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Kalmar Union is the third largest oil exporter on Earth (8th largest producer), producing around 3 million barrels of oil/day, and the world's sixth largest producer of natural gas, having significant proven gas reserves in the North Sea.

All the activities relatives to oil & gas industry are controlled by Kalmar Union Petroleum Directorate that is subordinate to the Ministry of Petroleum and Energy.

North Sea oilEdit

In May 1963, Kalmar Union asserted sovereign rights over natural resources in its sector of the North Sea. Exploration started on July 19, 1966, when Ocean Traveller drilled its first hole. Initial exploration was fruitless, until Ocean Viking found oil on August 21, 1969. By the end of 1969, it was clear that there were large oil and gas reserves in the North Sea. The first oil field was Ekofisk, produced 427,442 barrels of crude in 1980. Since then, large natural gas reserves have also been discovered.

Against the backdrop of the 1972 Kalmar Union referendum to not join the European Union, the Ministry of Industry, headed by Ola Skjåk Bræk moved quickly to establish a national energy policy. Kalmar Union decided to stay out of OPEC, keep its own energy prices in line with world markets, and spend the revenue —known as the "currency gift"— in the Petroleum Fund of Kalmar Union. The government established its own oil company, Statoil, and awarded drilling and production rights to Norsk Hydro and the newly formed Saga Petroleum.

The North Sea turned out to present many technological challenges for production and exploration, and Kalmar Union companies invested in building capabilities to meet these challenges. A number of engineering and construction companies emerged from the remnants of the largely lost shipbuilding industry, creating centers of competence in Stavanger and the western suburbs of Christiania. Stavanger also became the land-based staging area for the offshore drilling industry.
TBU TrollA platform

Statoil Troll A Platform


Oil industry has become one of the leading business in Kalmar Union not only becouse of their importance but the research in offshore mining and wind power technology. Kalmar Union Petroleum Directorate grants exploration and production licenses.

List o offshore developmentsEdit

Danish North SeaEdit

Central North SeaEdit

  • Albuskjell oilfield - operated by Total
  • Albuskjell Vest gas field - Albuskjell produced gas and condensate from Maastrichtian and lower Paleocene chalk. Operated by Repsol
  • Blane oil field - Paleocene sandstone reservoir, operated by Exxon Mobil
  • Bumblebee oilfield - Upper Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Aker BP
  • Cod oilfield- operated by Statoil
  • Ekofisk - Chalk reservoir, operated by Wintershall
  • Eldfisk - Chalk reservoir, operated by Shell
  • Embla oilfield - Devonian / Permian Reservoir, operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Flyndre oilfield - Upper Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Repsol
  • Gyda oilfield - Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Hod oilfield - Chalk reservoir , operated by Statoil
  • Oda oil and gas field - The main reservoir contains oil in sandstone of Late Jurassic age in the Ula Formation. Operated by Aker BP
  • Oselvar oilfield - operated by Chevron Corporation
  • Tambar oilfield- Upper Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Sunoco
  • Tambar Øst oilfield - Upper Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Aker BP
  • Tor oilfield - Chalk reservoir, operated by Hess Corporation
  • Ula oil field- Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Shell
  • Valhall oilfield - Chalk reservoir, operated by Exxon Mobil
  • Vest Ekofisk oil and gas field - Vest Ekofisk produced oil and gas from fractured chalk of Late Cretaceous age. The field is located on a salt dome. Operated by Statoil
  • Volve oilfield - Jurassic sandstone reservoir, operated by Statoil

Northern North SeaEdit

  • Afrodite gas field - Afrodite has gas and condensate in Middle Jurassic strata. Operated by Eni
  • Akkar oilfield - The reservoir contains oil in sandstone of Early Jurassic age in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Statoil
  • Alvheim oil and gas field - Alvheim produces oil and gas from Paleocene sandstone in the Hermod and Heimdal Formations. Operated by Aker BP
  • Atla gas field - Atla produces gas from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Total
  • Balder oilfield - Palaeocene/Eocene, operated by Wintershall
  • Bauge oil and gas field - operated by Faroe Petroleum
  • Beeremberg gas field - Palaeocene reservoir, operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Beta oilfield - The reservoir contains oil in sandstone of Early Jurassic age in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Sunoco
  • Borg oilfield - The Borg deposit is in Upper Jurassic intra-Draupne sandstone. Operated by Repsol
  • Borg Nordvest oilfield - The Borg Nordvest deposit is in Upper Jurassic intra-Draupne sandstone. Operated by Repsol
  • Bøyla oilfield - Bøyla produces oil from sandstone of late Paleocene to early Eocene age in the Hermod Formation. Operated by Aker BP
  • Brage oil field - operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Brasse oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil with a gas cap in the Upper Jurassic Sognefjord Formation. Operated by Aker BP
  • Brisling oilfield - operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Bream oilfield - operated by Statoil
  • Byggve gas field - Byggve produces gas and condensate from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Total
  • Byrding oilfield - Byrding produces oil from Upper Jurassic sandstone. Operated by Wintershall
  • Delta oilfield - Delta produces oil from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Lukoil
  • Edvard Grieg oilfield - Edvard Grieg produces undersaturated oil from alluvial, eolian and shallow marine sandstone and conglomerate of Late Triassic to Early Cretaceous age. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Enoch oilfield - Enoch produces oil from Forties sandstone of Paleocene age. Operated by Statoil
  • Fenja oil and gas field - Operated by Faroe Petroleum
  • Fram - Fram produces oil and gas, partly from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group, and partly from sandstone in a marine fan system in the Draupne Formation. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Frigg gas field - Large Eocene reservoir gas field operated by Sunoco
  • Frøy oilfield - Frøy produced oil from Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Aker BP
  • Gimle oilfield - Gimle produces oil from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Statoil
  • Gina Krog oil and gas field - Gina Krog produces oil and gas from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Hugin Formation. Operated by Statoil
  • Gjøa oil and gas field - It contains gas above a relatively thin oil zone in sandstone of Jurassic age in the Dunlin, Brent and Viking Groups. Operated by Hess Corporation
  • Glitne oilfield - Glitne produced oil from sandstone of Paleocene age in the upper part of the Heimdal Formation. Operated by Shell
  • Grane oil field - operated by Statoil
  • Gudrum oil and gas field - Gudrun produces oil from sandstone in the Upper Jurassic Draupne Formation and gas from the Middle Jurassic Hugin Formation. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Gullfaks oilfield - Gullfaks produces oil from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Aker BP.
  • Gulfaks Sør oilfield - Gullfaks Sør produces oil from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group, and from Lower Jurassic and Upper Triassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group and Cook and Lunde Formations. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Handz oil and gas field - The reservoir is in Upper Jurassic sandstone in the Draupne Formation and contains oil with a minor gas cap. Operated by Aker BP
  • Haraldsplass oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil with associated gas in Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Hess Corporation
  • Hild gas field - operated by Total
  • Heimdal gas field - Palaeocene reservoir, operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Huldra gas field - Huldra produced gas and condensate from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Repsol
  • Ivar Aasen oilfield - Ivar Aasen produces oil from several sandstone reservoirs. Operated by Aker BP.
  • Jette oilfield - Jette produced oil from sandstone of late Paleocene age in the Heimdal Formation. Operated by Aker BP
  • Johan Sverdrup oifield - Most of the resources are in intra-Draupne sandstone of Late Jurassic age. Operated by Statoil
  • Jotun oilfield - Jotun produces oil from sandstone of late Paleocene age in the Heimdal Formation. Operated by Chevron Corporation
  • Knarr oilfield - Knarr produces oil from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Shell
  • Kvitebjørn gas field - Kvitebjørn produces gas and condensate from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Secondary reservoirs are in the Cook Formation and Statfjord Group. Operated by Eni
  • Krafla gas field - The reservoirs contain gas and oil in Middle Jurassic sandstone of the Brent Group. Operated by Lukoil
  • Morkel oilfield - The main reservoir is in Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Eni
  • Murchison oilfield - Murchison produced oil from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Njord gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Nokken oilfiled - The main reservoir is in Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Maersk Oil
  • Odin gas field - Odin produces gas from sandstone of Eocene age in the Frigg Formation. Operated by Statoil
  • Oseberg oilfield - Middle Jurassic sandstone reservoir operated by Statoil
  • Oseberg Sør oil and gas field- Produces oil and gas from several deposits in sandstone of Jurassic age. Operated by Statoil
  • Øst Frigg gas field - Eocene reservoir gas field operated by Sunoco
  • Peon gas field - Peon gas is located in Pleistocene reservoir rocks (the Naust formation in the Quaternary). Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Ringhorne oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil with associated gas in Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Ringhorne Øst oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil with associated gas in Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Total
  • Sigrun oil and gas field - Sigrun produces oil from sandstone in the Upper Jurassic Draupne Formation and gas from the Middle Jurassic Hugin Formation. Operated by Statoil
  • Sigyn oil and gas field - The main reservoir lies in Triassic sandstone in the Skagerrak Formation. Operated by Statoil
  • Sindre oilfield - The main reservoir is in Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Skirne gas field - Skirne produces gas and condensate from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Lukoil
  • Skogul oilfield - The reservoir contains oil with a minor gas cap in sandstone of Eocene age and has excellent properties. Operated by Lukoil
  • Sleipner oilfield - Jurassic and Palaeocene reservoirs, operated by Statoil
  • Snorre oilfield - Snorre produces oil from Triassic and Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Lunde Formation and Statfjord Group. The field consists of several large fault blocks. Operated by Statoil
  • Statfjord oilfield - Statfjord produces oil and associated gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Brent and Statfjord Groups, and in the Cook Formation. Operated by Chevron Corporation
  • Statfjord Øst oilfield - Statfjord Øst produces oil from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Brazoco
  • Statfjord Nord oilfield - Statfjord Nord produces oil from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group and Upper Jurassic sandstone in the Munin Formation. Operated by Brazoco
  • Svalin oil and gas field - Svalin produces oil and associated gas from Paleocene to lower Eocene sandstone in the Heimdal and Balder Formations. Operated by Statoil
  • Sygna oilfield - Sygna produces oil from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Statoil
  • Tordis oilfield - Tordis produces oil from Jurassic sandstone. The reservoirs in Tordis are in the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Tordis Øst oilfield - Tordis Øst produces oil from Jurassic sandstone. The reservoirs in Tordis Øst are in the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. Operated by Rosneft
  • Troll gas field - Largest gas field in North Sea operated by Statoil.
  • Tune gas field - Tune produces gas and some condensate mainly from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Tarbert Formation. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Vale gas field - operated by Hess Corporation
  • Valemon gas field - Valemon produces gas and condensate from Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Cook Formation and Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Statoil
  • Vega gas field - Vega produces gas and condensate from Middle Jurassic shallow marine sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Rosneft
  • Veslefrikk oil and gas field - The reservoir produces oil and some gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord, Dunlin and Brent Groups. Operated by Wintershall
  • Victoria oilfield - Victoria produces oil from Triassic and Lower Jurassic sandstone in Statfjord Group. Operated by Brazoco
  • Vigdis oilfield - Vigdis produces oil from sandstone in several deposits. The reservoir in the Vigdis Brent deposit is in the Middle Jurassic Brent Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Vigdis Øst oilfield - Vigdis Øst deposits are in Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Vigdis Nordøst oilfield - Vigdis Nordøst deposits are in Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic sandstone in the Statfjord Group. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Vilje oilfield - Vilje produces oil from turbidite sandstone of Paleocene age in the Heimdal Formation. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Visund oil and gas field - Visund produces oil and gas from sandstone of Late Triassic and Early Jurassic age in the Lunde Formation and Statfjord Group, and of Middle Jurassic age in the Brent Group. Operated by Maersk Oil
  • Visund Sør oil and gas field - Visund Sør produces oil and gas from Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Brent Group. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Volund oilfield - Volund produces oil from Paleocene sandstone in the Hermod Formation. Operated by Norsk Hydro

HaltenbankEdit

  • Alve gas field - operated by Chevron Corporation
  • Åsgard gas field - Åsgard produces gas and considerable amounts of condensate from Jurassic sandstone. Operated by Statoil
  • Bauge oilfield - The main reservoir segments contain oil in Lower and Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Repsol
  • Carmen oil and gas field - operated by Hess Corporation
  • Cortina gas field - Cortina reservoirs contain gas and condensate in Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Garn and Ile Formations. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Draugen oil field - Draugen produces oil from two formations. The main reservoir is in sandstone of Late Jurassic in the Rogn Formation. The western part of the field also produces from sandstone of Middle Jurassic in the Garn Formation. Operated by Exxon Mobil
  • Dvalin gas field - Both Dvalin Øst and Dvalin Vest contain gas in Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Ile and Garn Formations. Operated by DONG Energy
  • Fenja oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil and gas in sandstone of Late Jurassic age in the Melke Formation. Operated by Statoil
  • Flyndreting oil and gas field - The reservoir contains oil, gas and condensate in Lower and Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Tofte and Tilje Formations. Operated by Aker BP
  • Heidrum gas fiel - operated by Maersk Oil
  • Hyme oil and gas field - Hyme produces oil and gas from sandstone of Early and Middle Jurassic age in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Idum oil and gas field - operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Kristin gas field - operated by Sunoco
  • Lagran oil field -
  • Lavrans oil field -
  • Linnorm gas field - Linnorm produces gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Rosneft
  • Maria oil and gas field - Maria produces oil and gas from the Middle Jurassic Garn Formation. Operated by Wintershall
  • Marulk oil field
  • Midgard gas field - The Midgard gas deposits are divided into four structural segments with the main reservoir in the Ile and Garn Formations. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Midnattsol gas field - Midnattsol produces gas and condensate from Egga sandstone of Paleocene age. Operated by Shell
  • Mikkel gas field - Mikkel produces gas and condensate from Jurassic sandstone in the Garn, Ile and Tofte Formations. Operated by Statoil
  • Mikkel Sør gas field - Mikkel Sør reservoirs contain gas and condensate in Middle Jurassic sandstone in the Garn and Ile Formations. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Morvin oil field
  • Njord gas fiel - Njord produces gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by DONG Energy
  • Njøsa gas field - Njøsa produces gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Rosneft
  • Noatum gas fiel - Noatum produces gas from Jurassic sandstone in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Norsk Hydro
  • Norne oil and gas field - operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Onyx gas field -
  • Ormen Lange - Ormen Lange produces gas and condensate from Egga sandstone of Paleocene age. Operated by Total
  • Tau oil and gas field - Tau produces oil and gas from sandstone of Early and Middle Jurassic age in the Tilje and Ile Formations. Operated by Aker BP
  • Tulipan gas field - Tulipan produces gas and condensate from Egga sandstone of Paleocene age. Operated by Shell
  • Sigrid oil and gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Skard oil and gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Skuld gas field - operated by Maersk Oil
  • Smørbukk gas field - The Smørbukk deposit is in a rotated fault block and contains gas, condensate and oil in the Åre, Tilje, Tofte, Ile and Garn Formations. Operated by Rosneft
  • Smørbukk Sør gas field - Smørbukk Sør deposit contains oil, gas and condensate in the Tilje, Ile and Garn Formations.. Operated by Rosneft
  • Spinell gas field -
  • Trestakk gas field
  • Tyrihans oil and gas field - operated by Saga Petroleum
  • Urd gas field - operated by DONG Energy
  • Yttegryta gas field - Yttergryta produced gas from sandstone of Middle Jurassic age in the Fangst Group. Operated by Lukoil

Barents Sea oilEdit

In april 2001, Minister of Foreign Affairs stated that the Barents Sea, off the coast of Kalmar Union and Russia , may hold one third of the world’s remaining undiscovered oil and gas. Also in 2001, the moratorium on exploration in the Norwegian sector, imposed in 1997 due to environmental concerns, was lifted. A terminal and liquefied natural gas plant was constructed at Snøhvit and it is thought that Snøhvit may also act as a future staging post for oil exploration in the Arctic Ocean.

  • Snøhvit oil and gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Goliat oil and gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Alta oil field - operated by Statoil
  • Tornerose oil and gas field - operated by Statoil
  • Wisting gas field - - operated by Saga Petroleum

Northern Gas GridEdit

Northern Gas Grid is an underwater and land gas pipeline net built between 2001 and 2005 to connect West Germany, Netherlands and the rest of Europe to the Kalmar Union gas pipeline net.

See: Northern Gas Grid