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Socialist Republic of Italy
Repubblica Socialista Italiana
Flag of the SRI
Emblem of the SRI
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Patria, prosperità ed onore
Motherland, prosperity and honor
Anthem: Inno alla Patria
Hymn to the Motherland
SRI in the Italian Peninsula
SRI inside the Italian Peninsula
Capital Flag of Bologna Bologna
Official languages Italian
Recognised regional languages Local dialects
Ethnic groups (2014) 89% White
11% Others
Government Dominant-party presidential republic
Carlo Palazzetti (G)
Giovanni Zagarolo (S)
• Independence
19 October 1925
• Total
56,331.79 (Rovigo[convert: unknown unit]
• 2014 estimate
10,456,375 (Rovigo not included)
• Density
18,562/km2 (48,075.4/sq mi)
GDP (PPP) 2014 estimate
• Total
$217 Billion
• Per capita
HDI (2012) 0.910
very high
Currency Northern Italian scudo (NIS)
Time zone Emilian Standard Time (UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
Date format DD/MM/YY
Drives on the right
Calling code +391
Internet TLD .sj

The Socialist Republic of Italy, commonly called Northern Italy or SRI (Italian - Repubblica Socialista Italiana, RSI) is a sovereign state in Southern Europe, located to the north of the Italian Peninsula.

Northern Italy shares a land border with Italy and borders San Marino to the south-east. The nation has a total land area of 22,452.78 km2 and a population of 4,448,488, with 11% of it originating from other countries.

The capital city, and largest city, is Bologna, while the official language is Italian.

Since 1995, the SRI is a dominant-party state, with the Socialist Party of Italy being the most elected party of the government.


In 1921, following the Biennio Rosso, a group of dissatisfied workers and the Northern branch of the Socialist Party (led by Adalberto Bricconi) protested in Bologna.

As soon as the revolution started, the Army and the Fascists were warned about the uprising and tried to stop the protesters, but failed.

Other uprisings happened in Modena, Genoa and Rimini, with only the last one being successfuly hushed.

In 1924, the former non-socialist mayors and presidents of the affected provinces were declared dismissed. After that, a general election followed, where the population of the SRI could decide whether Emilia should be independent or not, and secondly, electing the new mayor or president of the province.

In 1925, the Revolution was over, with the Italian control being ousted from the region. Then, Northern Italy unilaterally declared independence from Italy and the Socialist Party wrote a new constitution, defining the newborn state as the "Socialist Republic of Italy".

On September 8, 1943, the nation was occupied by the Republic of Salò (puppet state of Nazi Germany) and, by the end of the year, Bricconi was arrested by the Italian Army; he was later freed in 1945.

However, in 1945, the Allied forces freed the country, a peace treaty was signed and a new president was elected. As soon as he was elected to the office, he ordered the arrest (and sometimes execution) of all the most important Fascist supporters within the territories of the Republic.


Northern Italy is divided into five republics (repubbliche), which are in turn divided into territories (territori), divided into districts (mandamenti); the districts are divided into municipalities (comuni).

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