|President of the Republic of Rio Blanco|
Presidente de la República de Río Blanco (es)
Presidente della Repubblica di Rio Blanco (it)
Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej Białej Rzeki (pl)
Präsident der Rioblankishe Republik (ymd)
Presidential Flag of Rio Blanco
His/Her Excellency (abroad)
Cheesman-Boettcher Mansion |
400 East 8th Avenue, Denver, Cherry Creek
Standrod Mansion (summer residence)
648 North Lanceton, Pocatello, Uinta
|Term length||Four years, renewable|
1 August 1876
1 August 1876
Since Rio Blanco is a federal republic with presidential executive, the nation grants significant powers to the president, who effectively controls the executive branch, represents the country abroad, appoints the cabinet (the Council of Departments) and, with the approval of the Senate, the judges for the Supreme Federal Court. The president is also the commander-in-chief of the Defense Units of Rio Blanco.
The Constitution outlines the powers of the President, which include (but are not limited to):
- Appoint and dismiss the Secretaries of the Departments
- Exercise, aided by the Secretaries, the higher management of the federal administration;
- Start the legislative procedure, in the manner and cases set forth in the Constitution;
- Sanction, promulgate and order the publication of laws, and issue decrees and regulations for the true enforcement thereof;
- Veto bills, wholly or in part;
- Maintain relations with foreign nations and to accredit their diplomatic representatives;
- Conclude international treaties, conventions and acts, subject to the ratification of the Parliament of Rio Blanco;
- Decree the state of defense and the state of siege, when necessary and allowed by the Constitution;
- Upon the opening of the legislative session, send a government message and plan to the Parliament, describing the state of the nation and requesting the actions he/she deems necessary;
- Grant pardons and reduce sentences, after hearing the entities instituted by law, if necessary;
- Exercise the supreme command of the armed forces, appoint the commanders of navy, army and air force, promote general officers and to appoint them to the offices held exclusively by them;
- Appoint, after approval by the Senate, the Justices of the Supreme Court and those of the superior courts, the Prosecutor General of the Republic and other civil servants, when established by law;
- Appoint the Justices of the Court of Accounts of the Republic and the Attorney General;
- Declare war, in the event of foreign aggression, authorized by the Parliament or confirmed by it, whenever it occurs between legislative sessions and, under the same conditions, to decree full or partial national mobilization;
- Make peace, authorized or confirmed by the Parliament;
- Award decorations and honorary distinctions;
- Submit to the Parliament the quadrennial plan, the bill of budgetary directives and the budget proposals set forth in this constitution;
- Render, each year, accounts to the Parliament concerning the previous fiscal year, within sixty days of the opening of the legislative session.
The presidential election is divided into two rounds: the first being on 25 July and the second being on 1 August.
In the first round, citizens can vote for any candidate that has openly declared to run for President and submitted a valid form to the National Electoral Office in Denver, CC (for nationwide parties) or to its state branches (for statewide parties). To advance to the second round, candidates must reach a threshold of 5,000 votes.
Changes to past methods
- Prior to 1948, the President was elected indirectly by the people, passing through a group of Major Councillors (composed by Senators and Representatives), nominating the President with a winner-take-all basis, like in the United States. In 1948, following the controversial win of Ed Tomley thanks to the Major Councillors voting for him (despite the people voting for opponent Richard Eldridge), a Supreme Court sentence ruled the winner-take-all basis antidemocratic, and therefore unconstitutional. Tomley was then removed from office and the election was invalidated, with the Supreme Court ordering another election, to be held within 14 days. This time, Richard Eldridge was elected to the highest post.
- Prior to 1966, the President was elected with a quorum of 50% of the voters, plus one.
- From 1908 to 1970, voting in Rioblancoan presidential elections was compulsory for people who were between 18 and 69. However, only symbolical sanctions were applied, such as the publication of lists of non-voters and mention in police certificates that the person had failed to vote.
- Prior to 1894, only men were allowed to vote in nationwide elections. From 1894 to 1908, both men and women were allowed to vote, but only men could be elected.
- Must be a citizen of Rio Blanco (either born in Rioblancoan soil or from Rioblancoan parents).
- If naturalized, must have been a citizen for 15 years without interruption and without residences outside the national territory.
- Must be 25 years or older.
- Must not have been convicted in any crime for the last 15 years.
- Must be Christian. (1876 to 1980, applied de facto until 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union)
- Must be a man. (1876 to 1908)
Succession and incapacitation
In case the President dies, resigns or is removed from office before finishing the term, the Vice President will succeed him/her, serving until further election. This happened twice: the first time was when James DiLeo died in a car crash in 1979, with Chris Klaudes being appointed; the second time happened when Lawrence Radigan was removed from office, with Thomas Kirchenauer being appointed. Because of the temporary nature of the term, while both Klaudes and Kirchenauer are considered Presidents, they are often not counted as such.
If the President cannot attend meetings, he/she can ask the Vice President to do so in his stead. This is often done when the President is abroad, ill or undergoing surgery.
Should the Vice President be unavailable as well, the Chancellor of Rio Blanco will attend in lieu of (or succeed) the President.
† Died in charge.
¹ Even though the 1948 election saw Home Guard candidate Ed Tomley win, he only won because he was chosen by the Major Councillors, despite the majority of voters voting for Progressive Richard Eldridge. Upon repetition of the election, Eldridge was elected to the post.
|#||Image||Name||Took Office||Left Office||Party||Vice President(s)|
|1|| Edwin Lanceton|
|1876||1880||Home Guard Party||Jonas Montrose Garner|
|2|| Jonas Montrose Garner|
|1880||1884||Home Guard Party||Daniel Bergmann|
|3|| John Siegthor Vynn|
|4|| Gregory Quentin Pence|
|5|| Hugh Carlson|
|1892||1896||Home Guard Party||Anthony Craigford|
|6|| William McDenn|
|7|| Emmett Stagmann|
|1900||1904||Progressive||Herman James Earl Stroughton|
|8|| Philip Coxbourne|
|1904||1908||Home Guard Party||John Reginald Gandley|
|9|| Henry Clifford Stanson|
|10|| Warren Thornton|
|11|| Timothy Van Oyle|
|12|| Ryan Kaczorowski|
|13|| Paul Dennis Caines|
|14|| Scott Yannick LaGausse|
|1928||1932||Home Guard Party||Benjamin Unselmann|
|15|| Jack Stowley|
|1932||1936||Progressive||Arthur Reno Evans|
|16|| J. L. "Jamie" Coxbourne|
|1936||1940||Home Guard Party||Stuart Gerrie|
|17|| George Hezekiah Collins|
|1940||1944||Home Guard Party||Rhys Ashbrook|
|18|| Richard Eldridge¹|
|19|| Jonas Munstell|
|20|| Alfred Giannizzari|
|21|| Bruce Carlson|
|1956||1960||Home Guard Party||Edgar Rogalski|
|22|| Delia Roughton|
|1960||1964||Progressive||Stanley P. Matts (born Mnatsakanyan)|
|23|| James DiLeo|
|1964||1968||Home Guard Party||Jeroen De Wallen|
|24|| Nigel Krzywydzieski|
|1968||1972||Home Guard Party/Conservative||Mike Scrammer|
|25|| Larry Rutkowski|
|26|| James DiLeo†|
|-|| Chris Klaudes (ad interim)|
|27|| Lawrence Radigan|
|-|| Thomas Kirchenauer (ad interim)|
|28|| Russell Gamkrelidze|
|29|| Robert F. Johnson|
|1988||1996||Progressive|| Christine Farbeit|
|30|| Frank L. Chambers|
|1996||2000||Green||George F. Sullivan|
|31|| Darryl Colston|
|32|| Carl Sladger|
|2004||2012||Progressive|| Thomas Roadsend|
|33|| W. H. "Bill" Stanmourne|
- ↑ Although there are no laws which set a specific limit on how many times the President can be reelected, twice is considered the maximum, as no President has ever held the office for more than eight years.
|Presidents of Rio Blanco|
| 1. Lanceton • 2. Montrose Garner • 3. Vynn • 4. Pence • 5. Carlson I • 6. McDenn • 7. Stagmann • 8. Coxbourne Sr. • 9. Stanson • 10. Thornton • 11. Van Oyle • 12. Kaczorowski • 13. Caines • 14. LaGausse • 15. Stowley • 16. Coxbourne Jr. • 17. Collins • 18. Eldridge • 19. Munstell • 20. Giannizzari • 21. Carlson III • 22. Roughton • 23. DiLeo • 24. Krzywydzieski • 25. Rutkowski • 26. DiLeo § • 27. Radigan* • 28. Gamkrelidze • 29. Johnson • 30. Chambers • 31. Colston • 32. Sladger • 33. Stanmourne