|Sovereign Military Order of Saint Acisclus of Córdoba and of Santa Catalina|
Motto: "Parati Semper ad Auxilium" (Latin)
"Always ready to help"
|Official languages||English, Spanish, French|
|HMEH Fra' John Francis Tessi|
|HE Fra' Timothy Hirsch|
|HE Fra' Abelard Köhler von Anhalt|
|Sovereign subject of international law|
|1189 by Pope Gregory VIII|
• Spanish nationalization
|1532 by Pope Adrian IV|
• 2017 census
The Order traces its origins from the Knights Sanctuarium, a group of knights from Toledo in the Kingdom of Castille. The Knights Sanctuarium was a military, chivalric, and hospitalier order initially charged with the protection of pilgrims traveling to the Holy Land, and later, the Spanish Reconquista efforts in reclaiming land from the Moors. The Knights Sanctuarium was involved in the Third, Fifth, and Ninth Crusades, before it turned its focus to helping the Spaniards retake the Iberian lands occupied by the Muslim caliphates. After it captured Córdoba, the Knights established their permanent headquarters there, and were granted latifundium by the Spanish Crown over the city.
Following the Catholic Monarchs' decision to incorporate the Order with the Crown, the Order became invested in Spain's imperial ambitions overseas, and established a presence in the Americas. It operated briefly in Peru before its members settled in the Channel Islands under the French-Spanish Condominium in 1795. When Mexico gained independence and acquired the Channel Islands, the Mexican government allowed to the Order to remain, but was highly suspicious of the autonomous society and its connection with the previous Spanish administration. In 1827, as Mexico began secularizing the region (by forcibly capturing and selling properties from the Church and expelling its members), the Order itself was evicted from the islands. The Order continued operations in exile in the United States before they were welcomed back to the Channel Islands in 1848 following the end of the Mexican-American War. In 1939, the Order relocated to the Sierran mainland in the Orange city of Point Dana.
The Order is generally accepted and treated as sovereign subject of international law by the international community. It receives official protection and support from both the Kingdom of Sierra and the Vatican, and maintains relations with 111 states. It has permanent observer status in the League of Nations and has entered into a number of treaties and agreements. In addition, it issues its own passports, currency, and postage stamps, and possesses extraterritoriality at six of its twelve properties throughout the world, including its official headquarters in Point Dana.
Relations with the Kingdom of SierraEdit
Orders, decorations, and medalsEdit