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Prime Minister of Baltia
Ministerpräsident fon Baltia
Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Jürgen Ratzlaff1
Incumbent
Jürgen Ratzlaff

since 23 November 2016
StyleHis/Her Excellency
Member ofthe Government
European Council
ResidenceSmall Guild House
SeatGovernment Palace, Riga
NominatorParliament of Baltia
AppointerPresident of Baltia
Term lengthNo fixed term
Inaugural holderStanislaf Narutowicz (As the President of the Provisional Government)
Formation24 March 1918
Salary108.000€/year
DeputyDeputy Prime Minister
Websitebaltia_gov.bl

The Prime Minister of Baltia (Baltish: Ministerpräsident fon Baltia, literally translated as Minister-President of Baltia) is the head of government of the Republic of Baltia.

The Prime Minister is nominated by the President after appropriate consultations with the parliamentary factions and confirmed by the Landtag. The Prime Minister is usually the leader of the largest party in the ruling coalition. The 37th and current Prime Minister of Baltia is Jürgen Ratzlaff of the Baltish People's Party.

History

Baltia was governed by three Presidents of the Provisional Government during the first year (1918-1919) of its independence after the collapse of the Russian Empire.

Under Baltia's 1920 original Constitution, the head of government is called Minister-President. This system was a radically parliamentary system because the Prime Minister could be dismissed by the Parliament with a simple majority. In 1936, Karl Ullmann partially suspended the Constitution by increasing the powers of the President to the detriment of the Parliament and the Prime Minister. In 1945, the Constitution was reestablished in all its articles and 3 years later, with the constitutional referendum of 1948, some articles were modified. Among others changes, the powers of the Prime Minister were increased and reinforced to the detriment of the Parliament.

Powers and role

In his role as appointed by the President and laid forth in the Constitution, the Prime Minister serves as the head of government. He does not head any specific ministry, but is, in accordance with the Constitution, the supervisor of the work of the government. The Prime Minister’s significance and role in the government and his relations with other ministries often depend on the position of the party led by the Prime Pinister in vis-à-vis the coalition partners, and on how much influence the Prime Pinister possesses within his own party. If the Prime Pinister has a strong position within his party, he can enjoy considerable authority. In all crucial national questions, however, the final word rests with Landtag as the legislative power.

The Prime Minister is responsible for appointing the members of the Cabinet, the Head of the Prime Minister's Office and the Government's Chancellor, who heads the State Chancellery, which is the central administration of the Baltish government.

The function of Prime Minister is lost through resignation, death, meeting of a new legislature, entry into office of a new government or the no confidence expressed by the Landtag by the vote of an absolute majority of a resolution proposed by a fifth of members of the Parliament. The end of the Prime Minister's duties entails that of the government.

Amenities

Government Palace (Baltia)

The Government Palace in Alstadt Riga.

Small Guild House

The Small Guild House façade in Riga.

Office and residences

The Government Palace, including Government Offices and the Prime Minister's Office, is located at Cathedral Square in Riga Old Town, in front of the Riga Cathedral. In May 1856, after several buildings were demolished to create the Cathedral Square, the building was ceremoniously opened in the presence of the Russian tsar Alexander II, to housed the central administration of the Grand Duchy of Baltia.

In 1961, the Small Guild House (or the "St. John's Guild House" as it was previously called) was acquired, and since 1965 it has served as the official residence of the Prime Minister.

Bojenn, a manor house in Hasenpoth Municipality, Courland Region, has served as country official residence for the Prime Minister since 1955. The manor is also frequently used for governmental conferences and informal summits between the government, industry and organisations in Baltia.

Salary

The salaries of the cabinet ministers, including the Prime Minister, is decided by and is the subject of annual review by the Parliamentary Salary Committee (Landtag Gehaltausschuss) of the Parliament. Since 1 January 2015 the Prime Minister's monthly salary is 9,000€ or 108,000€ per year.

List of Prime Ministers (1918-present)

N. Name Took office Left office Political Party Elected Cabinet(s)
1 Stanislaf Narutowicz1
Stanislaf Narutowicz
(1862-1932)
24 March 1918 28 June 1918 Independent Narutowicz
Provisional Government.
2 Anton Schmidt
Anton Schmidt
(1874-1944)
28 June 1918 4 December 1918 BB Schmidt
First centrist PM, Provisional Government, beginning of the Baltish War of Independence, left the office because was elected Regent.
3 Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Jürgen Sauer
(1879-1948)
4 December 1918 4 April 1919 BB Sauer
Provisional Government.
4 Franz Dorfmann
Franz Dorfmann
(1886-1942)
4 April 1919 20 January 1920 NRP 1919 Dorfmann
First centre-right PM, Anton Schmidt elected President (1st term), Agrarian Act 1919.
5 August Forgrimler
August Forgrimler
(1883-1942)
20 January 1920 21 March 1921 BB Forgrimler I
First term, end of the Baltish War of Independence, Treaty of Dorpat was signed, Constitution came into force.
6 Otto Strassmann1
Otto Strassmann
(1875-1941)
21 March 1921 8 November 1923 BSDAP 1921 Strassmann
First centre-left PM, Alexander Stuckmann elected President, League of Nations membership, Municipal Act 1922, 1923 General strike.
7 Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Johannes Pilz
(1884-1942)
8 November 1923 12 December 1924 BSDAP Pilz
Failed coup d'état, 1924-1925 political crisis.
8 Ernst Gattermann
Ernst Gattermann
(1882-1967)
12 December 1924 6 March 1925 Independent Gattermann
Caretaker government.
9 Konstantin Pasche
Konstantin Pasche
(1874-1956)
6 March 1925 28 August 1931 BB 1925,1929 Pasche I
Pasche II
BR Radio begins broadcasting, Anton Schmidt elected President (2nd term), Local administration Act 1930.
(5) August Forgrimler
August Forgrimler
(1883-1942)
28 August 1931 15 January 1932 BB Forgrimler II
Second term.
10 Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Johannes Teller
(1868-1941)
15 January 1932 27 May 1932 CDU Teller
1933 General strike.
11 August Reitz
August Reitz
(1886-1963)
27 May 1932 15 May 1933 BDP 1932 Reitz
Income Tax introduced, Konstantin Pasche elected President, 1933-1935 political crisis.
(5) August Forgrimler
August Forgrimler
(1883-1942)
15 May 1933 4 September 1933 BB Forgrimler III
Third term.
12 Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Arthur Albrecht
(1876-1934)
4 September 1933 1 March 1934 BSDAP Albrecht
Resigned due to ill health; died in less than two months later.
13 Josef Totleben
Josef Totleben
(1882-1939)
1 March 1934 15 May 1935 BB Totleben
Agrarian reform Act 1935.
14 Karl Ehmann
Karl Ehmann
(1888-1942)
15 May 1935 22 October 1935 Independent Ehmann
Caretaker government.
15 Karl Ulmann
Karl Ullmann
(1877-1942)
22 October 1935 8 January 1936 BNU 1935 Ullmann
First right-wing PM, resignation of Konstantin Pasche, left the office to become new President.
16 Anton Metzger
Anton Metzger
(1887-1955)
8 January 1936 15 June 1940 BNU 1939 Metzger I
Metzger II
Partial suspension of the Constitution, beginning of WWII, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact was signed, resigned after the 1940 Soviet ultimatum.
17 Flag of the Prime Minister of Baltia1
Kasimir Schwortz
(1894-1941)
15 June 1940 18 June 1940 BNU Schwortz
Soviet occupation, arrested and dismissed as PM.
18 Vinzent Kremers
Vinzent Kremers
(1882-1954)
18 June 1940 21 July 1940 Independent Kremers
Government formed by some members of Landtag, arrested and deposed as PM.
No Baltish government (21 July 1940 - 1 October 1941)
19 Jürgen Uhlemann
Jürgen Uhlemann
(1890-1945)
1 October 1941 23 August 1942 Independent Uhlemann
Government in exile.
20 Otto Thiessen
Otto Thiessen
(1889-1976)
23 August 1942 5 May 1945 Independent Thiessen
Government in exile.
21 Reinhold Maisel
Reinhold Meisser
(1889-1971)
5 May 1945 16 October 1945 BSDAP/SP Meisser
First centre-left PM since 1934, unity government, liberation & end of WWII, Constitution reinstated, "active neutrality” policy starts.
22 Karl Schmidt
Karl Schmidt
(1896-1979)
16 October 1945 10 October 1952 SP 1945, 1949 Schmidt I
Schmidt II
Reinhold Meisser elected President, first municipal elections, Health Act 1947 & foundation of the National Health Service, Constitutional reform 1948, Education Act 1950, resigned after not having support in the party conference.
23 Gerhard Mucke
Gerhard Mucke
(1900-1990)
10 October 1952 17 December 1958 SP 1953, 1957 Mucke I
Mucke II
Mucke III
BR TV begins broadcasting, Karl Schmidt elected President, Tax increase, child benefit creation, defeated by a vote of no confidence.
24 Jürgen Kindler
Jürgen Kindler
(1904-1988)
17 December 1958 16 December 1966 BFP 1958, 1962 Kindler I
Kindler II
First centre-right PM since 1932, approach to the West, Local administration reform Act 1960, Pension reform Act 1963.
25 Johannes Fischbein
Johannes Fischbein
(1913-2007)
16 December 1966 18 August 1978 BFP 1966, 1970,
1974
Fischbein I
Fischbein II
Fischbein III
Jürgen Kindler elected President, Constitutional reform 1970, Fischbein affair, resigned after SP withdraw from the government coalition.
26 Annemarie Grimminger
Annemarie Grimminger
(1924-2012)
18 August 1978 21 December 1978 BFP Grimminger
First female elected PM, death penalty abolished.
27 Lorenz Spahn
Lorenz Spahn
(1937-2016)
21 December 1978 22 January 1991 SP 1978, 1982,
1986
Spahn I
Spahn II
Spahn III
Longest serving PM. Abortion Act 1979, Health Act 1980, Constitutional reform 1981, Municipal reform Act 1981, Gerhard Mucke elected President, resignation of Gerhard Mucke, Leonard Meier elected President.
28 Berthold Lutz
Berthold Lutz
(1938-2011)
22 January 1991 22 June 1992 BFP 1990 Lutz
Early 1990s economic crisis, 1992 political crisis, defeated by a vote of no confidence.
29 Johannes Pracht
Johannes Pracht
(1952-)
22 June 1992 7 January 1993 Independent Pracht
Caretaker government, Veronika Finke-Freiberger elected President.
30 Martin Lasch
Martin Lasch
(1960-)
7 January 1993 25 November 1994 CSU 1992 Lasch I
First term, Ruble scandal, Viking Sally disaster, EU referendum and accession rejected, defeated by a vote of no confidence.
31 Andreas Taschner
Andreas Taschner
(1940-)
25 November 1994 17 April 1995 BFP Taschner
Human Rights Act 1995.
32 Andreas Scheller
Andreas Scheller
(1958-)
17 April 1995 25 March 1999 SP 1995 Scheller
Social Care Act 1996, unsuccessful vote of no confidence.
(30) Martin Lasch
Martin Lasch
(1960-)
25 March 1999 28 January 2002 CSU 1999 Lasch II
Second term, Martin Lasch shooting controversy.
33 Samuel Kallmann
Samuel Kallmann
(1948-)
28 January 2002 10 April 2003 ZP Kallmann
First centrist PM since 1935, military conscription abolished.
34 Einar Reitter
Einar Reitter
(1961-)
10 April 2003 12 April 2005 CSU 2003 Reitter
EU & NATO referendum and accession, Thomas H. Imhoff elected President, resigned after a vote of no confidence against Minister of Justice.
35 Andreas Annen
Andreas Annen
(1956-)
12 April 2005 26 March 2014 ZP 2007, 2011 Annen I
Annen II
Annen III
Reval unrest, cyberattacks launched against Baltia, financial crisis of 2007–2008, anti-austerity protests, Euro enters into circulation.
36 David Romberg1
David Romberg
(1979-)
26 March 2014 23 November 2016 ZP 2015 Romberg I
Romberg II
Military conscription reintroduced, same-sex unions legalized, Christine Kallenbach elected President, defeated by a vote of no confidence.
37 Jürgen Ratzlaff1
Jürgen Ratzlaff
(1978-)
23 November 2016 Incumbent BFP Ratzlaff
Edmund Sauerland trial, presidency of the Council of the EU.

Living former Prime Ministers

NameTermDate of birthAge
Johannes Pracht 1992-1993 2 August 1952 65
Martin Lasch 1993-1994/1999-2002 22 April 1960 57
Andreas Taschner 1994-1995 11 January 1940 77
Andreas Scheller 1995-1999 16 January 1958 59
Samuel Kallmann 2002-2003 2 October 1948 68
Einar Reitter 2003-2005 9 December 1961 55
Andreas Annen 2005-2014 1 October 1956 61
David Romberg 2014-2016 26 September 1979 37

See also

Deputy Prime Minister of Baltia
President of Baltia
Government of Baltia
Leader of the Opposition

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