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Republic of Sharqistan
Şarqistan Respublikasi (sq)
Flag of Sharqistan
Emblem of Sharqistan
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Kelaşekke
To the Future
Anthem: Ej Şarqistan, Biz Sin Maqtamoq
O Sharqistan, We Praise You
Map of Pavlodaristan
Capital
and largest city
Pavlodar
Official languages Sharqi
Ethnic groups (2013) Sharqis (89%), Kazakhs (8%), Others (3%)
Demonym Sharqi
Government Unitary presidential republic
Fylyp Burugdanyev (SMF)
Ravshana Karashina (FN)
• Chancellor of the People's Assembly
Serik Ġombagorvajev (SMF)
Establishment
• Independence
30 December 1991
• New Era
29 March 2013
Area
• Total
408,100 km2 (157,600 sq mi)
Population
• 2013 estimate
2,143,448
• Density
525/km2 (1,359.7/sq mi)
GDP (nominal) 2013 estimate
• Total
$49.1 billion (83rd)
• Per capita
$22,920 (31st)
HDI (2012) 0.750
high
Currency Sharqi manet (Sharqi manet symbol) (SQM)
Time zone Sharqistan Standard Time (UTC+6)
Date format DD/MM/YYYY
Drives on the right
Calling code +997
Internet TLD .sq

The Republic of Sharqistan (/ˈʃɑːrkiˌstɑn, -stæn/; Sharqi: Şarqistan Respublikasi) is a nation located in north-eastern Turkestan.

Etimology

The name Sharqistan comes from the union of two terms: şarq ("east"), to denote the nation's location and the possible origins of the early Sharqi people, and the Persian suffix -stan, meaning "place of", "country".

History

Flag of the Sharqi SSR
GDP of Sharqistan (1991-2019)

GDP (nominal) of Sharqistan. Data from 2016 and 2019 are estimated.

The Sharqi Khanate split from the Golden Horde and was founded in 1493 by Ajbek Khan. It lasted until 1847, when it was annexed to the Russian Empire.

The Sharqi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was created in 1918 as part of the Turkestan ASSR; in 1925, it was separated and the Sharqi Soviet Socialist Republic (SSR) was established.

On 29 November 1991, following the breakdown of the Soviet Union, the Sharqi SSR declared independence from the Soviet Union. As soon as the nation was granted independence from the USSR on 30 December 1991, the first leader, Aleksandr Samanaev, estabilished a socialist regime, which would last until 1999 (his death). He was succeeded by Karghan Miljetov as ad interim President. In 2001, Alikhan Shaporajev was elected and promised to continue Samanaev's wills.

In 2004, after Shaporajev was ousted from office, Eruslan Najkirov was elected President. He founded the Borsa Pavlodar (BPA) by merging the Pavlodari Trade System and Sharqi Intercity Currency Exchange; he also legalized private property (it was already legal de iure, but it was never applied de facto) and replaced the Sharqi som with the Sharqi manet (1 manet=10,000 somlar). Five years later, Nurzhan Temirov was elected; he applied policies which were vaguely similar to Samanaev's, but with heavy focus on nationalism and militarism.

In 2013, the ban on the SMF and other parties was revoked and a new President was elected. As soon as the president was elected, Temirov's party, Menen Ult, was dissolved and its recreation was banned; all members went either to the ŞHP or to Ujoşma.

The fall of the Temirovist regime has, however, started a series of national conflicts, mostly composed by political-oriented clashes.

Geography

Sharqistan is located in Eastern Turkestan. It borders Russia, China and Kazakhstan.

The country is served by the Irtysh River, while the most important lake is the Lake Zaysan.

The Altai Mountains range is located in the eastern part of the country, just before the Sharqistan-China border.

Sharqistan's capital city and largest city is Pavlodar, with 333,412 inhabitants.

Government

Sharqistan was founded as a Socialist Marxist-Leninist single-party state, with the President being the highest public charge (and the one with the widest powers) inside the political system. Although considered an isolationist state by the foreign media, Sharqistan started opening relations with other nations in 2007, with China and Russia being the first. Since 2013, the People's Party is no longer the ruling party in the People's Assembly.

Administrative divisions

The territory is divided into twenty-five districts (tumanlar). Independent cities (Pavlodar and Oskemen) are not subject to control by any district.

With the New Country Act of 2015, the regions (vilajatlar) have been abolished.

Transportation

Pavlodar International Airport is the busiest airport of Sharqistan and offers regular links with Almaty International Airport, Kazakhstan's main airport, while other airports include Oskemen Airport, Ekibastuz Airport, Semey Airport and Zaysan.

A railway connecting the major cities was built in 1955 and is currently undergoing a refurbishment. The nation is also served by Sharqi Freeways (Şarqi Avtostradalar).

Demographics

Sharqistan is largely populated by the Sharqi people (89%), followed by a significant minorty of Kazakhs (8%) and other groups form the remaining 3%, including Russians (1.4%) and Uyghurs (0.7%). The country's net migration rate is 0.03.

According to Sharqi National Law 9, an expatriate can be granted citizenship after residing for 15 years, providing that the requester has never been involved in any crime and can speak fluent Sharqi language.

Rank City Population Notes
1 Pavlodar 353,930 Capital City and Independent City.
2 Oskemen 321,251 Independent City.
3 Semey 299,264 Seat of the District of Semey.
4 Ekibastuz 146,991 Seat of the District of Ekibastuz.
5 Aksu 69,354
6 Ridder 50,500
7 Zyryan 39,320 Seat of the District of Zyryan.
8 Ayagoz 37,537 Seat of the District of Ayagoz.
9 Shemonaikha 19,127 Seat of the District of Shemonaikha.
10 Urzhar 17,320
11 Serebryansk 10,129 Seat of the District of Serebryansk
12 Ertis 7,772

Holidays

Date English name Sharqi name Notes
1 January New Year Jane Jil
7 January Eastern Orthodox Christmas Şarqlik Hristonen Toglis Celebrated since 2014; observed only by Orthodox Sharqis.
8 March Woman's Day Ajolnen Kun
21 March Nowruz Navruz Celebrated since 2013.
30 March Constitution Day Konstitutsjanen Kun Celebrated since 2013. From 1992 to 2013, it was on 1 January.
1 May Workers' Day Jişinen Kun
Second Sunday of May Mother's Day Onanen Kun Not a public holiday.
9 May Victory Day Žafarnen Kun
Third Sunday of June Father's Day Ötanen Kun Not a public holiday.
1 July Flag's Day Žalaunen Kun
1 October Teacher's Day Mohalimnen Kun Selective holiday. Some Sharqi schools might choose to close on this day.
Second Sunday of October Grandparents Day Ažesinlarnen Kun Not a public holiday.
25 December Christmas Garblik Hristonen Toglis Celebrated since 2013.
30 December Independence Day Mostaqiliknen Kun

Various Images


Geographic Location

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