintertime lows off the coast, year-round high centered on the North Pole, and mountain chains paralleling the coasts. Nevada Plateau and the Rocky Mountains prevent Pacific moisture entering the polar area, resulting in high precipitation along the coasts of California, Oregon and northeast Alaska. Appalachian Mountains, though less prominent, result in a similar effect on the coast of USWA. Prevailing winds over the mountains tend to be northward, resulting in Föhn winds, that keep the polar area non-glaciated up to 83 degrees north at Ohio region of USWA Arctic State, and locally up to 88.5 degrees north at Colorado region of Texas.

Meanwhile, coasts around Gulf of Mexico, Sea of Labrador, Hudson Bay and Eskimo Sea are not paralleled by mountain chains. Neither do they have seasonal lows nor warm ocean currents. Gulf of Mexico has very cold water, being covered by ice for most of the year. This combined with Sierra Madre mountains in Mexico prevent moisture from entering the North Pole from this side either. The major source of snow, creating the Arctic ice cap, is the minuscule amount of moisture coming through Canada. Though the Canadian side of the Arctic doesn't have mountains, the year-round high pressure of continental polar regions deflects most extratropical cyclones, before they can drop their moisture to the North Pole. The high pressure also causes the prevailing wind in Texas and Canada to be from north to south. Especially in the Luisiana region of Texas, the arctic breeze requires special construction qualifications to withstand the high wind speeds.

Arcticamerica

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