FANDOM


The Social Democratic Party (Esperanto: Socialdemokratia Partio, SDP) is a political party in Bijan, and one of the country's major parties. The Social Democratic Party currently holds 92 of the 245 seats in the Bijani House of Representatives, and is the senior partner in a coalition government consisting of Together for Bijan and the Bijani Greens. Jakovo Ostaras, the leader of the Social Democratic Party, has been Chief Minister of Bijan since 2009.

The Social Democratic party is committed to social-democratic ideals.  Its slogan since 1990 has been "everyone shall take part" (Esperanto: Ĉiu Partoprenu), and the party traditionally seeks a strong welfare state, funded through taxes and duties.  Since the 1980s, the party has included more of the principles of a social market economy in its policy, allowing for privatization of government-held assets and services and reducing income tax progressivity, following the wave of economic liberalization in the 1980s.  During Jakovo Ostaras' first term as Chief Minister, the party's policies were partly inspired by Tony Blair's New Labour, and saw the most widespread privatization by any Bijani government to date.  The SDP has frequently been described as increasingly neoliberal since the 1980s, both by political scientists and opponents on the left.  The SDP profiles itself as a progressive aprty that subscribes to cooperation on a national as well as an international level.  It's youth wing is the Social Democratic Youth (Socialdemokratia Junularo).

History

Founded in 1944, and a participant in every general election to date, the Social Democratic Party was the longtime runner-up to the Liberal Democratic Party, and formed the backbone of the Bijani political opposition.

In 1973, the Social Democratic Party became the largest party in the Bijani House of Representatives for the first time, with 62 of the 173 seats, and formed a minority coalition government with the New Bijan Party and the Alliance of Dutch Voters, with commitments on confidence and supply from smaller parties.  Lansen Naprem became the first Social Democratic Chief Minister of Bijan, serving from 1973 to 1977.

The Liberal Democratic Party returned to power in 1977, ending four years of Social Democratic-led government, but not before a Social Democratic, Arĝin Mekavisol, was elected President of Bijan.  The Social Democratic Party spent the next 32 years in opposition.

In the 2009 general election, both the Social Democratic Party and the Liberal National Party (which succeeded the Liberal Democratic Party in 1993) won 87 seats in the House, but poor results of the LNP's traditional coalition partner One Nation compared with the SDP's partners, Together for Bijan and the Bijani Greens, allowed them to form a majority government under Jakovo Ostaras.  The tri-party coalition was returned to office in the 2013 general election with an increased majority.

Electoral history

Election Votes  % ± Place Seats ± Status
1949 459,817 13.6 n/a 2nd
26 / 150
n/a in opposition
1953 460,718 12.7 0.9 Red Arrow Down 2nd
24 / 150
2 Red Arrow Down in opposition
1957 479,537 12.6 0.1 Red Arrow Down 2nd
18 / 150
6 Red Arrow Down in opposition
1961 585,039 14.5 1.9 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
23 / 150
5 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
1965 645,089 15.2 0.7 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
28 / 173
5 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
1969 850,569 19.5 4.3 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
35 / 173
7 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
1973 1,631,214 35.3 15.8 Green Arrow Up Darker 1st
62 / 173
27 Green Arrow Up Darker in government
1977 1,077,258 22.5 12.8 Red Arrow Down 2nd
39 / 173
23 Red Arrow Down in opposition
1981 975,811 18.8 3.7 Red Arrow Down 2nd
37 / 173
2 Red Arrow Down in opposition
1985 839,705 15.5 3.3 Red Arrow Down 2nd
28 / 173
9 Red Arrow Down in opposition
1989 1,024,134 17.9 2.4 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
33 / 173
5 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
1993 1,190,547 20.1 2.2 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
37 / 173
4 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
1997 1,738,322 28.2 8.1 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
71 / 245
34 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
2001 1,691,123 26.5 1.7 Red Arrow Down 2nd
67 / 245
4 Red Arrow Down in opposition
2005 1,991,315 30.3 3.8 Green Arrow Up Darker 2nd
77 / 245
10 Green Arrow Up Darker in opposition
2009 2,258,452 33.1 2.8 Green Arrow Up Darker 1st
87 / 245
10 Green Arrow Up Darker in government
2013 2,692,921 35.9 2.8 Green Arrow Up Darker 1st
92 / 245
5 Green Arrow Up Darker in government

Symbols

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.