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[[Image:|125px|Flag of Mirvermish]]
Mirvermish
Cultural Information
Official in

Vy Mirvë

Race of reference

Dwarves

Number of native speakers

95 million

Number of secondary speakers

5 million

Familial Information
Language family

Almsaundean language family

Ancient Almsaundean

Old Almsaundean

Old Dumduhor

Middle Dumduhor

Dumduhor branch

Middle Lindjerblau

Great Lindjerblau branch

Old Mirvermish

Middle Mirvermish

Mirvermish

Grammatical Information
Alphabet

24 letters, 3 accent

Sounds

31 sounds

Type

Analytic

Alignment

Nominative-accusative

Head direction

Head final (descriptor first)

Nouns decline to:
Case

Yes; 4

Number

Yes; 2

Definiteness

No

Gender

No

Verbs conjugate to:
Voice

Yes; 2

Mood

Yes; 4

Person

Yes; 5

Number

Yes; 2

Tense

Yes; 5

Aspect

Yes; 2

Example Information
Example text

  'Aark, ffir voçë thee yve nälomkaaly! Ffir 'Y waçtë Na kom, birm we çeenn päromten. A kaalte 'On Kalle. 

Meaning

Hark, for this day is melancholy! For He were My kin, born of same parent. I called Him Kalle.
(Thaumopaedia: Chapter 1, Verse 49)

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General

Mirvermish is the language of the Dwarves spoken in Vy Mirvë where it is the official language. It descends from the Dumduhor branch of the Almsaundean language family where it shares mutual intelligibility with its sibling Kahremish.

History

The Mirvermish language's earliest writings and speakers used a dialect of Lindjerblau that originated in the Cwentachian capitol of Sjërrjedjë, around 5,500 EAB. The language broke away from the standard Lindjerblau of the Giants as the race became secondary when the Dwarves, the native speakers of Mirvermish, became the primary race of Vereva. As the Dwarves gained respect, becoming the leaders of the world in trade and technology and owning the largest naval fleet, more and more nations wanted to do trade with Dwarven nations, especially with Cwentach and Wersza, symbols of the Dwarves' global dominance at the peak of their existance. The Dwarves decided eagerly to give credence to their language as the official international auxiliary language of Vereva. Other countries accepted the change from Lindjerblau to Mirvermish smoothly, as the language was much simpler to learn than its predecessor. By year 5,734 EAB, the language was being spoken in not only Sjërrjedjë, but in other cities throughout Cwentach as well as in Wersza and parts of Kalle. At the end of the Cultural Renaissance, when western countries of the Great Continent came together to form Vy Mirvë, the language was spread far enough through Dwarven culture, as well as the world, to be dubbed the official tongue of the race. For more than 13,000 years, the language was spoken and read throughout Vereva as the primary world tongue. At the end of the Heaven's War, the language quickly fell into disuse, marking the end of the Age of the Dwarves as most races refused to keep the language in practice due to Vy Mirvë's betrayal of the Giants during the war. Today, the language is spoken only in Vy Mirvë and is a rarity as a secondary tongue to a member of any race.

Grammar

Mirvermish is a language that uses 24 letters.

Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg Hh Ii Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Yy Zz '

The letters generally represent one sound each but can combine to make 9 digraphs. It also has three accents. The diaeresis ( ¨ ), can be used only over the vowels a, e, i, o and u to change their sound. The caron ( ˇ ) can be used over consonants c, s and z to change their sound. The cedilla ( ¸ ) is used on c to give the letter the /s/ sound.

Ää Ëë Ïï Öö Üü Čč Šš Žž Çç

Its nouns, pronouns, adjectives and articles decline for 2 numbers (singular and plural) and 4 cases (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive) making 8 possible forms (2x4) to each. Its verbs conjugate for 2 numbers (singular and plural), 5 persons (1st person, 2nd person, 3rd person masculine, 3rd person feminine, 3rd person neuter) and 5 tenses (present, past, pluperfect, future, future perfect) making 50 possible conjugations (5x5x2). Other aspects of verbs such as mood or aspect are made using modal verbs. The grammar of Mirvermish is mostly parallel to that of Kahremish.

Sounds

Letter English
representation
IPA
A A as in cat. /æ/
Ä E as in pet /ɛ/
B B as in bat /b/
C C as in cat /k/
Č Ch as in chicken /tʃ/
Ç S as in snail /s/
D D as in dog /d/
E U as in but /ə/
Ë Ay as in day /e/
F Th as in then. /ð/
Ff F as in frog /f/
G G as in goat /g/
H H as in horse /ɦ/
I E as in me. /i/
Ï I as in it /ɪ/
J Y as in yak /j/
K C as in cat /k/
Kh No English equivalent /ç/
L L as in lice /l/
M M as in mouse /m/
N N as in newt /n/
O O as in octopus /o/
Ö Oo as in kangaroo /u/
P P as in puppy /p/
R R as in rat /ɹ/
Rh W as in worm /w/
S Z as in zebra /z/
Š Sh as in shark /ʃ/
T T as in turtle /t/
Th No English equivalent /ʈ/
U Oo as in kangaroo /u/
Ü U as in but /ə/
V V as in very /v/
W V as in very /v/
Y Ea as in flea /iː/
Z J as in juice /dʒ/
Ž Si as in vision /ʒ/
' * greatly lengthens the vowel;
a = /æ/, aa = /æː/, 'a = /æːː/

Consonants

  • Graphs
B C D F G H K L M N P R S T V W Z
/b/ /k/ /d/ /ð/ /g/ /ɦ/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /p/ /ɹ/ /z/ /t/ /v/ /dʒ/





1) Letters v, w and z cannot end a word
  • Digraphs
Ff Kh Rh Th
/f/ /ç/ /w/ /ʈ/





  • Accented consonants
Č Ç Š Ž
/tʃ/ /s/ /ʃ/ /ʒ/





1) Accented consonants can only precede and secede vowels and t, r, l, n and m
2) Accented consonants cannot end a word

Vowels

  • Graphs
A E I O U Y '
/æ/ /ə/ /i/ /o/ /u/ /iː/ /ːː/





1) ' greatly lengthens the vowel directly after it; a = /æ/, 'a = /æːː/
2) A vowel written in succession makes the vowel long; a = /æ/, aa = /æː/
  • Accented vowels
Ä Ë Ï Ö Ü
/ɛ/ /e/ /ɪ/ /u/ /ə/





Stress

  • 1) E (/ə/) is never stressed
  • 2) The addition of noun declensions or verb conjugations do not change the stressed syllable.
  • 3) Stress is on the vowel receiving the apostrophe, if not
  • 4) Stress is on the final long vowel of a word,
  • 5) If no long vowels exist, then stress is on the penultimate (second to last) syllable
  • 6) If E is the penultimate vowel, stress is before penultimate e.
  • 7) If E is penultimate and stress is impossible before it, the stress is on the final syllable
  • 8) Otherwise, there is no stress.

Nouns

Nouns in Mirvermish decline for 2 numbers (singular and plural) and 4 cases (nominative, accusative, dative and genitive) making 8 possible forms (2x4) to each.

General noun declension of Mirvermish
Singular Plural
Nominative (no ending) -eçë
Accusative -e -eçëçe
Dative -em -emçës
Genitive -en -ençës
Group 1: nouns ending in aa, ee or uu
Subtract final vowel before adding ending
Thee (day)
Singular Plural
Nominative vy thee vyçë theeçë
Accusative ve thee vyçe theeçëçe
Dative vym theem vymçës theemçës
Genitive vyn theen vynçës theençës


Group 2: nouns ending in a, e, i, o, u, y, ', ä, ë, ï, ö or ü
Don't add beginning e of ending; accusative singular ending is -ihe
Ta (tie)
Singular Plural
Nominative vy ta vyçë taçë
Accusative ve taihe vyçe taçëçe
Dative vym tam vymçës tamçës
Genitive vyn tan vynçës tançës
Group 3: nouns ending in b, d, f, p, t, v, k or h
Regular rules apply
Äd (edge)
Singular Plural
Nominative vy äd vyçë ädeçë
Accusative ve äde vyçe ädeçëçe
Dative vym ädem vymçës ädemçës
Genitive vyn äden vynçës ädençës
Group 4: nouns ending in r, l, n or m
Subtract first e from all endings; accusative singular ending is -e
Thir (door)
Singular Plural
Nominative vy thir vyçë thirçë
Accusative ve thire vyçe thirçëçe
Dative vym thirm vymçës thirmçës
Genitive vyn thirn vynçës thirnçës
Group 5: nouns ending in Ç, S, Č, Ž, Š, W, or Z
Subtract final consonant and e with endings beginnin in -eç
Byč (beach)
Singular Plural
Nominative vy byč vyçë byçë
Accusative ve byče vyçe byçëçe
Dative vym byčem vymçës byčemçës
Genitive vyn byčen vynçës byčençës

Cases

There are four grammatical cases in Mirvermish. They are the nominative, accusative, dative and genitive cases.

Used as the subject of a sentence.
-"Vy kherl yse ytomkh."
-"The girl is eating."
Used as the object of the verb to be
-"Šy yse ee kherl."
-"She is a girl."
Used as the vocative or exclamatarily
-"Ee kherl!"
-"A girl!"
Used as the direct object of an affirmative sentence
-"A mie vïte kherle."
-"I know that girl."
Used as the indirect object of an affirmative sentence
-"'Y yçt ve beke tuu vym kherlem khowomkh."
-"He is giving the book to the girl."
Required case for some prepositions
-"Vy bek yve ffrem vym kherlem."
-"The book is from the girl."
Used to mark the possessive form of a noun, where it comes after the noun it modifies
-"Ot yve vy bek (vyn) kherlen."
-"It is the girl's book."
Required case for most prepositions
-"'Y yçt ve beke rythomkh rhovüt vyn kherlen."
-"He is reading the book without the girl."
Used as the direct and indirect objects in negated sentences
-"A thuue maat vïten kherlen mien."
-"I do not know that girl."
-"'Y yçt maat vyn beken tuh vyn kherlen khowomkh."
-"He is not giving the book to the girl."

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