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[[Image:|125px|Flag of Lindjerblau]]
Lindjerblau
Cultural Information
Official in

Eidriel (de facto)

Race of reference

Giants

Number of native speakers

< 1,000

Number of secondary speakers

30,000

Familial Information
Language family

Almsaundean language family

Ancient Almsaundean

Old Almsaundean

Old Dumduhor

Middle Dumduhor

Dumduhor branch

Middle Lindjerblau

Almsaundean Lindjerblau branch

Lindjerblau

Children

Kahremish
Mirvermish
Lingua Franca

Grammatical Information
Alphabet

26 letters, 6 accents

Sounds

50 sounds

Type

Synthetic-fusional

Alignment

Tripartite

Head direction

Mixed

Nouns decline to:
Case

Yes; 8

Number

Yes; 2

Definiteness

No

Gender

Yes; 5

Verbs conjugate to:
Voice

Yes; 2

Mood

Yes; 7

Person

Yes; 5

Number

Yes; 2

Tense

Yes; 5

Aspect

No

Example Information
Example text

Jahrk, fir cimalonkalij Djeh jeis ec! Fir Hij wasch wasst Mein Kon, rjuvit wasch wasst sehmem borcte em Parontem. Adzcho kelle Kalle.

Meaning

Hark, for this day is melancholy! For He were My kin, born of same parent. I called Him Kalle.
(Thaumopaedia: Chapter 1, Verse 49)

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General

Main: [[1]]

The Lindjerblau language is a language of the Dumduhor branch of the Almsaundean language family. It existed as the language of the Giants, official in the country of Eidriel. The language was the most influential language of its time and its affects on modern cultures and languages of Vereva are still visible through its three child languages Kahremish, Mirvermish and Lingua Franca. The language quickly fell into disuse and became extinct as a mother tongue upon the extinction of the Giants.

History

Lindjerblau is estimated to have begun evolving from Middle Dumduhor around year 200 EAB. The language was spoken. Literally meaning "lingua franca," the language, originating in Baraquish, became the official language of trade between the northern countries of the Almsaundean Continent as their dialects of Middle Dumduhor became less intelligible. Lindjerblau quickly earned status throughout the lands and in year 352 EAB, it was accepted in the ancient countries of Hyldia and Itanstale as the official tongue of the people. Trade continued greatly and with ease as the three nations shared a common tongue though trade and relations with the Thaumaturges to the south and transoceanically with members of the Great Continent still suffered through lack of official trade language and difficulty of the people in learning each others' tongues. Many goodwill missions to regularize trade were made throughout the entirety of Vereva in the 400s.and in the year 503 EAB, the Giants were finally able to convince two other races, the Minotaurs and the Dwarves, to accept their Lindjerblau as the international auxiliary language of Vereva due to its simpler grammar and thinner phonemic inventory than other languages in existence at the time. The language spread as "Almsaundean Lindjerblau" on its continent of origin and as "Great Lindjerblau" as it crossed over the Centeal Ocean. The two variations differed greatly over time, becoming the highly conservative branch of Almsaundean Lindjerblau, keep much grammar from the oldest forms of the language, and the liberal Great Lindjerblau which changed and became simpler and simpler over time. The simplification of Great Lindjerblau led to the recognition of three child languages, Kahremish, Mirvermish and Lingua Franca. Lindjerblau kept alive much of its grammar until its death officially recognized in the year 19,005 EAB. Today, the language is kept alive only as a language of study by archaeologists and paleontologists who study the ruins of Ancient Eidriel. These archaeologists study the language in order to make sense of artifacts that date back pre-Eidriel.

Grammar

Lindjerblau is a language that uses an alphabet of 26 letters.

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Jj Kk Ll Łł Mm Nm Oo Pp Rr Ss Śß Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Zz

The letters represent one sound each, but can combine to make 42 multigraphs. It also has 6 accents all of which are used to change the sound of the letters they appear on. The diaresis ( ¨ ) is used over the vowels a, e, i, o, and u to change their sounds. Vowels receiving a diaresis in Lindjerblau are called "fluid vowels." These vowels always receive the sound /ɹ/ (like English r) after their enunciation though this sound remains unwritten. Fluid vowels are comparative to "liquid vowels," which are marked with accents specific to each vowel: the ogonek ( ˛ ) under a and e, the tittle-less (undotted) i, the bar ( / ) through the o and the ring ( ˚ ) over the u. The liquid vowels always receive the sound /j/ (like English y) before their enunciation though this sound remains unwritten. On consonants, the l also receives a bar ( / ) and the s receives an acute accent ( ´ ) on the capital (Ś) but the lowercase is written ß

Ää Ëë Ïï Öö Üü Ąą Ęę İı Øø Ůů Łł Śß

Its nouns, pronouns, adjectives and articles decline for 2 numbers (singular and plural) and 8 cases (ergative, accusative, dative, prepositional, postpositional, genitive, nominative and vocative) making 16 possible forms (2x8) to each. Its verbs conjugate to 2 numbers (singular and plural), 5 persons (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person masculine, 3rd person feminine, 3rd person neuter), 5 tenses (present, past, pluperfect, future, future perfect) and 7 moods (indicative, imperative, subjunctive, jussive, conditional, inferential and hypothetical) making 350 possible forms (2x5x5x7). The verb's aspect is shown through particles.

Sounds

Letter English
representation
IPA
A O as in not /a/
Au Ow as in cow /aʊ/
Ä Eir as in their /ɛɹ/
Äu Awyer as in lawyer /oiɹ/
Ą No English equivalent /jɑn/
B B as in bat /b/
C Th as in then /ð/
D D as in dog /d/
Dszch J as in juice /dʒ/
E U as in but /ə/
Ei I as in hi /aɪ/
Ë Eir as in their /eɹ/
Ëi Ire as in fire /aɪɹ/
Ę No English equivalent /jɛn/
F F as in frog /f/
G G as in goat /g/
Gh No English equivalent /ç/
H H as in horse /h/
Hj Old received pronunciation
of wh as in cool whip
/ʍ/
I I as in it /ɪ/
Ï Ir as in bird /ɪɹ/
Ie E as in me /i/
Ïe Eur as in Europe /jəɹ/
İ Yi as in yin /jɪ/
J Y as in yak /j/
K C as in cat /k/
Kh No English equivalent /x/
L L as in lice /l/
Lj Lli as in stallion //
Ł W as in wallaby /w/
M M as in mouse /m/
N N as in newt /n/
Nj Ny as in canyon /ɲ/
Nk Ng as in sing /ŋ/
O O as in octopus /o/
Ö Er as in perch /əɹ/
Oi Oy as in boy /oi/
Öi Weir as in weird /ɥiɹ/
Ø Yu as in yum /jə/
P P as in puppy /p/
Pf No English equivalent /pf/
R R as in rat /ʁ/
S S as in skunk /s/
Sch Sh as in shark /ʃ/
Szch Si as in vision /ʒ/
Ś Pts as in adapts /pts/
T T as in turtle /t/
Tsch Ch as in chimp /tʃ/
U Oo as in foot /ʊ/
Ü Ear as fear,
but more rounded
/yɹ/
Ue E as in pet,
but more rounded
/ø/
Üe Er as in perch /əɹ/
Ů Ye as in yes,
but more rounded
/jø/
V Th as in then /θ/
W V as in very /v/
X S as in skunk /s/
Z Z as in zoo /z/

Consonants

  • Graphs
B C D F G H J
/b/ /ð/ /d/ /f/ /g/ /h/ /j/
K L Ł M N P R
/k/ /l/ /w/ /m/ /n/ /p/ /ʁ/
S Ś T V W X Z
/s/ /pts/ /t/ /θ/ /v/ /s/ /z/










1) With the exception of v and ß, a consonant in secession is geminated (pronounced separately); d = /d/; dd = /dː/
2) Ł is found only in words borrowed from Ji Vei and X is found only in proper names and place names
3) J and h lengthen vowels preceding them; a = /a/; aj = /aː/; ah = /aː/
4) J and h are silent as endings of -jne and -hne verbs
5) The consonant Ś, called the geminant consonant, replaces geminant groups of consonants three or greater
  • Multi-graphs
Dszch Gh Hj Kh Lj Nj Nk Pf Sch Szch Tsch Vv
/d͡ʒ/ /ç/ /ʍ/ /x/ /ʎ/ /ɲ/ /ŋ/ /pf/ /ʃ/ /ʒ/ /t͡ʃ/ /v/





1) Multi-graph consonants cannot end a word

Vowels

  • Graphs
Natural "Fluid"
A E I O U Ä Ë Ï Ö Ü
/a/ /ə/ /ɪ/ /o/ /ʊ/ /ɛɹ/ /eɹ/ /ɪɹ/ /əɹ/ /yɹ/






1) J and h lengthen vowels preceding them; a = /a/; aj = /aː/; ah = /aː/
2) Fluid vowels are uses only for grammatical purposes as proper nous, rarely in undeclined words
  • Diphthongs
Natural "Fluid"
Au Ei Ie Oi Ue Äu Ëi Ïe Öi Üe
/aʊ/ /aɪ/ /i/ /oi/ /ø/ /oiɹ/ /aɪɹ/ /jəɹ/ /ɥiɹ/ /əɹ/






1)J and h lengthen vowels preceding them; üe = /əɹ/; üej = /əːɹ/; üeh = /əːɹ/
2) Fluid vowels are uses only for grammatical purposes as proper nous, rarely in undeclined words
  • Liquid vowels
Ą Ę İ Ø Ů
/jɒn/ /jɛn/ /jɪ/ /jə/ /jø/
* A superscript n after a vowel represents a nasal vowel






1) J and h lengthen vowels preceding them; ø = /jə/; øj = /jəː/; øh = /jəː/
2) Liquid vowels are uses only for grammatical purposes as proper nous, rarely in undeclined words

Nouns

Nouns in Lindjerblau decline for 2 numbers (singular and plural)and 8 cases (ergative, accusative, dative, prepositional, prepositional, genitive, nominative and vocative) making 16 possible forms (2x8) to each. Unlike its children Mirvermish and Kahremish, all nouns in Lindjerblau are always capitalized. 

General noun declension of Lindjerblau
Singular Plural
Ergative (no ending) -i or -e
Accusative -o or -a -on or -an
Dative -ïn or -ën -ïns or -ëns
Prepositional -um or -em -us or -es
Postpositional -el -el1
Genitive -s -ers
Nominative no ending, -j or -e -er
Vocative no ending, -j or -e -er
 1: The stressed vowel in this declination becomes a fluid vowel
Man gender: a gender of nouns ending in a single consonant in the ergative singular
Nouns change for sandhi before adding endings
Man (man)
  Singular Plural
Ergative pfuh Man pfi Manni
Accusative pfo Manno pfon Mannon
Dative pfïn Mannïn pfïns Mannïns
Prepositional Mannum Mannus
Postpositional pfel Mannel pfël Männel
Genitive pfes Mans pfers Manners
Nominative pfuh Man pfer Manner
Vocative pfuh Man pfer Manner
Woman gender: a gender of nouns ending in a single consonant in the ergative singular
Nouns change for sandhi before adding endings
Wom (woman)
  Singular Plural
Ergative pfij Wom pfe Wompte
Accusative pfa Woma pfan Woman
Dative pfën Womptën pfens Womptens
Prepositional Womptem Womptes
Postpositional pfel Womptel pfël Wömptel1
Genitive pfes Woms pfers Wompters
Nominative pfij Wom pfer Wompter
Vocative pfij Wom pfer Wompter
Boy gender: a gender of nouns ending in vowels or diphthongs 
Nouns change for sandhi before adding endings, the accusative adds n before endings, subtract the ï or u of endings beginning with those letters
Boi (boy)
  Singular Plural
Ergative pfuh Boi pfi Boii
Accusative pfo Boino pfon Boinon
Dative pfïn Boin pfïns Boins
Prepositional Boim Boijes
Postpositional pfel Boijel pfël Böijel
Genitive pfes Bois pfers Boijers
Nominative pfuj Boij pfer Boijer
Vocative pfuj Boij pfer Boijer
Girl gender: a gender of nouns ending in a consonant cluster + e
 The stressed vowel in the ergative plural becomes a liquid vowel, the stressed vowel in the nominative and vocative singular become fluid vowels
Gerle (girl)
  Singular Plural
Ergative pfij Gerle pfe Gęrle
Accusative pfa Gerla pfan Gerlan
Dative pfën Gerlën pfens Gerlens
Prepositional Gerlem Gerles
Postpositional pfel Gerlel pfël Gërlel
Genitive pfes Gerls pfers Gerlers
Nominative pfij Gërle pfer Gerler
Vocative pfij Gërle pfer Gerler
Neuter gender: a gender of nouns ending in a consonant cluster + e; receive, its articles derive from the boy gender and its adjectives agree in the man gender
The stressed vowel in the ergative plural becomes a liquid vowel, the stressed vowel in the nominative and vocative singular become fluid vowels
Menje (young man)
  Singular Plural
Ergative pfuh Menje pfi Męnje
Accusative pfo Menja pfon Menjan
Dative pfïn Menjën pfïns Menjens
Prepositional Menjem Menjes
Postpositional pfel Menjel pfël Mënjel
Genitive pfes Menjs pfers Menjers
Nominative pfuh Mënje pfer Menjer
Vocative pfuh Mënje pfer Menjer

Cases

There are eight grammatical cases in the Lindjerblau language. They are the ergative, accusative, dative, prepositional, postpositional, genitive, nominative and ergative cases. 

Used as the subject of a transitive verb (verb that may take an object)
"Pfij Gerle j knefnisse mo."
"The girl knows me.
Used as the direct object of an affirmative verb
"Ą knefnije ca Gerla."
"I know that girl."


Used as the indirect object of an affirmative verb
"Hij j govvt pfo Buekko pfën Gerlën."
"He is giving the book to the girl."
Required case for the 8 prepositions; tuh (to), on (on), it (at), frem (from), ev (of), ebaut (about), fir (for), rjopf (with) when used inanimately (not concerning movement)
"Pfuh Buek w ist frem Gerlem."
"The book is from the girl."
Used as the indirect object of a negated verb
"Hij n govvt pfes Bueks pfem Gerlem."
"He is not giving the book to the girl."
Required case for all postpositions
"Hij j ridt pfo Buekko pfel Gerlel rjopfaut."
"He is reading the book without the girl."
Required where the 8 prepositions act as postpositions to show animacy (movement) of an agent against its object
"Pfuh Boi w rinnt pfel Gerlel on."
"The boy ran into the girl."
Used to mark the possessive form of a noun, where it comes after the noun it modifies
"Ę ec pfuh Buek (pfes) Gerls."
"It is the girl's book."
Used as the direct object of a negated verb
"Ą z knefnije ces Gerls."
"I do not know that girl."
"Hij n govvt pfes Bueks pfem Gerlem."
"He is not giving the book to the girl."
Used as the subject of an intransitive verb (verb that may not take an object)
"Pfij Gerle j sliepsse."
"The girl is sleeping."
Used as an exclamatory
"Pfij Gerle!"
"The girl!"
Used at the beginning or end of a sentence or phrase to stress an important word
"Gerle, ą z knefnije ces Gerls."
"I do not know that girl (not that one, though I know the other one)."

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