|City of São Paulo|
|— City —|
|Nickname(s): Land of Drizzle and Sampa|
|Country||United Federation of Southern America|
|Founded||January 25, 1554|
|- Mayor||Gilberto Kasaab|
|- Density||7,216.3/km2 (18,690.1/sq mi)|
|Time zone||Eastern Southern America Time (UTC-5:00)|
São Paulo is the capital city of South America, and a beta+ world city for economic and political importance. The city underwent major redevelopment in 2001, along with the rest of the nation, and has had extreme modifications and modernizations every since 2001. The city is home to the busiest airport in the UFSA, the busiest train station in the UFSA, and one of the world's densest light rail/monorail. As of 2010, São Paulo has a population of nearly eleven million.
In 1992, the city was selected to be the capital of the United Federation of Southern America. The city gained international recognition as the capital of one of the world's largest growing nations. In 1994, the city began to drop in crime rates dramatically. This was because of a city wide ordinance that initially stunted crime growth within the city. The city began development on a new airport in 2000, and one year later, a major redevelopment project went under way with turning the city into a modern metropolis as the overall goal.
The first portion of the redevelopment was by creating a road network that would allow continuous flows of traffic in all directions. An overpass type system was developed for high capacity roads in which a major avenue went under another, with ramps leading to the two. The intersections would allow for a nonstop flow of traffic towards highways and important sections of the city. The next phase of the transit portion was a light rail system which connects the two major airports of São Paulo, and that some parts of the rail be above ground to allow the rail to pass over major roads without causing any major traffic delays. The transit portion would be completed with the modernization of the São Paulo Principal Station, the Airports, and improved roads.
The second portion of redevelopment changed the layout of the districts of the city, allowing for a much more efficiently located fire and police stations around the city. The city would be divided into thirty districts, and then those districts further divided into neighborhoods. All districts of the city would receive new police and fire stations, and five of the districts would receive state funded medical centers. Some of the most prominent of the districts include the Central Business District, Jardins, and the Federal Kilometer.
The third and last portion of the redevelopment was the renovation and rebuilding of older buildings, and the turning of slums into organized public housing facilities. Slums previously made of cheap materials like scrap metal were destroyed and turned into large public housing blocks with no rents or taxes so that the occupants of the building could have enough money to buy daily necessities. The portion of the project was a success, and still today, the public housing has low crime rates unlike stereotyped public housing facilities mainly seen on media.
São Paulo's redevelopment was finished on June 18th, 2004, and the city was an overall better place. The city continued to grow up to a population of eleven million by March of 2010.
São Paulo is situated between a triangular shaped beltway, which at the east and west ends continue out of the city along the coast line. The north route leads inland towards Brasilia and Belo Horizonte, while the Southern Route leads to the costal port city of Santos. São Paulo has 30 districts, each district having its own neighborhoods. São Paulo has large amounts of zoning, creating a pedestrian friendly city, however because of its size, most pedestrians prefer to ride the Metro lines.
São Paulo is divided into 30 districts, each having its own selection of neighborhoods. Metro stations located among these districts are divided so that to every four neighborhoods, there is one Metro station. São Paulo uses a district system that evenly divides the city into three parts; South, Central, and East. São Paulo is also one of the only cities in South America that does not use a grid layout system for its districts, as the city is very old, and a grid is harder to create over the city.
ArchitectureEditSão Paulo has had a unique architecture since it founding in the 1500s. During the modernization of the city in 2001, a new and modern architectural style was adopted to replace the older buildings of the city. The style was called South American Architecture, and it consisted of mainly glass buildings, outfitted with mid stone gray, white, and light blue colors. This style has also been continued on smaller buildings in the city like homes, by using glass and white to build over the older hispanic buildings.
São Paulo's extensive amount of zoning has led to a pedestrian friendly city, and its districts usually help define the zones of the city. The city is zoned in some place to where each district could have a small commercial sector, and allow for income to spread across the city. São Paulo's only area where it is not zoned is the Federal Kilometer in the Central Portion of the city.
Parks and Public CentersEdit
São Paulo has a large collection parks and public facilities, as the 2001 modernization also aimed to create a better "Green City". The Green City goal was to build at least five parks per one square kilometer. Museums, recreational facilities, and convention centers were also built for public use during the modernization efforts in 2001. This resulted in a high amount of capacity for the city's public centers.
São Paulo is a large factor in the Economy of the UFSA. São Paulo is the third largest city in the UFSA, and has a very diverse economy with the commercial services sector being the largest of all economic sectors in the city. Residents of São Paulo who work in the industrial sector have to commute Southeast to the industrial portions outside of São Paulo. This is because many industries that pollute heavily have been banned from the city, however, the city remains one of the most productive in South America. Based on a survey in 2010, most of the residents of the city work in the Arts Industry, which includes jobs such as designers, sculptors, authors, and artists. Because of this, São Paulo is known to be a large center of culture in South America, with more public displays per square kilometer than any other city in the world. São Paulo also has a large commerce sector, with many companies having branch headquarters in the city, and only a few with their actual head quarters. São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro have also brought the idea of merging up, but development between the two cities would have to increase before anymore of these talks.
MallsEditSão Paulo has many malls located throughout the city which help small business owners rent property to sell their items. The largest mall in South America is also located in São Paulo, the Ciduad Vale Mall. The Ciduad Vale is built primarily underground, with a few sections being built at ground level. São Paulo has flourished from the malls, which make them an integral part of the city, and large benefactors to the wealth of São Paulo.
São Paulo has extremely dense traffic, with more and more people having to rely on the city mass transit systems. São Paulo has a large mass transit system, with a high number of stops and a very large capacity amount. São Paulo Metro is the largest contributing factor of Mass Transit in the city, and it uses both a light rail and monorail system to keep from intersecting with important sections of road in the city.
São Paulo has a large road network and an intercity highway which uses underpasses to go under other important avenues. The São Paulo Intercity Highway crosses on four sides onto the South American Highway Network, with connections to Rio de Janeiro, Campinas, Santos, and Curitibas. São Paulo has the third highest amount of road traffic in the country, with Montevideo containing the most.
São Paulo is a central part of the South American Public Rail Network, having a large station which is the densest in the country per day. São Paulo's connection to this network allows for a high velocity of travel domestically, which helps the local economy grow each day. São Paulo also is the host of the line, with its control station located in the city.
AirEditSão Paulo is serviced by two international airports, São Paulo/Guarulhos – Governor André Franco Montoro International Airport and São Paulo Federal Aeroporto Internacional. Both airports are open the the public for twenty four hours of each day. They are both also managed by the São Paulo Airport Management Service.
São Paulo has a high literacy rate, and a large amount of local government spending is dedicated to education. São Paulo's has a total of two schools per district, with a total of 60 public schools in all. São Paulo is also home to three universities; Universidade Federal da Sul-América em São Paulo, São Paulo Escola de Artes and Universidade Estadual de São Paulo. Education is a large focus of São Paulo's local government, and it is speculated that every resident has attended at least first cycle primary schooling. São Paulo is also divided into certain School Districts which manage the schools in a certain region of the city. There are three School Districts for the corresponding Sector of the city; South São Paulo, Central São Paulo, and East São Paulo.
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