|Republic of Cascadia|
|Motto: Land of the Abundant|
|Anthem: Sunset Beautiful|
|Largest Cities.|| Vancouver, Seattle, Portland|
|Recognized regional languages||French, Russian, Various Native American languages|
- Prime Minister
| Parliamentary Democracy|
- Upper house
- Lower house
| Parliament of Cascadia|
National Council of Cascadia
National Assembly of Cascadia
|Formation||April 17th, 2005|
- 2009 census
| 20 million+|
- Per capita
| 2009 estimate|
- Per capita
| $681 billion|
|HDI (2009)||.963 (very high) (3rd)|
|Currency||Casnara (₡) (RCC)|
|Drives on the||Right|
|Calling Code||+250, +360, & +458|
The Republic of Cascadia, more commonly referred to as Cascadia, is a nation made up of a group of former U.S. states and Canadian provinces. Cascadia was formed when these states and provinces seceded from their former countries and joined together to create their own nation, the Republic of Cascadia. Cascadia is on the Northwest Pacific coast where Oregon, Washington, and parts of British Columbia (Southwestern) used to exist. Cascadia has a land area of approximately 895,000 square kilometers, divided into 23 regions, which are further subdivided into 360 districts. Cascadia has a population of about 20 million citizens, almost none of which are in poverty. The capital city of Cascadia is Seattle, and Vancouver is the largest city by population. The government of Cascadia is a form of parliamentary democracy, with the current President being William Ledigh, and Nathan Flech being Prime Minister.
- Main article: History of Cascadia
The first people to live and rule the land currently known as Cascadia were various native American tribes with vibrant cultures. The most notable are most likely the Makah culture that controlled some of what is now Seattle and sections going farther south and north of Seattle. The native Americans lived in peace and ruled these areas until the sixteenth century. When European explorers landed on American shores in 1492, much oppression and war broke out against the native tribes, however, this did not affect the northwest tribes--yet. Many Cascadian citizens reject both Christopher Columbus's and Leif Erikson's claim that they "discovered" the Americas. Columbus day is not celebrated as well; instead, Native American Heritage day is celebrated, similar to that in the Union of Everett.
Since 1492, many explorers and colonists flooded the Americas and began colonizing the land. On April 2, 1513, Spanish conquistador Juan Ponce de León landed on what he called "La Florida"—the first documented European arrival on what would become the U.S. mainland. Spanish settlements in the region were followed by ones in the present-day southwestern United States that drew thousands through Mexico. French fur traders established outposts of New France around the Great Lakes; France eventually claimed much of the North American interior, down to the Gulf of Mexico. The first successful English settlements were the Virginia Colony in Jamestown in 1607 and the Pilgrims' Plymouth Colony in 1620. The 1628 chartering of the Massachusetts Bay Colony resulted in a wave of migration; by 1634, New England had been settled by some 10,000 Puritans. By the turn of the century, African slaves were becoming the primary source of bonded labor. With the 1729 division of the Carolinas and the 1732 colonization of Georgia, the thirteen British colonies that would become the United States of America were established. All had local governments with elections open to most free men, with a growing devotion to the ancient rights of Englishmen and a sense of self-government stimulating support for republicanism. All legalized the African slave trade. With high birth rates, low death rates, and steady immigration, the colonial population grew rapidly. Excluding the Native Americans, who were being displaced, those thirteen colonies had a population of 2.6 million in 1770, about one-third that of Britain; nearly one in five Americans were black slaves. Though subject to British taxation, the American colonials had no representation in the Parliament of Great Britain.
The United States of AmericaEdit
Tensions between American colonials and the British during the revolutionary period of the 1760s and early 1770s led to the American Revolutionary War, fought from 1775 through 1781. On June 14, 1775, the Continental Congress, convening in Philadelphia, established a Continental Army under the command of George Washington. Proclaiming that "all men are created equal" and endowed with "certain unalienable Rights," the Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence, drafted largely by Thomas Jefferson, on July 4, 1776. That date is now celebrated annually as America's Independence Day. In 1777, the Articles of Confederation established a weak federal government that operated until 1789.
After the British defeat by American forces assisted by the French, Great Britain recognized the independence of the United States and the states' sovereignty over American territory west to the Mississippi River. A constitutional convention was organized in 1787 by those wishing to establish a strong national government, with powers of taxation. The United States Constitution was ratified in 1788, and the new republic's first Senate, House of Representatives, and president George Washington took office in 1789. The Bill of Rights, forbidding federal restriction of personal freedoms and guaranteeing a range of legal protections, was adopted in 1791.
Americans' eagerness to expand westward prompted a long series of Indian Wars and an Indian removal policy that stripped the native peoples of their land. The Louisiana Purchase of French-claimed territory under President Thomas Jefferson in 1803 almost doubled the nation's size. The War of 1812, declared against Britain over various grievances and fought to a draw, strengthened U.S. nationalism. A series of U.S. military incursions into Florida led Spain to cede it and other Gulf Coast territory in 1819. The United States annexed the Republic of Texas in 1845. The concept of Manifest Destiny was popularized during this time. The 1846 Oregon Treaty with Britain led to U.S. control of the present-day American Northwest. The U.S. victory in the Mexican-American War resulted in the 1848 cession of California and much of the present-day American Southwest.
Tensions between slave and free states mounted with arguments over the relationship between the state and federal governments, as well as violent conflicts over the spread of slavery into new states. Abraham Lincoln, candidate of the largely antislavery Republican Party, was elected president in 1860. Before he took office, seven slave states declared their secession—which the federal government maintained was illegal—and formed the Confederate States of America. With the Confederate attack upon Fort Sumter, the American Civil War began and four more slave states joined the Confederacy. Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation committed the Union to ending slavery. Following the Union victory in 1865, three amendments to the U.S. Constitution ensured freedom for the nearly four million African Americans who had been slaves, made them citizens, and gave them voting rights. The war and its resolution led to a substantial increase in federal power.
The 1867 Alaska purchase from Russia completed the country's mainland expansion. The Wounded Knee massacre in 1890 was the last major armed conflict of the Indian Wars. In 1893, the indigenous monarchy of the Pacific Kingdom of Hawaii was overthrown in a coup led by American residents; the United States annexed the archipelago in 1898.
At the outbreak of World War I in 1914, the United States remained neutral. Most Americans sympathized with the British and French, although many opposed intervention. In 1917, the United States joined the Allies, turning the tide against the Central Powers. In 1920, the women's rights movement won passage of a constitutional amendment granting women's suffrage. The prosperity of the Roaring Twenties ended with the Wall Street Crash of 1929 that triggered the Great Depression. After his election as president in 1932, Franklin D. Roosevelt responded with the New Deal, a range of policies increasing government intervention in the economy. The Dust Bowl of the mid-1930s impoverished many farming communities and spurred a new wave of western migration. The United States, effectively neutral during World War II's early stages after Nazi Germany's invasion of Poland in September 1939, began supplying material to the Allies in March 1941 through the Lend-Lease program. On December 7, 1941, the United States joined the Allies against the Axis powers after a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by Japan. The United States, having developed the first nuclear weapons, used them on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August. Japan surrendered on September 2, ending the war.
The United States and Soviet Union jockeyed for power after World War II during the Cold War, dominating the military affairs of Europe through NATO and the Warsaw Pact. The United States promoted liberal democracy and capitalism, while the Soviet Union promoted communism and a centrally planned economy. Both supported countries using their ideologies and engaged in proxy wars. The 1961 Soviet launch of the first manned spaceflight prompted President John F. Kennedy's call for the United States to be first to land "a man on the moon," achieved in 1969. Kennedy also faced a tense nuclear showdown with Soviet forces in Cuba. Meanwhile, the United States experienced sustained economic expansion. A growing civil rights movement, led by African Americans such as Rosa Parks and Martin Luther King, Jr., fought segregation and discrimination. Following Kennedy's assassination in 1963, the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed under President Lyndon B. Johnson. Johnson and his successor, Richard Nixon, expanded a proxy war in Southeast Asia into the unsuccessful Vietnam War. The subsequent Soviet collapse ended the Cold War.
The leadership role taken by the United States and its allies in the UN–sanctioned Gulf War, under President George H. W. Bush, and the Yugoslav wars, under President Bill Clinton, helped to preserve its position as a superpower. On September 11, 2001, al-Qaeda terrorists struck the World Trade Center in New York City and The Pentagon near Washington, D.C., killing nearly three thousand people. In response, President Bush launched the War on Terrorism. In late 2001, U.S. forces led an invasion of Afghanistan, removing the Taliban government and al-Qaeda training camps. Taliban insurgents continue to fight a guerilla war. In 2002, the Bush administration began to press for regime change in Iraq on controversial grounds. Lacking the support of NATO or an explicit UN mandate for military intervention, Bush organized a Coalition of the Willing; coalition forces preemptively invaded Iraq in 2003, removing dictator and former U.S. ally Saddam Hussein.
After corruption struck the western world in the beginning of the 21st century, the states that now make up Cascadia began to clamor for independence from the United States. After the Everetti states seceded, Washington and Oregon seceded as well--but did not join Everett unlike many other former US states. The two states eventually became The Republic of the Cascades and signed a treaty in the United Nations on April 17, 2004 with the United States effectively granting the two states independence. Soon, parts of British Columbia had a majority wanting to join the new republic, however, many loyalists residing in the province, especially the northeastern parts, did not. An agreement was made and a treaty signed, allowing Canada to keep the more loyalist, northern and eastern parts of British Columbia, while the rest of the province would be allowed to join the Republic of the Cascades, whose name was soon changed to the Republic of Cascadia. A flag was decided on for the quickly developing republic, known as the Doug. Within a year, it was done nationalizing and reforming itself, and its HDI continued growing. In the following years, the Republic of Cascadia's economic power eventually grew to rival the United States and other countries, as their nominal GDP is close to 700 billion US dollars and the country owns a relatively valuable currency, the Casnara.
In 2005, Cascadia became a United Nations security council member and established itself as both a food and metal provider for the world, important resources which can be traded for the now diminishing need for oil (aside for making plastic). The GDP continued to climb as their diplomacy continued to grow, resulting in alliances with both the Soviet Union, Everett, several European countries, and New Zealand. In 2007, Cascadia was invited into the G9 effectively making the group the Group of Ten. Meanwhile, HDI and average IQ continued to climb in Cascadia with new educational and environmental programs being established as the debt was slowly being paid off with a trade surplus of exports. Cascadia also uses its surplus for the investigation of new technology, eventually helping produce clean fission power and improving fusion power.
In 2006, Cascadia founded its own space program, CSEA, and started building up its Military. Subcategories in the army were developed and new spacecraft and aircraft planned and produced for the twinned military organizations. Various space-capable planes have been produced, one being slightly larger than an Airbus A380. The CSEA recently launched its first space probe, Barnard, and sent it to the gas giant of Jupiter and the four galilean moons. These programs were funded by Cascadia's stable surplus earned from their exports. By 2009, Droids and lasers had been developed and were quickly catching up to Everett in terms of technological advancement. By this time the Casnara had also reached its present strength at about .81 US Dollars per Casnara while being a frequently traded currency.
In February 2010, Cascadia entered its first war, the 2010 Yarphese War to help stop the Yarphese invasion of the Falkland Islands, Soviet Union, Great Britain, and various other parts of the world. By its end in December 2010, Yarphei had gained some extra territory but had lost its stranglehold on the country of Belgium. Cascadia considers it a strategic victory, as it repelled a Yarphese annexation of the United Kingdom, Soviet Union, the Allied States, and Belgium. Shortly after the conclusion of the war, President William Ledigh has stated that Cascadia wishes to remain neutral in further wars if possible.
- Main article: Government of Cascadia
The official type of government in Cascadia is parliamentary republic. In Cascadia, there is an elected parliament, called the Parliament of Cascadia, consisting of two houses, the National Council of Cascadia (upper house), and the National Assembly of Cascadia (lower house). The leading coalition of political parties in the National Assembly selects the Prime Minister of Cascadia, and forms the ministers of the government. The elected President of Cascadia appoints secretaries of the government, one for each ministry. National Assembly members hold their seats by the members of their electoral districts for two years, or until Parliament is dissolved, while National Council members serve for four years. The President is elected every four years, along with every National Council election.
The Prime Minister of Cascadia is Nathan Flech (born 9 June 1967), having served since his party, the Progressive Party formed a coalition government with the Democratic Party, in the first election on May 1, 2004. The Progressives and Democrats have retained a majority in Parliament to this day. The President of Cascadia is William Ledigh (born 11 February 1960), also having served since May 1, 2004. Ledigh was re-elected as President in the 2008 election. In Cascadia, the elections take place on the first Saturday of May, and stay open from 7:00 to 22:00.
Cascadia's government offices are completed and functional in the city of Seattle, with the final offices being finished on April 2, 2008. The offices consist of many buildings, including a manor for the prime minister, the parliament building, buildings for each of the ministries, the archive building, CIA (Cascadian Investigation Agency) headquarters, CEPA (Cascadian Enviromental Protection Agency) headquarters, and many more buildings for various government agencies. There is also an area dedicated to the United States and Canada for nurturing the former and province/states for a long time, and a 2010 Yarphese War memorial.
- Main article: Culture of Cascadia
The Republic of Cascadia contains just over 20 million citizens as of the January 2009 census. The official language of Cascadia is English but there are two other secondary languages, French and Russian. The French and Russian languages are mostly spoken in what was British Columbia. There are hundreds of various religions and beliefs protected by the freedom of religion, although the most common are Atheism and Christianity. Cascadia is a nation that supports the equal rights of all people in the world, and nearly all citizens believe that every person has the right to exist and do as they wish because it is a gift to be alive.
Racism, Sexism, and Homophobia are strongly looked down upon in Cascadia. Discriminating against other people such as paying them less money because of their gender, race, and/or sexual orientation is a crime in Cascadia. If one commits a hate crime, the punishments can be as high as jail for 1 year to 10 years depending on the severity of the crime. Cascadia allows the mild use of the death penalty and uses it only for murder and rape crimes although some are against the death penalty completely. Once again, Cascadia allows full equal rights to all people, which includes work place discrimination laws, the balanced rights and school discrimination laws. Any jobs where women were not being given the same paychecks as their male equals were given pay raises to what that is of men. In the United States, some women did not get paid quite the same amount of money as a man for the same job. Such inequalities in Cascadia are felony crimes, punishable by a fine of 50,000 casnaras and 1 to 5 years in jail. Stem cell research is completely legal and encouraged by the Prime Minister and the Cascadian Legislature, and both say Stem Cell Research is the best way to fight diseases and break barriers. Abortion is also legal, as laws state that women over 18 can have abortions before 20 weeks. Cascadia is studying to create vaccines and cures for AIDS, SARS, Influenza and Cancer, as well as other serious diseases. Firearms are completely illegal for those not in the military and any gun shops were shut down by the government. This was decided in 2005 as the citizens took a vote and overwhelmingly voted for no guns at all or extreme limits on guns.
85% of the Cascadia's population owns or at least uses computers, 96% of those users also use the internet. Only 65% of the nation owns or drives a car, and 10% of those car drivers are driving an electric, solar, fusion, or hybrid car. Cascadia has control of only two airlines but it also controls Boeing, a major producer of airplanes. Cascadia is also one of the most plane-attracted nations in the world.
Cascadia allows and supports the use of nuclear (both fission and fusion) power for citywide power and various other types as well. The reactors are heavily guarded and have Mechanical droids and Anti-aircraft guns protecting them against terrorists and other threats. The chance of a meltdown at this point at one of the 5 reactors in Cascadia is currently at about 0.0003% chance, the lowest in the world. Using superheated ions for power in Cascadia is being researched in alliance with Russia.
Interesting Facts About CascadiaEdit
- Cascadia uses the metric system, and only puts Kilometers per hour on traffic signs, but uses the customary and metric system on measuring cups.
- Over 73% of Cascadians are atheists.
- 85% of citizens aged ten or older own a computer.
- 96% of computer owners use the internet on that computer.
- 65% of citizens aged 16 or older drive a car.
- Cascadia has the lowest pollution rate of any nation, and has just beaten out Everett.
- Cascadia has the lowest nuclear accident probability rate of all nations, which stands at 0.0003% and still falling with breakthroughs.
- Cascadia is the fourth highest nation in artificial intelligence levels, after Everett, America and Russia.
- Cascadia is the most western country in the world and is overall closest to the international date line of its right side.
Holidays And EventsEdit
|January 1st||New Year's Day||Celebration of the new year.|
|Third Monday of January||Martin Luther King Jr. Day||Honors Martin Luther King Jr and equal rights.|
|First Sunday of February||Super Bowl Sunday||North American Handegg Game|
|February 14th||Valentine's Day||Traditional celebration of love and romance, including the exchange of cards, candy, flowers, and other gifts.|
|February or March||Mardi Gras||A festive season carnival.|
|March 17th||St. Patrick's Day||A celebration of Irish heritage and culture, based on the Catholic feast of St. Patrick.|
|March or April||Good Friday||Religious holiday, memorial of Jesus being crucified.|
|April 1st||April Fools Day||A day to play tricks on family, friends, and coworkers.|
|April 17th||Independence Day||Celebration of Oregonian and Washingtonian independence from the United States.|
|April 25th||British Columbia Day||Celebration of British Columbian independence from Canada.|
|Spring Sunday||Easter||Celebrates the Christian belief in the resurrection of Jesus.|
|April 22nd||Earth Day||A day used to promote environmentalism.|
|Spring||Arbor Day||A day for the planting of trees, commonly the last Friday of April but depending on the climate of the state.|
|Second Sunday in May||Mother's Day||Honors mothers and motherhood.|
|Last Monday in May||Memorial Day||Honors the soldiers died serving their nation.|
|Third Sunday in June||Father's Day||Honors fathers and fatherhood.|
|Second Thurday in July||Parliament Day||Honors Parliament and representation.|
|Last Saturday in August||Teacher's Day||Honors teachers and educators.|
|First Monday of September||Labor Day||Celebrates the achievements of workers and the labor movement; marks the unofficial end of the summer season.|
|September or October||Rosh Hashanah||Traditional beginning of the Jewish High Holidays.|
|September or October||Yom Kippur||Traditional end of and highest of the Jewish High Holidays.|
|Second Monday in October||Native American Heritage Day||Honors and celebrates the Native American tribes and nations. Formerly Columbus Day.|
|October 31st||Halloween||Celtic festival of Samhain and the Christian holy day of All Saints.|
|November 11th||Veteran's Day||Honors all veterans of the United States armed forces and Cascadian military.|
|Fourth Thursday in November||Thanksgiving Day||Traditionally celebrates the giving of thanks for the autumn harvest. Traditionally includes the consumption of a turkey dinner Traditional start of the holiday season.|
|Friday After Thanksgiving Day||Black Friday||Kickoff to the Christmas shopping season, known to be the busiest shopping day of the year.|
|December||Hanukkah||An eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Second Temple in Jerusalem at the time of the Maccabean Revolt of the 2nd century BCE.|
|December 25th||Christmas Day||Both a religious (nativity of Jesus) and commerical holiday (exchanging of gifts).|
|December 26th - January 1st||Kwanzaa||African American holiday celebration created in 1966 by Dr. Maulana Ron Karenga.|
|December 31st||New Year's Eve||Final day of the year, celebrated in Cascadia with the fireworks and carnivals.|
- Black History Month (February)
- American Heart Month (February)
- National Nutrition Month (March)
- Cancer Control Month (April)
- Child Abuse Prevention Month (April)
- LGBT Pride Month (June)
- Native American Heritage Month (August)
- Prostate/Breast Cancer Awareness Month (October)
- Poverty Awareness Month (November)
- Human Rights Month (December)
- Main article: Economy of Cascadia
Cascadia has has a relatively valuable currency. At the moment, the Cascadian Casnara is in between the New Zealand dollar and Australian dollar at about 0.814 casnaras per US dollar. Cascadia has no debt, which was most of was paid off in 2007, and the national surplus is about 0.87 billion Casnaras, or about 0.71 billion US Dollars. The Cascadian Gross Domestic Product is a little bit more than six trillion US dollars (or 7 trillion 400 billion casnaras), while the unemployment rate sits at about 2.5% (gaining slowly). The main jobs Cascadia depends on are the aircraft, computer technology, biotechnology, timber, and metal (both building and luxury) industries. Cascadia is famed for holding the Microsoft Corporation's headquarters. Microsoft had later built both an Everetti and American sector in each country and kept its Headquarters in Cascadia. Bill and Melinda Gates became Cascadian citizens. Boeing also does major work in Cascadia, which also has a large Cascadian Airbus sector. Cascadia also has many metals under its ground and large forests which provide valuable metals, sturdy metals, timber, food, and more to trade with other nations. In return for the wealth of important trading materials, Cascadia often buys Grains from the United States and cars and manufactured goods from other countries such as China, the East Asian Federation, or Europe.
Since the Gini rate is very low in Cascadia at 26.3%, wealth is distributed relatively evenly compared to other countries, but it is still not perfect. Most of the citizens are taxed 5% to 20% of their income depending on their wealth and income, although the richer and poorer citizens may exceed this average ranges. Unemployed citizens are not taxed anything and receive help from the government of Cascadia. Most of the citizens in Cascadia believe they have a fair amount of taxes.
- Main article: Military of Cascadia
- Main article: Cascadian Space Program
The Cascadian Space Exploration Agency (CSEA) was formed in October 2006. The agency is new and currently consists of seven major space craft, the RC-1 cruiser and a second, larger craft, the RC-2 battlecruiser. The battlecruiser is a powerful spacecraft that capable of leaving the atmosphere more efficiently than a rocket. The battlecruisers also uses fission-fusion recycling system to move itself through the void of space. Both the space force and air force of Cascadia work together to both plan and build spacecraft and/or aircraft.
- Primary Weapon: Advanced Laser Firer-2.1.
- Sidearm: Aphet M95 .35
- Armor: Dragonscale Body Vest
- Fleet Stats:
- Fighters: 300
- Sweepers: 175
- Frigates: 16
- Cruisers: 6
- Battlecruisers: 1
- Scientific: 2
- Total Troops: 2,600
- Main article: Environment of Cascadia
Cascadia currently has the lowest pollution rate in the world due to environmentalist reforms in 2005 and the decommissioning of coal power plants, followed in 2006 by oil and eventually natural gas power plants. Tree planting operations have been started by the Cascadian Environmental Protection Agency and the Ministry of the Interior of Cascadia. Furthermore, Cascadia currently only uses renewable sources to create its power for industry, commercial businesses, services, and residential homes. The main power sources of Cascadia is Nuclear power; including both Fusion power and Fission Power. as well as some small amounts of Hydroelectric and Solar, though Solar is mostly used in portable devices, such as droids, whereas Hydroelectric is mostly used for surplus power in small towns with rivers. The Fission Power is clean, and 100% of Nuclear Waste can be turned back into Uranium, along with a 0.01% chance of meltdown at all plants. Fusion power is naturally safe, though the cost is so high few have been built. Geothermal power also exists, and is mostly used for towns near active or dormant volcanoes.
- Main article: Technology in Cascadia
- Main article: Foreign Relations of Cascasdia
Everett and Cascadia have enjoyed increasing warm relations. The countries recently fought together in the 2010 Yarphese War against the Grand Yarphese Republic, and also share much technology together such as robotic and agricultural technology. Both countries are also founding members of the Planetary Alliance For Freedom (PAFF).
Despite Cascadia fighting in the 2010 Yarphese War against Yarphei, relations have began to improve with the country, hopefully to pre-war levels as Cascadian officials stated. Cascadia criticizes the slow improvement of human rights which seem to increase at the same rate as the defrosting of foreign relations between the two countries. However, the two nations are at opposite poles of the political spectrum.
Cascadia and the USSR trade a lot of goods with each other and enjoy economic support of each other in times of war and national emergency. Cascadia is working to decrease poverty in the USSR.