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President of the Republic of Rio Blanco
Presidente de la República de Río Blanco (es)
Niinooxuwut (arp)
Presidente della Repubblica di Rio Blanco (it)
Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Białej Rzeki (pl)
Präsident der Rioblankishe Republik (ymd)
Presidential Flag of Rio Blanco
Presidential Flag of Rio Blanco
Bill Stanmourne.jpg
Incumbent
Bill Stanmourne

since 1 August 2012
Style Mr./Mrs. President
His/Her Excellency (abroad)
Residence Cheesman-Boettcher Mansion
400 East 8th Avenue, Denver, Cherry Creek
Standrod Mansion (summer residence)
648 North Lanceton, Pocatello, Uinta
Term length Four years, renewable[1]
Inaugural holder Edwin Lanceton
1 August 1876
Formation Constitution
1 August 1876

The President of Rio Blanco is the head of state of the nation. It is the highest rank in the Republic's local politics. He/She also holds the executive power in Rio Blanco.

Powers

Since Rio Blanco is a federal republic with presidential executive, the nation grants significant powers to the president, who effectively controls the executive branch, represents the country abroad, appoints the cabinet (the Council of Departments) and, with the approval of the Senate, the judges for the Supreme Federal Court. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the Defense Units of Rio Blanco.

The Constitution outlines the powers of the President, which include (but are not limited to):

  1. Appoint and dismiss the Secretaries of the Departments
  2. Exercise, aided by the Secretaries, the higher management of the federal administration;
  3. Start the legislative procedure, in the manner and cases set forth in the Constitution;
  4. Sanction, promulgate and order the publication of laws, and issue decrees and regulations for the true enforcement thereof;
  5. Veto bills, wholly or in part;
  6. Maintain relations with foreign nations and to accredit their diplomatic representatives;
  7. Conclude international treaties, conventions and acts, subject to the ratification of the Parliament of Rio Blanco;
  8. Decree the state of defense and the state of siege, when necessary and allowed by the Constitution;
  9. Upon the opening of the legislative session, send a government message and plan to the Parliament, describing the state of the nation and requesting the actions he/she deems necessary;
  10. Grant pardons and reduce sentences, after hearing the entities instituted by law, if necessary;
  11. Exercise the supreme command of the armed forces, appoint the commanders of navy, army and air force, promote general officers and to appoint them to the offices held exclusively by them;
  12. Appoint, after approval by the Senate, the Justices of the Supreme Court and those of the superior courts, the Prosecutor General of the Republic and other civil servants, when established by law;
  13. Appoint the Justices of the Court of Accounts of the Republic and the Attorney General;
  14. Declare war, in the event of foreign aggression, authorized by the Parliament or confirmed by it, whenever it occurs between legislative sessions and, under the same conditions, to decree full or partial national mobilization;
  15. Make peace, authorized or confirmed by the Parliament;
  16. Award decorations and honorary distinctions;
  17. Submit to the Parliament the quadrennial plan, the bill of budgetary directives and the budget proposals set forth in this constitution;
  18. Render, each year, accounts to the Parliament concerning the previous fiscal year, within sixty days of the opening of the legislative session.

Election

Rio Blanco presidential ballot 2016

Ballot used in the presidential election of 2016.

The president is elected every leap year, directly by the people, using the IRV method and optional preferential voting.

The presidential election is divided into two rounds: the first being on 25 July and the second being on 1 August.

In the first round, citizens can vote for any candidate that has openly declared to run for President and submitted a valid form to the National Electoral Office in Denver, CC (for nationwide parties) or to its state branches (for statewide parties). To advance to the second round, candidates must reach a threshold of 5,000 votes.

Changes to past methods

  • Prior to 1948, the President was elected indirectly by the people, passing through a group of Major Councillors (composed by Senators and Representatives), nominating the President with a winner-take-all basis, like in the United States. In 1948, following the controversial win of Ed Tomley thanks to the Major Councillors voting for him (despite the people voting for opponent Richard Eldridge), a Supreme Court sentence ruled the winner-take-all basis antidemocratic, and therefore unconstitutional. Tomley was then removed from office and the election was invalidated, with the Supreme Court ordering another election, to be held within 14 days. This time, Richard Eldridge was elected to the highest post.
  • Prior to 1966, the President was elected with a quorum of 50% of the voters, plus one.
  • From 1908 to 1970, voting in Rioblancoan presidential elections was compulsory for people who were between 18 and 69. However, only symbolical sanctions were applied, such as the publication of lists of non-voters and mention in police certificates that the person had failed to vote.
  • Prior to 1894, only men were allowed to vote in nationwide elections. From 1894 to 1908, both men and women were allowed to vote, but only men could be elected.

Requirements

  • Must be a citizen of Rio Blanco (either born in Rioblancoan soil or from Rioblancoan parents).
    • If naturalized, must have been a citizen for 15 years without interruption and without residences outside the national territory.
  • Must be 25 years or older.
  • Must not have been convicted in any crime for the last 15 years.

Former requirements

Succession and incapacitation

In case the President dies, resigns or is removed from office before finishing the term, the Vice President will succeed him/her, serving until further election. This happened twice: the first time was when James DiLeo died in a car crash in 1979, with Chris Klaudes being appointed; the second time happened when Lawrence Radigan was removed from office, with Thomas Kirchenauer being appointed. Because of the temporary nature of the term, while both Klaudes and Kirchenauer are considered Presidents, they are often not counted as such.

If the President cannot attend meetings, he/she can ask the Vice President to do so in his stead. This is often done when the President is abroad, ill or undergoing surgery.

Should the Vice President be unavailable as well, the Chancellor of Rio Blanco will attend in lieu of (or succeed) the President.

List

  Home Guard Party/Conservatives of Rio Blanco

† Died in charge.
¹ Even though the 1948 election saw Home Guard candidate Ed Tomley win, he only won because he was chosen by the Major Councillors, despite the majority of voters voting for Progressive Richard Eldridge. Upon repetition of the election, Eldridge was elected to the post.

# Image Name Took Office Left Office Party Vice President(s)
1
Edwin Lanceton
Edwin Lanceton
(1831-1902)
1876 1880 Home Guard Party Jonas Montrose Garner
2 Jonas Montrose Garner
(1829-1903)
1880 1884 Home Guard Party Daniel Bergmann
3 John Siegthor Vynn
(1837-1901)
1884 1888 Progressive Robert Foxton
4 Gregory Quentin Pence
(1832-1910)
1888 1892 Progressive Thomas Daddler
5 Hugh Carlson
(1859-1923)
1892 1896 Home Guard Party Anthony Craigford
6 William McDenn
(1858-1911)
1896 1900 Progressive Emmett Stagmann
7 Emmett Stagmann
(1861-1912)
1900 1904 Progressive Herman James Earl Stroughton
8
Philip Coxbourne
Philip Coxbourne
(1864-1932)
1904 1908 Home Guard Party John Reginald Gandley
9 Henry Clifford Stanson
(1869-1943)
1908 1912 Constitutionalist Robert Lennard
10 Warren Thornton
(1877-1939)
1912 1916 Progressive Anne Wilkies
11 Timothy Van Oyle
(1868-1929)
1916 1920 Constitutionalist McLay Varkins
12 Ryan Kaczorowski
(1881-1949)
1920 1924 Progressive Seymour Barrill
13 Paul Dennis Caines
(1874-1939)
1924 1928 Progressive Ronald Boeckmann
14 Scott Yannick LaGausse
(1883-1959)
1928 1932 Home Guard Party Benjamin Unselmann
15 Jack Stowley
(1877-1952)
1932 1936 Progressive Arthur Reno Evans
16 J. L. "Jamie" Coxbourne
(1896-1974)
1936 1940 Home Guard Party Stuart Gerrie
17 George Hezekiah Collins
(1895-1967)
1940 1944 Home Guard Party Rhys Ashbrook
18 Richard Eldridge¹
(1889-1957)
1944 1948 Progressive Douglas Staunton
19 Jonas Munstell
(1901-1977)
1948 1952 Progressive Alfred Giannizzari
20 Alfred Giannizzari
(1897-1981)
1952 1956 Progressive Delia Roughton
21 Bruce Carlson
(1922-2009)
1956 1960 Home Guard Party Edgar Rogalski
22 Delia Roughton
(1915-2001)
1960 1964 Progressive Stanley P. Matts (born Mnatsakanyan)
23
James DiLeo
James DiLeo
(1917-1979)
1964 1968 Home Guard Party Jeroen De Wallen
24 Nigel Krzywydzieski
(1926-2013)
1968 1972 Home Guard Party/Conservative Mike Scrammer
25
Larry Rutkowski
Larry Rutkowski
(1929-2016)
1972 1976 Progressive Delia Roughton
26
James DiLeo
James DiLeo
(1917-1979)
1976 1979 Conservative Chris Klaudes
- Chris Klaudes (ad interim)
(1929-2015)
1979 1980 Conservative None
27
Lawrence Radigan
Lawrence Radigan
(1936-2016)
1980 1983 Progressive Thomas Kirchenauer
- Thomas Kirchenauer (ad interim)
(1932-)
1983 1984 Progressive None
28
Gamkrelidze in 2014
Russell Gamkrelidze
(1930-)
1984 1988 Conservative Kyle Robertson
29
Robert Johnson
Robert F. Johnson
(1946-)
1988 1996 Progressive Christine Farbeit
Henry Scheitlin
30
Frank Chambers
Frank L. Chambers
(1959-)
1996 2000 Green George F. Sullivan
31
Darryl Colston
Darryl Colston
(1961-)
2000 2004 Liberal Roger McLay
32 Carl Sladger
(1959-)
2004 2012 Progressive Thomas Roadsend
Henry Lawsey
33
Bill Stanmourne
W. H. "Bill" Stanmourne
(1964-)
2012 incumbent Progressive Jay Biedrzycki

Green Party of Rio BlancoProgressive Party of Rio BlancoConservatives of Rio Blanco

References

  1. Although there are no laws which set a specific limit on how many times the President can be reelected, twice is considered the maximum, as no President has ever held the office for more than eight years.


Presidents of Rio Blanco
1. Lanceton • 2. Montrose Garner • 3. Vynn • 4. Pence • 5. Carlson I • 6. McDenn • 7. Stagmann • 8. Coxbourne Sr. • 9. Stanson • 10. Thornton • 11. Van Oyle • 12. Kaczorowski • 13. Caines • 14. LaGausse • 15. Stowley • 16. Coxbourne Jr. • 17. Collins • 18. Eldridge • 19. Munstell • 20. Giannizzari • 21. Carlson III • 22. Roughton • 23. DiLeo • 24. Krzywydzieski • 25. Rutkowski • 26. DiLeo § • 27. Radigan* • 28. Gamkrelidze • 29. Johnson • 30. Chambers • 31. Colston • 32. Sladger • 33. Stanmourne

§ James DiLeo died in charge. He was succeeded by Chris Klaudes as President pro tempore.
* Radigan was ousted from office. He was succeeded by Thomas Kirchenauer as President pro tempore.

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