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Second Cold War
Part of Altverse
Date Early 2008–present
Location Worldwide
Result Ongoing
Belligerents
Trans-Pacific Allied Community
TPAC

Flag of Canada Canada¹
Flag of Colombia Colombia
Flag of South Korea Korea
Flag of Japan Japan
Flag of Bangladesh Bangladesh
Sri lankaflagSri Lanka
Flag of Maldives Maldives
Flag of Sierra Sierra
Flag of South Vietnam South Vietnam
UCNZ flag 5 United Commonwealtha
Flag of the United States United States¹
Blue compass rose
NATO

Flag of Albania Albania
Flag of Gaul France
Flag of Belgium Belgium
Flag of Denmark Denmark
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands
Flag of Italy Italy
Flag of Spain Spain
Flag of Portugal Portugal
Flag of Norway Norway
Other allies
Flag of Israel Israel
Flag of Rhodesia Rhodesia
Flag of Iraq Iraq
Flag of Kuwait Kuwait
Flag of Morocco Morocco
Flag of Jordan Jordan
Flag of Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation
SCO

Flag of the People's Republic of China China
Flag of Kazakhstan Kazakhstan
Flag of Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Russia Russia
Flag of SharqistanSharqistan
Flag of Tajikistan Tajikistan
Flag of Uzbekistan Uzbekistan
Other allies
Flag of Mexico (Fascist) Mexico
Flag of Pakistan Pakistan
German Empire Germany
Flag of the Democratic Republic of Turkey Turkey
Flag of Argentina Argentina
Flag of Syria Syria
Flag of Sudan Sudan
Flag of Mauritania Mauritania
Flag of Tunisia Tunisia
Flag of Lebanon Lebanon
Flag of Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
Flag of Myanmar Myanmar
Proposed flag of Iraq (first proposal, 2008) Iraq
IOSSEmblem
IOSS

20px Britannia
FlagofPenda Westland
FlagoDanguk2 Danguk
Flag of Emilia Emilia
Flag of Cuba Cuba
Flag of Chile Chile
Flag of VietnamNorth Vietnam
Flag of Laos Laos
Flag of Mongolian PR Mongolia
Flag of Angola Angola
Flag of Benin Benin
Flag of Nepal Nepal
Flag of Peru Peru
Flag of Venezuela Venezuela
Flag of Bulgaria Bulgaria
Flag of Bolivia Bolivia
Flag of Paraguay Paraguay
Flag of Ecuador Ecuador
Flag of Nicaragua Nicaragua
22x20px Falkland Islands

Strikeout indicates former participant.

¹Also a member of NATO
aWithdrew on December 21, 2014.
The Second Cold War (also referred to as Cold War II) is the alleged renewal and ongoing state of international political and military tension seen previously in the first Cold War in the early 21st century between the three main factions: the American-led capitalist West, the Sino-Russo alliance, and the International Order of Socialist States.

Historians have disputed as when the Second Cold War started but agree that the increasing strength and growth of China and Russia seen in the early 21st century upstarted the tensions. Most agree that the tensions grew paramount following the start of the Great Recession in 2008 but others purport a date as early as 2001. Both nations through strong political rhetoric openly challenged the United States as the world's sole superpower and formed the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation as a means to counteract the United States' NATO/TPAC alliances. The Asia-Pacific, Middle East, and Africa regions have been viewed as the primary sources of contentions–areas seen as open ground for influence and power relationships. Like the Cold War, the Second Cold War is dubbed "cold" because while there has been military and political buildup between the opposing factions, no actual large-scale fighting has occurred.

Background

Main article: Cold War

In the 20th century, following the defeat of the Axis in World War II in 1945, the former wartime allies the United States and the Soviet Union split ways as rival superpowers who pursued conflicting interests and ambitions. For the next 50 years, relations between the two fluctuated variably, a nuclear arms and technology race enveloped, several proxy wars erupted (including the Korean War and Vietnam War), and politically-motivated incidents such as revolutions occurred throughout the world. The Cold War eventually subsided following the ascension of the Soviet general secretary, Mikhail Gorbachev who engaged in diplomatic rapprochement with the United States and adopted far-reaching economic and political reforms within his country. The Cold War subsequently ended with the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, leaving the United States the sole superpower in the world.

For the remainder of the 20th century, the United States stood virtually unopposed by any challenger states and dominated international politics with its foreign and military policies. In the wake of the new century, following the September 11 attacks, the United States under George W. Bush pursued a more precise course in its foreign policy (especially in the Middle East) while Russia under Vladimir Putin pursued an equally new aggressive approach in foreign policy which openly challenged America. At this time, China was experiencing exponential economic growth and began adopting affirmative policies that protected its increasing needs and interests. The emergence of political rivalries and tensions prompted analysts and historians to declare the revival of a Cold War-like global conflict. Historians typically attribute the buildup of American and Russian missile defenses in Eastern Europe and the Russia–Georgia War as the premature start of this second Cold War. The Great Recession in 2008 only intensified tensions as it crippled the United States and other Western powers. With what was perceived as the beginning of America's decline as a superpower, Russia and China, with their rapidly growing economies, pursued on as possible contending successors.

Timeline

Somali Civil War

See also Somali Civil War

Great Recession

See also: Great Recession

Arab Spring

''

2012 London Olympics

Senkaku Islands dispute

Senkaku Islands dispute

Baja California crisis

''

Oceanic Civil War

''

2014 League of Nations general elections controversy

Assassination of Frank Solomon

''

Mexican invasion of Central America

''

2015 Invasion of Mexico

See also

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