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Phaljetan
Фалђэта кэыл / Falđéta kéyl
Pronunciation IPA: [fald͡ʒe̞ːta]
Spoken in Flag of Phaljeta Phaljeta
Date created late 17th-mid 19th Century
Region Southeastern Europe, Black Sea region
Native speakers 1,000,000  (2014)
Language family
Uralic
  • possibly Permic or survivor of extinct branch?
    • Phaljetan
Writing system Cyrillic, Latin (Phaljetan alphabet)
Official status
Recognised minority language in


Flag of Ukraine Ukraine


Flag of Moldova Moldova
Regulated by The Center for The Phaljetan Language
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pha

Phaljetan (Phaljetan: Falđéta kéyl) is an Uralic language and the official language of Phaljeta. Beacuse of grammatical and phonetical changes, it either possibly belongs to the Permic branch or it is the only surviving language of an extinct branch of Uralic. Though it's roots remained and still to this day, Uralic, Phaljetan has significant influence from Turkic and Slavic languages which stem from neighboring contacts during the early Phaljetan's journey, and being both a vassal of the Ottoman Empire and, briefly, the Russian Empire.

Phaljetan is spoken by 1 million worldwide, and has official status in Phaljeta and minority status in Moldova, and Ukraine until 2014. It is currently written with both Latin for use in buisness, and mainly Cyrillic for use in daily life.

Orthography

Latin Alphabet

Aa
/ɒ/
Ää
/æː/
Bb
/b/
Cc
/ts/
Čč
/tʃ/
Dd
/d/
Ee
/ɛ/
Éé
/e̞ː/
Ff
/f/
Gg
/g/
Hh
/h/
Ii
/i/
Jj
/j/
Đđ
/dʒ/
Kk
/k/
Ll
/l/
Mm
/m/
Nn
/n/
Ŋŋ
/ng/
Oo
/oʊ/
Öö
/ø/
Pp
/p/
Rr
/r/
Ss
/s/
Šš
/ʃ/
Tt
/t/
Uu
/u/
Üü
/y/,/uː/
Vv
/v/
Zz
/z/
Žž
/ʒ/

Cyrillic Alphabet

Аа
/ɒ/
Ӓӓ
/æː/
бБ
/b/
Вв
/v/, /w/
Гг
/g/
Дд
/d/
Ee
/ɛ/
Ээ
/e̞ː/
Жж
/ʒ/
Ии
/i/,/ɪ/
Зз
/z/
Кк
/k/
Лл
/l/
Ёё
/jo/
Ђђ
/dʒ/, /ɟ/
Мм
/m/
Нн
/n/
Ңң
/ng/
Оо
/oʊ/
Ӧӧ
/ø/
Пп
/p/
Рр
/r/
Сс
/s/
Тт
/t/
Уу
/u/
Ӱӱ
/y/,/uː/
Ф ф
/f/
Хх
/h/
Цц
/ts/
Чч
/tʃ/
Шш
/ʃ/
Ъъ
//
Ыы
/je/, /j/
Юю
/ju/
Яя
/ja/

Lexicon

Due to earlier contacts and influence, a greater variety of Turkic and Slavic loanwoards came into the volcabulary. most of the Turkic loanwords today are from Crimean Tatar and Gagauz like säkel ("beard"; Crimean Tatar: sakal) and kileč ("sword"; Crimean Tatar: qılıç, Gagauz: kılıç). Slavic loanwords are mainly from Russian or Ukranian and they consisted of science, technology, political and religion-related words.

  • политика , politika, "politics" (Russian and Ukranian: политика, політика ; politika)
  • церикӓ, tserikä, "church" (Russian: церковь ; tserkov, Ukranian: церква ; tserkva)
  • наукeа, naukea, "science" (Russian and Ukrainian: наука ; nauka)
  • екрани, ekrani, "screen" (Russian and Ukranian: экран, екран ; ekran)
  • телефонэ, telefoné, "telephone" (Russian and Ukranian: телефон ; telefon)
  • сначек, snaček, "icon" (Russian and Ukranian: значок ; znachok)

There is volcabulary shared with the Turkic languages such as:

  • хäреk, härfek, "letter" (Turkish: harfli, Azeribaijani: hərfi, Tatar: хәреф ; hәref, Uzbek: harf )
  • сäкел, säkel, "beard" (Turkish: sakal, Azeribaijani: saqqal, Uzbek: soqol, Tatar: сакал ; sakal)
  • килеч, kileč, "sword" (Turkish: kılıç, Azeribaijani: qılınc, Tatar: qılıç, Gagauz: kılıç, Uzbek: qilich)

Strangley enough, Phaljetan retained some volcabulary from pProto-Uralic, meaning that Phaljetan was one of the only languages that did not break off with Proto-Uralic until about the 1st century A.D. such as:

  • чечä, čečä, "uncle" (Proto-Uralic: čečä)
  • пäия, päijä, "sun" (Proto-Uralic: päjwä, Estonian: päike)
  • пиксиа, piksia, "rope" (Proto-Uralic: piksi, Erzya: пикс ; piks)

Dictonary/Swadesh List

No. English Phaljeta

Falđéta

1 I мӓн, män
2 you (singular) теы, tey
3 he сан, san (he/she)

тиэт, tiét (it)

4 we миэ, mié
5 you (plural) тиэ, tié
6 they сиэне, siéne
7 this тем, tem
8 that таз, taz
9 here туссе, tusse
10 there тӧси, tӧsi
11 who киэ, kié
12 what миы, mij
13 where кес, kes
14 when кӱрн, kürn
15 how кӧунђ, kӧunđ
16 not наит, nait
17 all пат, pate
18 many чак, čаk
19 some неы, nej
20 few кӓв, käv
21 other муц, muts
22 one бир, bir
23 two киксар, kiksar
24 three хэртум, hértum
25 four налы, nalje
26 five вӧтти, vӧtti
27 big шӱт, šüt
28 long хасӱ, hasü
29 wide кӓли, kӓli
30 thick ешта, ešta
31 heavy
32 small {{{wrd032}}}
33 short {{{wrd033}}}
34 narrow {{{wrd034}}}
35 thin {{{wrd035}}}
36 woman {{{wrd036}}}
37 man (adult male) {{{wrd037}}}
38 man (human being) {{{wrd038}}}
39 child {{{wrd039}}}
40 wife {{{wrd040}}}
41 husband {{{wrd041}}}
42 mother {{{wrd042}}}
43 father {{{wrd043}}}
44 animal {{{wrd044}}}
45 fish {{{wrd045}}}
46 bird {{{wrd046}}}
47 dog {{{wrd047}}}
48 louse {{{wrd048}}}
49 snake {{{wrd049}}}
50 worm {{{wrd050}}}
51 tree {{{wrd051}}}
52 forest {{{wrd052}}}
53 stick {{{wrd053}}}
54 fruit {{{wrd054}}}
55 seed {{{wrd055}}}
56 leaf {{{wrd056}}}
57 root {{{wrd057}}}
58 bark (of a tree) {{{wrd058}}}
59 flower {{{wrd059}}}
60 grass {{{wrd060}}}
61 rope {{{wrd061}}}
62 skin {{{wrd062}}}
63 meat {{{wrd063}}}
64 blood {{{wrd064}}}
65 bone {{{wrd065}}}
66 fat (noun) {{{wrd066}}}
67 egg {{{wrd067}}}
68 horn {{{wrd068}}}
69 tail {{{wrd069}}}
70 feather {{{wrd070}}}
71 hair {{{wrd071}}}
72 head {{{wrd072}}}
73 ear {{{wrd073}}}
74 eye {{{wrd074}}}
75 nose {{{wrd075}}}
76 mouth {{{wrd076}}}
77 tooth {{{wrd077}}}
78 tongue (organ) {{{wrd078}}}
79 fingernail {{{wrd079}}}
80 foot {{{wrd080}}}
81 leg {{{wrd081}}}
82 knee {{{wrd082}}}
83 hand {{{wrd083}}}
84 wing {{{wrd084}}}
85 belly {{{wrd085}}}
86 guts {{{wrd086}}}
87 neck {{{wrd087}}}
88 back {{{wrd088}}}
89 breast {{{wrd089}}}
90 heart {{{wrd090}}}
91 liver {{{wrd091}}}
92 to drink {{{wrd092}}}
93 to eat {{{wrd093}}}
94 to bite {{{wrd094}}}
95 to suck {{{wrd095}}}
96 to spit {{{wrd096}}}
97 to vomit {{{wrd097}}}
98 to blow {{{wrd098}}}
99 to breathe {{{wrd099}}}
100 to laugh {{{wrd100}}}
101 to see {{{wrd101}}}
102 to hear {{{wrd102}}}
103 to know {{{wrd103}}}
104 to think {{{wrd104}}}
105 to smell {{{wrd105}}}
106 to fear {{{wrd106}}}
107 to sleep {{{wrd107}}}
108 to live {{{wrd108}}}
109 to die {{{wrd109}}}
110 to kill {{{wrd110}}}
111 to fight {{{wrd111}}}
112 to hunt {{{wrd112}}}
113 to hit {{{wrd113}}}
114 to cut {{{wrd114}}}
115 to split {{{wrd115}}}
116 to stab {{{wrd116}}}
117 to scratch {{{wrd117}}}
118 to dig {{{wrd118}}}
119 to swim {{{wrd119}}}
120 to fly {{{wrd120}}}
121 to walk {{{wrd121}}}
122 to come {{{wrd122}}}
123 to lie (as in a bed) {{{wrd123}}}
124 to sit {{{wrd124}}}
125 to stand {{{wrd125}}}
126 to turn (intransitive) {{{wrd126}}}
127 to fall {{{wrd127}}}
128 to give {{{wrd128}}}
129 to hold {{{wrd129}}}
130 to squeeze {{{wrd130}}}
131 to rub {{{wrd131}}}
132 to wash {{{wrd132}}}
133 to wipe {{{wrd133}}}
134 to pull {{{wrd134}}}
135 to push {{{wrd135}}}
136 to throw {{{wrd136}}}
137 to tie {{{wrd137}}}
138 to sew {{{wrd138}}}
139 to count {{{wrd139}}}
140 to say {{{wrd140}}}
141 to sing {{{wrd141}}}
142 to play {{{wrd142}}}
143 to float {{{wrd143}}}
144 to flow {{{wrd144}}}
145 to freeze {{{wrd145}}}
146 to swell {{{wrd146}}}
147 sun {{{wrd147}}}
148 moon {{{wrd148}}}
149 star {{{wrd149}}}
150 water {{{wrd150}}}
151 rain {{{wrd151}}}
152 river {{{wrd152}}}
153 lake {{{wrd153}}}
154 sea {{{wrd154}}}
155 salt {{{wrd155}}}
156 stone {{{wrd156}}}
157 sand {{{wrd157}}}
158 dust {{{wrd158}}}
159 earth {{{wrd159}}}
160 cloud {{{wrd160}}}
161 fog {{{wrd161}}}
162 sky {{{wrd162}}}
163 wind {{{wrd163}}}
164 snow {{{wrd164}}}
165 ice {{{wrd165}}}
166 smoke {{{wrd166}}}
167 fire {{{wrd167}}}
168 ash {{{wrd168}}}
169 to burn {{{wrd169}}}
170 road {{{wrd170}}}
171 mountain {{{wrd171}}}
172 red {{{wrd172}}}
173 green {{{wrd173}}}
174 yellow {{{wrd174}}}
175 white {{{wrd175}}}
176 black {{{wrd176}}}
177 night {{{wrd177}}}
178 day {{{wrd178}}}
179 year {{{wrd179}}}
180 warm {{{wrd180}}}
181 cold {{{wrd181}}}
182 full {{{wrd182}}}
183 new {{{wrd183}}}
184 old {{{wrd184}}}
185 good {{{wrd185}}}
186 bad {{{wrd186}}}
187 rotten {{{wrd187}}}
188 dirty {{{wrd188}}}
189 straight {{{wrd189}}}
190 round {{{wrd190}}}
191 sharp (as a knife) {{{wrd191}}}
192 dull (as a knife) {{{wrd192}}}
193 smooth {{{wrd193}}}
194 wet {{{wrd194}}}
195 dry {{{wrd195}}}
196 correct {{{wrd196}}}
197 near {{{wrd197}}}
198 far {{{wrd198}}}
199 right {{{wrd199}}}
200 left {{{wrd200}}}
201 at {{{wrd201}}}
202 in {{{wrd202}}}
203 with {{{wrd203}}}
204 and {{{wrd204}}}
205 if {{{wrd205}}}
206 because {{{wrd206}}}
207 name {{{wrd207}}}

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