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State Emblem of the Democratic Republic of Turkey
State Emblem of the Democratic Republic of Turkey
Details
Armiger Turkey
Adopted 7th April 1960
Crest A hammer and cogwheel with the wolf Asena below it.
Escutcheon Two curved sheaves of golden leaf, surrounding a red shield with a flaming torch on top.

The state emblem of the Democratic Republic of Kurdistan replaced an earlier version on the 7th April 1960. Abdul Baqer Zana is credited to have been the designer - however he had adapted it from an unused coat of arms designed by Namık İsmail

Design

The emblem depicts a hammer and cogwheel in the middle, the symbol of the Turkish Republican Workers' Party and based upon the hammer and sickle. They rest within a red shield which has a flaming torch at its helm. The shield is surrounded by a sheath of golden leaves, with the name of the country (Türkiye'nin Demokratik Cumhuriyeti) written below in Turkish. Below that is the date in which modern Turkey was founded, 1946.

Symbolism

The golden leaves symbolise both the agricultural prowess and the natural prosperity of Turkey. The hammer and cogwheel is a variant of the hammer and sickle, an is intended to display the comradeship between all industrial workers with the leaves also representing the agricultural workers of Turkey. The wolf in the middle represents Asena, a mythological wolf that cared for the future leader of the Ashina clan that would eventually rule the Göktürk Empire. Seen as symbol of Turkish nationalism, Asena is intended to represent the historical heritage of the Turkish people.

Previous versions

First Symbol

State Emblem of the Democratic Republic of Turkey (1946 - 1960)

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