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Ramon Hildago de Veracruz

Picture of Ramon Hildago de Veracruz, the person by whom which Veracruzism owes its namesake.

Veracruzism (Spanish: Veracruzismo) is the official political ideology of the Mexican Social Republic. A variant of fascism, Veracruzism, in its original form, is anticlerical, anti-communist, anti-democratic, and anti-liberal. Emphasizing strongly on racialist Mexican nationalism, Veracruzism promotes economic autarky, military self-reliance, pro-expansionist imperialism, organic unity, and anti-Americanism.

Named after Ramon Hildago de Veracruz, the first Generalísimo of Mexico, modern-day interpretation of Veracruzism by the Mexican state is the result of the gradual evolution of the ideology over time in response to various problems and policies the state endured. Veracruzism follows a heavily modified state capitalist-based economy where the means of production are generally held in private hands but the allocation of credit and investment is determined by the state. Historically an anti-intellectual movement, Veracruzism has been shaped to embrace a meritocratic technocracy form of government within the framework of the centralized Mexican state. Although formerly anticlerical, the Mexican people, who remain predominantly Catholic, are in communion with the state-formed Mexican Catholic Church, not the Roman Catholic Church whose ties were severed following the Revolution of 1925.

Although claiming to be a syncretic third position ideology, political scientists and scholars have deemed Veracruzism to be an example of a politically far-right wing ideology.

Concepts and tenets

Veracruzism is rooted in the concepts of nationalism and self-sufficiency. Heavily influenced by Italian-styled fascism, Veracruzism is promoted as a suitable ideology consistent with the values and needs of the Mexican people. Developed from the Mexican Revolution of 1925, Veracruzism was a response to the constant political instability that stifled and marred the development of the Mexican state. Recognizing the interference of foreign powers, particularly that of the United States and Gaul (France), Veracruzism seeks to form a society that is self-reliant and free from the tampering of external forces.

Among the core tenets of Veracruzism include:

Veracruzism in practice

Criticism

See also

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