A federal election was held in the United Republic of Cascadia on February 14 and 15, 2015. The entire Cascadian Federal Parliament was elected: all 72 seats in the House of Representatives and all 72 seats in the Senate. The members elected comprise the 1st Cascadian Federal Parliament, which will serve from March 2015 to March 2019.
Eighteen parties took part in the election, of which 14 were affiliated with one of Cascadia's three major political groups: Communitarians, Libertarians, and Greens. While all three groups ended with roughly equal levels of support in both houses, the Libertarians emerged as the largest group in the House, while the Greens won a plurality in the Senate.
The federal constitution outlines the basic requirements for federal elections. It requires that federal elections take place every four years, and be conducted on the basis of proportional representation. Each state serves as an electoral precinct, meaning that that representatives and senators are elected by and represent the entire state's electorate, and not smaller constituencies.
The Senate consists of 72 members, divided equally between the two constituent states. Each state elected its 36 senators under party-list proportional representation, using the Sainte-Laguë method of allocating seats to the parties.
At the convocation of the Senate on March 2, 2015, Sen. Jolene Waterford a member of the Greens of Oregon, was elected Speaker of the Senate. Sen. Jason Hall, a Washingtonian member of the United Cascadia Party, was elected First Deputy Speaker, and Sen. Andrew Chang, an Oregonian member of the Cascadian Democratic Party, was elected Second Deputy Speaker.
House of Representatives
The House of Representatives consists of 72 members, divided between the two constituent states proportionally to each state's population, provided neither state is allocated fewer than one-quarter of the seats. In the 2015 election, Washington elected 44 representatives and Oregon elected 28. Each state elected its representatives under party-list proportional representation, using the Sainte-Laguë method of allocating seats to the parties.
At the convocation of the House of Representatives on March 2, 2015, Rep. Aaron Svoboda, a Washingtonian member of the United Cascadia Party, was elected Speaker of the House of Representatives. Rep. Emily Thule, an Oregonian member of the Cascadian Democratic Party, was elected First Deputy Speaker, and Rep. Holly Vance, a member of the Washingtonian Greens, was elected Second Deputy Speaker.
The Constitution of the United Republic of Cascadia requires a high level of negotiation and consensus amongst various groups in order for the federal legislature, and ultimately the executive, to function. Once the relative numbers of the parties and groups in both chambers were known, negotiations began between the leaders of the parties. An agreement was reached between five parties, which together held the required majorities in both chambers to appoint a government and ensure the passage of legislation. The government parties, including their respective seat numbers in the first Parliament, are listed below.
|Cascadian Democratic Party||Communitarian||7||5||12||10||4||14||2||1||3|
|United Cascadia Party||Libertarian||4||5||9||5||4||9||1||1||2|
|Independence Party of Cascadia||Libertarian||4||3||7||5||3||8||1||0||1|
|Greens of Oregon||Green||0||11||11||0||9||9||1||1||2|